To better-understand natural hydroclimate variability and to help place recent climatic change within a longer-term perspective, a reconstruction of summer precipitation was developed based upon the oxygen isotope ratios of precisely-dated latewood alpha-cellulose from oak tree rings. Oxygen isotopes in precipitation are closely related to precipitation variability across the UK, enabling the reconstruction to be used to extend May to August precipitation totals for the England and Wales precipitation series back to 1201CE. The agreement between instrumental and reconstructed values is unusually strong, with more than half of the variance explained and standard verification tests passed. The stability of this relationship is confirmed using split-period calibration and verification. This allows the reconstruction to be variance-scaled to the full length of the England and Wales instrumental series back to 1766CE. Near-constant replication, with a minimum of ten timbers sourced from historic buildings across central southern England ensures signal strength does not change over time. Summers during the late 20th century appear anomalously dry and those of the 21st century very close to the pre-20th century average with no evidence in the record of prolonged 'megadroughts' across England and Wales.
Gridded land use map of Peninsular Malaysia with a resolution of approximate 25 meters for the year 2018. The map includes nine different classes: 1) non-paddy agriculture, 2) paddy fields, 3) rural residential, 4) urban residential, 5) commercial/institutional, 6) industrial/infrastructure, 7) roads, 8) urban and 9) others. The land use map was created as part of the project “Malaysia - Flood Impact Across Scales”. The project is funded under the Newton-Ungku Omar Fund ‘Understanding of the Impacts of Hydrometeorological Hazards in South East Asia’ call. The grant was jointly awarded by the Natural Environment Research Council and the MYPAIR Scheme under the Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/36df244e-11c8-44bc-aa9b-79427123c42c
River elevation and catchment area data for major rivers in Calabria, Italy (one river profile in each file). Data were extracted from 1 arc second SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) Digital Elevation Models using the Arc GIS hydrology toolbox between October 2015 and October 2019. These river profiles were acquired for fluvial inversion to calculate rock uplift in Calabria.
These files contain ground penetrating radar (GPR) data collected from the glacier margins and forelands of Falljökull and of Kvíárjökull, south-east Iceland, between 2012 and 2014. The data were collected using a Sensors and Software PulseEKKO Pro GPR system. For each glacier the data are stored in folders that indicate the month and year in which the surveys were conducted. Each GPR profile has a Sensors and Software GPR (.DT1) file, and associated header (.HD) and GPS (.GPS) files. The .HD files (which can be opened as text files) give the parameters and equipment used for each profile. GPS files are not available for some of the profiles collected on Falljökull in April 2013 (due to damage that occurred to the GPS linked with the PulseEKKO Pro system). For these profiles start, finish, and mid profile positions were recorded using differential GPS, and locations of these profiles are instead given by GIS shapefiles in the relevant folders. These datasets have been used in the publications listed below. Further information relating to the data collection methodology can be found therein. Phillips, Emrys; Everest, Jez; Evans, David J.A.; Finlayson, Andrew; Ewertowski, Marek; Guild, Ailsa; Jones, Lee. 2017 Concentrated, ‘pulsed’ axial glacier flow: structural glaciological evidence from Kvíárjökull in SE Iceland. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 42 (13). 1901-1922. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.4145 Phillips, Emrys; Finlayson, Andrew; Bradwell, Tom; Everest, Jez; Jones, Lee. 2014 Structural evolution triggers a dynamic reduction in active glacier length during rapid retreat: evidence from Falljökull, SE Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 119 (10). 2194-2208. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JF003165 Phillips, Emrys; Finlayson, Andrew; Jones, Lee. 2013 Fracturing, block-faulting and moulin development associated with progressive collapse and retreat of a polar maritime glacier: Virkisjokul-Falljokull, SE Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 118 (3). 1545-1561. https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrf.20116 Flett, Verity; Maurice, Louise; Finlayson, Andrew; Black, Andrew; MacDonald, Alan; Everest, Jez; Kirkbride, Martin. 2017. Meltwater flow through a rapidly deglaciating glacier and foreland catchment system: Virkisjökull, SE Iceland. Hydrology Research, 48 (6). 1666-1681. https://doi.org/10.2166/nh.2017.205
This data set contains example input and output files from density functional theory calculations of rare earth systems, using the Vienna Ab initio Simulation Package (VASP), The data set it split into two parts. The first data set contains the input and output files of molecular dynamics simulations of MCl3 in solution, where (M = Nd, Gd and Er) at ambient conditions, which was modelled at 341 K using the optB88 exchange-correlation functional. The calculations were run in order to investigate speciation in rare earth chloride solutions, including trends across the row, using a light (Nd), medium (Gd) and heavy (Er) rare earth. These particular calculations were used to validate classical interatomic potentials that were used to perform more complex simulation on larger systems and longer timescales. Only the first 2 ps of the trajectories are deposited here, since the complete trajectories are large. The second data set contains example input and output files for lattice dynamics calculations of the thermodynamics properties (heat capacity and entropy) of Nd-monazite and Nd-xenotime at ambient conditions up to 1200 K. In addition, it includes scripts for processing and plots of final results. These are useful for thermodynamical modelling of rare earth systems. Only the input and output files for Nd are deposited here, since the files are large and input files for Gd and Er are identical, save for the change in element.
Data on timing of breeding, breeding success and diet of the European shag, sampled from the Isle of May population. The data were collected between 1985 and 2015 by visually checking nests and collecting regurgitated diet samples. These data are part of the Isle of May long-term study to assess population trends of seabirds under environmental change (IMLOTS https://www.ceh.ac.uk/our-science/projects/isle-may-long-term-study). Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/6231bd5b-ee2d-4cca-a9ef-88006ffa4976
This set of data is the second set of impact interviews conducted with the target communities of the BRAVE project. The interviews are transcriptions in Microsoft word. The communities involved in the data collection were from Tomo and Poa in Burkina Faso and Jawani and Tariganga in Ghana. There are 32 interviews from Burkinabe community members, and 23 from the Ghanaian communities. Individuals were selected based on their participation in the BRAVE field activity of the Farmer Voice Radio. The data was collected between October 2019 and February 2020 by the local researchers. This data methodology was built on the initial vulnerability assessments, and include questions around behaviour change and income change based on the BRAVE communities activities of ground water measurement and water management strategies. This data shows behaviour and livelihood change within the communities and due to these activities. This is final qualitative impacts dataset from the BRAVE project. Previous linked data sets include the baseline vulnerability assessments and the first round of impact interviews. BRAVE: Building understanding of climate variability into planning of groundwater supplies from low storage aquifers in Africa BRAVE is a ‘Consortium’ research project is part of the UPGro (Unlocking the Potential of Groundwater for the Poor) programme.
Data output from the numerical flow modelling in GRL manuscript ""Evidence for the top-down control of lava domes on magma ascent dynamics"", by Marsden, L., Neuberg, J. & Thomas, M., all of University of Leeds. The models were created using the Laminar Flow module in COMSOL Multiphysics v5.4 by L. Marsden. The following files are uploaded: Archive_Reference_Model.txt (Reference flow model: Gas loss function, Initial H2O content = 4.5 wt.% Excess pressure at depth = 10 MPa, Constant corresponding to crystal growth rate = 4e-6 s^-1 ) Archive_High_H2O.txt (Gas loss function, Initial H2O content = 10 wt.% Excess pressure at depth = 10 MPa, Constant corresponding to crystal growth rate = 4e-6 s^-1) Archive_No_Gas_Loss.txt (No gas loss, Initial H2O content = 4.5 wt.% Excess pressure at depth = 10 MPa, Constant corresponding to crystal growth rate = 4e-6 s^-1) Archive_Gamma_Low.txt (Gas loss function, Initial H2O content = 4.5 wt.% Excess pressure at depth = 10 MPa, Constant corresponding to crystal growth rate = 1e-6 s^-1) Archive_Excess_Pressure_0MPa.txt (Gas loss function, Initial H2O content = 4.5 wt.% Excess pressure at depth = 0 MPa, Constant corresponding to crystal growth rate = 4e-6 s^-1) Archive_Excess_Pressure_20MPa.txt (Gas loss function, Initial H2O content = 4.5 wt.% Excess pressure at depth = 20 MPa, Constant corresponding to crystal growth rate = 4e-6 s^-1) The files uploaded include the reference flow model and where a single key parameter has been changed in the flow modelling. We include data where the key parameter is at the upper or lower limit of the values tested. Data are not included where magma ascent is modelled to stall without the extrusion of a lava dome, as a time dependent model is not run in this case. A solution is provided using equilibrium modelling only. The following variables are output, at conduit centre unless specified: Depth (m), Time(s), Ascent velocity (m/s), Bulk Viscosity (Pa s), Crystal Content, Dome height (m), Gas Volume Fraction, Overpressure (Pa), Shear Stress at Conduit Wall (Pa)
Data has been recorded during triaxial rock deformation experiments where Lanhelin granite samples were subjected to dynamic and half-controlled shear failure. The data consists of mechanical data (load, displacement, confining pressure, strain gauge data), ultrasonic data (AE source locations and arrival times, sensor locations, arrival times of active acoustic surveys), and scanning electron microscope images of the samples after shear failure. Dataset contains all data necessary to evaluate the results presented in the paper entitled: 'Off-fault damage characterisation during and after experimental quasi-static and dynamic rupture in crystal rock from laboratory P-wave tomography and microstructures' by Aben, Brantut, and Mitchell, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth.
This dataset contains RNA-seq of root, leaf and inflorescence tissue of multiple individuals and 6 species of Linospadix and one species of Laccospadix collected from Lord Howe Island, Australia. The work was carried out by Imperial College London, and was funded by the NERC grant NE/M015742/1. This data is NERC-funded but not held by the EIDC. This data is archived in NCBI Genbank at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore with accession numbers SRX5562387-SRX5562441 (inclusive)