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  • The dataset describes the functional effects traits derived for 57 taxonomic units (species, genus and family level classifications) of oilseed rape insect pollinators. This data provides information on both morphological and behavioural traits, typically at the species level, but also at a generic and functional group level. Data acquisition was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) under research programme NE/N018125/1 Achieving Sustainable Agricultural Systems (ASSIST). ASSIST is an initiative jointly supported by NERC and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/f09a0ada-b5c6-4dd9-9c7b-2fed23ab79b1

  • This dataset constains information on population counts in experimental populations of Plodia interpunctella (Pyralidae; Hübner) and the parasitoid wasp Venturia canescens (Ichneumonidae; Gravenhorst). The data was collected from a multi-generation microcosm experiment carried out to characterise the combined effects of daily stochastic temperature fluctuations and resource degradation on population responses in the Plodia-Venturia host-parasitoid trophic interaction. The population count data include the weekly total numbers of dead adult hosts and parasitoids and the numbers of live early (L1-L3) and late (L4-L5) host instars and of host and parasitoid pupae in half sections of diet removed weekly and replaced by fresh diet (half sections are a 12th of experimental population boxes). The temperature time series data include the date and daily temperature in the fluctuating temperatures treatment. Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/54b722a7-7cda-4817-86a5-b96ad0bb4ae7

  • This dataset contains response data from Q sort exercises investigating attitudes towards non-native lizards in the UK conducted in 2017-18. Data have been collected using standard Q method techniques for combined qualitative and quantitative investigation into subjective viewpoints surrounding a research topic. The data provided are the final Q sort arrangements obtained from participants and provide the basis for further factor analysis. Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/a9c314d8-8a87-4992-9677-d9705c380f10

  • Data from two laboratory-based studies, both investigating the interactive effects of abiotic and biotic controls on peatland carbon cycling. Data comprise carbon dioxide and methane fluxes in peat, litter mass remaining and respiration rate data from litter bags on peat mesocosms, and biochemical and physical properties of peat. Data was collected in from the first laboratory study, which focused on identifying the interactive effects of small-scale temperature change, water table level and plant functional type legacy effects in peat on carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) fluxes from peat collected from Black Law Wind Farm, Lanarkshire, Scotland. Data includes CO2 and CH4 fluxes from peat mesocosms (sampled in May 2011), measured six times from October 2011 to September 2012. Data collected from the second laboratory study between October 2012 and October 2013 focused on identifying the interactive effects of small-scale temperature change and plant functional type legacy effects in peat and litter on decomposition in peatlands, and included litter mass remaining (% of initial litter mass) and respiration rate data from litter bags on peat mesocosms. Peat and litter used in this laboratory study were collected from blanket bog peatland at Black Law Wind Farm, Lanarkshire, Scotland in October 2012. Peat and litter used in both studies were analysed for their biochemical and physical properties. Biochemical and physical properties data for the first laboratory study includes bulk density, pH, total carbon (C) content, total nitrogen (N) content, ratio of C to N, C stock, N stock, total phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs), total fungal PLFAs, total bacterial PLFAs, ratio of fungal to bacterial PLFAs, total gram-positive bacterial PLFAs, total gram-negative bacterial PLFAs and ratio of gram-positive to gram-negative bacterial PLFAs of peat. Biochemical and physical properties data for the second laboratory study include total carbon (C) content, total nitrogen (N) content and the ratio of C to N for peat and litter. Biochemical and physical data properties for peat and litter were used to better understand the effects of plant functional type legacy on greenhouse gas fluxes and litter decomposition. Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/e15fbbab-1cdd-4509-81a3-aa050e927dd0

  • This dataset contains the results of a laboratory study investigating the dissolution of UO3•nH2O particles in dynamic sediment/groundwater column systems, representative of the shallow subsurface at the Sellafield Ltd. site, UK. Measurements were carried out to determine the extent of uranic particle dissolution and the speciation of dissolved uranium within the columns under contrasting biogeochemical conditions (oxic and electron-donor amended). Columns effluents were analysed periodically for key biogeochemical indicators (nitrate, sulfate) and trace metals (iron, manganese, uranium) and systems were sacrificed after 6 and 12 months of groundwater flow. Upon sacrifice, columns were cross-sectioned, and the sediment structure preserved for synchrotron micro-focus X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) mapping, and uranium L-edge X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) measurements. Sub-samples of column sediments were also analysed for acid extractable metals, microbial abundance and classification and bioavailable Fe(II) concentrations. Experiments were performed between March 2016 and March 2017. Subsequent analyses were performed between March 2017 and December 2018. This data was collected as part of the project: Understanding radioactive ‘hot’ particle evolution in the environment funded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council (grant NE/M014088/1). Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/2702e1b0-13df-4ae4-9f91-4ac4bd07bbf1

  • This dataset is part of the study of mimetic host shifts in an endangered social parasite of ants, which is a joint study of the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology and the University of Oxford. It contains the relative abundance data of cuticular hydrocarbons extracted from worker ants of Myrmica sabuleti and M. schencki, and from caterpillars of Maculinea rebeli from two populations at the pre-adoption stage and after being reared by the two ant species. The chemical was analysed from the caterpillars from each region when reared with each ants, by using gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection (GC-MSD). Various statistical analysis was then carried out to compare the differences between groups. It aims to test whether observed regional differences in M. rebeli's host specificity could be explained by variation in chemical mimicry. Detailed research method can be found in Thomas et al. (2013) Mimetic host shifts in an endangered social parasite of ants. Proc. R. Soc. B vol. 280 no.1751. (https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.2336) Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/b0aec477-0883-4963-a3ae-52e3f0daf5aa

  • The data set provides Computed Tomography based soil microstructures of a sandy loam soil (Invergowrie, Scotland) providing the distributions of soil, air and water. The images provide two water conditions (20±0.5 and 80±0.5% of the pore volume), with distribution at pore scale computed using a lattice-Boltzmann modelling approach, for five soil bulk densities (1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6 g cm-3), and three repetitions per bulk density (30 images). The domain size of the images is 512x512x512 voxels with a voxel resolution of 24 µm. Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/0d290420-913a-4858-a090-fdbce616c247

  • These arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi diversity data were collected in 2000 as part of an investigation in an unfertilized limestone grassland soil supporting different synthesized vascular plant assemblages that had developed for three years. The experimental treatments comprised: bare soil; monocultures of the non mycotrophic sedge Carex flacca; monocultures of the mycotrophic grass Festuca ovina; and a species-rich mixture of four forbs, four grasses and four sedges. The experiment was undertaken in microcosms, set up at the University of Sheffield. The diversity of AM fungi was analysed in roots of Plantago lanceolata bioassay seedlings using terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP). The data were collected during a project funded under the NERC Soil Biodiversity Thematic Programme, established in 1999. Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/96af6c13-ef0a-4da5-9686-690a16e05768

  • These data files represent simulations of hydrated cation vacancies in the mantle mineral forsterite (Mg2SiO4) undertaken using the CASTEP atomic scale simulation code (http://www.castep.org/). Results from these simulations allow the structure relative stability of different defect configurations to be compared. Three types of cation vacancies are considered (M1, M2 and Si) each decorated by hydrogen in order to charge balance the system. For M1 and M2 this results in multiple configurations (with hydrogen bonded to different oxygen atoms around the vacant site). For Si there is only one configuration as all four oxygen atoms are bonded to hydrogen for the charge neutral defect. For each configuration input files detail the initial atomic structure of the defect along with simulation parameters. Output files record the progress of the simulation, the final atomic structure, the energy of this structure, and various predicted properties of the structure. Only ASCII output data is included as binary data created by CASTEP is not intended to be portable, and can easily be recreated using the ASCII files.

  • The raw data contain genotype information for offspring collected from controlled crosses of Teleopsis dalmanni. Parents were taken from laboratory stock populations. Offspring genotypes were assigned by sizing a microsatellite, which distinguishes sex-ratio distorting and nondistorting X chromosomes. Also included is information on offspring sex and food treatment. The processed data summarises genotype counts by collection date and cage id (date/food treatment/cage). Also included is a fitness calculation for each genotype in each cage. Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/71529a64-6c1b-4c8f-ae3f-7c4870efd976