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  • Zircon U-Pb isotope data are presented for eight plutonic rocks from the Masirah ophiolite and one plutonic rock from the Ra's Madrakah ophiolite (south east Oman). These data constrain the age of formation of the two ophiolite nappes exposed on Masirah Island (early Cretaceous), whereas two intrusions with younger ages (late Cretaceous) overlap with the proposed emplacement age of the ophiolite. The data cover two sites in the Masirah Lower Nappe, two sites in the Masirah Upper Nappe (on Masirah Island, off the SE coast of Oman) and one site on Ra's Madrakah (on the mainland of Oman). The interpretation and discussion of these data form part of a manuscript submitted to Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. Data collection was done using chemical abrasion isotope dilution thermal ionisation mass spectrometry (CA-ID-TIMS) at the NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratories at the British geological Survey, supported by NERC Isotope Geosciences Facilities award IP-1919-0619. This work resulted from a PhD project funded by NERC GW4+ DTP grant NE/L002434/1.

  • Whole rock analyses (presented in parts per million, ppm) of volcanic samples from Mt. St Helens, Washington, USA. Detailed sample descriptions and given in Blundy et al. (2008) and references therein. All samples were analysed using solution ICP-MS at the Open University. Blundy, J., Cashman, K.V. and Berlo, K. (2008) Evolving magma storage conditions beneath Mount St. Helens inferred from chemical variations in melt inclusions from the 1980-1986 and current (2004-2006) eruptions, in: Sherrod, D.R., Scott, W.E., Stauffer, P.H. (Eds.), A volcano rekindled: the renewed eruption of Mount St. Helens, 2004-2006, Reston, VA, pp. 755-790.

  • DiGBcoast v1.0, is a new supranational dataset documenting three decades of coastal change across Great Britain mainland (England, Scotland, and Wales) including the isle of Wight and Anglesey. This dataset has been produced using the publicly available optical Landsat-5,8 and Sentinel-2 missions over the period between 1984 to 2022 (38 years). It includes instantaneous waterlines and instantaneous tidally corrected to Mean Sea Level shorelines. DiGBcoast is made available to the public as free and open interactive data to support future coastal research and management across Great Britain.

  • This dataset contains raw data from synthetic and experimental velocity steps analyzed using the MATLAB routine ‘steadystate.m’, as presented by Giacomel, P., Faulkner, D.R., Lambert, V., Allen, M.J (2024): ‘steadystate: A MATLAB-based routine for determining steady-state friction conditions in the framework of rate- and state- friction analysis’ – GSA, Geosphere. The data is provided in .zip folder containing the Velocity Steps and the outputs from steadystate.m, along with the scripts used to generate the figures shown in the Manuscript and Supplementary Material. The folder ‘Velocity_Steps’ notably contains the complete suite of mechanical data (subfolder ‘Mechanical_Data), the modelled rate- and state- friction parameters (subfolder ‘Modelled_RSF_Parameters SlipLaw’) obtained by assuming steady state at different displacements, as well as the linear detrended end members (i.e., at short to large displacements) fitted via inverse modelling (subfolder ‘Detrended_Velocity_Steps + Fit-Inversions’). Such observations were foundational for the development of the steadystate.m routine. Each subfolder is accompanied by a README.txt file that reports on the link between the raw .txt data with the MATLAB scripts generating the associated figures. For the sepiolite fault gouge used during the friction velocity steps, please refer to: Sánchez-Roa, C., Jiménez-Millán, J., Abad, I., Faulkner, D. R., Nieto, F., and García-Tortosa, F. J., 2016, Fibrous clay mineral authigenesis induced by fluid-rock interaction in the Galera fault zone (Betic Cordillera, SE Spain) and its influence on fault gouge frictional properties: Applied Clay Science, v. 134, p. 275-288.

  • This dataset spans the Sinemurian-Pliensbachian boundary of the Llanbedr (Mochras Farm) drill core that was drilled onshore in the Cardigan Bay Basin, Wales, UK. This dataset contains 1. Micro-, macro-charcoal data and palynofacies, obtained at the University of Exeter (Streatham campus), UK, 2. Clay mineralogical data (X-ray diffraction (XRD)) obtained at the University of Burgundy, France, in collaboration with Jean-François Deconinck, 3. Carbon-isotope data, TOC and carbonate content, obtained at the University of Exeter (Penryn campus), UK. The dataset was created within the scope of the JET project (Integrated understanding of Early Jurassic Earth system and timescale) - This project has received funding from the International Continental Scientific Drilling Programme (ICDP) and the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). The PhD-project within this dataset was created is funded by the University of Exeter, UK.

  • The MexiDrill core was dated using a range of methods, including radiocarbon. Samples of sediment were pretreated (acid-only) at the 14CHRONO Centre according to established protocol, and measured using Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS). The plain-text file lists the uncalibrated AMS radiocarbon dates, with the following columns: UBA ID, date submitted, MexiDrill sample ID, radiocarbon age, and lab error.

  • Meteorological data was collected by the University of Manchester at Langmuir ground station in the Magdalena Mountains, New Mexico, between July and August 2022 as part of the Deep Convective Microphysics Experiment (DCMEX) project. This dataset contains meteorological data from two ground meteorological stations. A Gill MaxiMet GMX600 meteorological station was installed at the Langmuir Laboratory main building (33.97495N, 107.18100W, ~3255 m) next to the Digitel aerosol filter sampler and provides measurements of wind speed, wind direction, temperature, humidity, pressure, and precipitation rate. A second meteorological station, a Vaisalla WTX536 meteorological station, was installed at the Langmuir Kiva-2 laboratory next to the Digitel aerosol filter sampler and provides measurements of wind speed, wind direction, temperature, humidity, pressure, and precipitation rate. The meteorological stations are supported by the University of Manchester scientists.

  • The dataset consists of eleven spreadsheet tabs, each tab containing lipid biomarker palaeothermometry (air temperature reconstructions) and bulk organic carbon isotope data from individual lignites that are known to stratigraphically span the Cretaceous-Palaeogene (K-Pg) boundary. Uncalibrated, raw biomarker distributions (glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers; GDGTs) are provided, as well as the calculated calibration outputs. Site coordinates are: West Bijou, Colorado (39°34'14'N, 104°18'09'W), Sussex, Wyoming (43°39'40"N, 106°19'06"W), Pyramid Butte, North Dakota (46°25'03'N, 103°58'33'W), Hell Creek Road, Montana (47°31'35"N, 106°56'23"W), Rock Creek West, Saskatchewan (49°02'20"N, 106°34'00"W), Wood Mountain Creek, Saskatchewan (49°25'20"N, 106°19'50"W), Frenchman Valley, Saskatchewan (49°20’56"N, 108°25’05"W), Knudesn’s Coulee, Alberta (51°54’27"N, 113°02’57"W) Griffith’s Farm, Alberta (51°54’47"N, 112°57’51"W), Coal Valley Cores (GSC CV-42-2, Cores 1 and 2), Alberta (53°05’02"N, 116°47’ 40"W) Police Island, Northwest Territories (64°52'42"N, 125°12'33"W).

  • A Bayesian age-depth model was constructed of the radiocarbon dates of the MexiDrill composite core. The age-depth model was produced using rbacon (Blaauw and Christen 2011, Bayesian Analysis 6(3): 457-474, doi: 10.1214/11-BA618), and was run in R as rbacon (CRAN version 3.2.0) using all default settings except for: thick=0.2, depth.units="m", ka=TRUE, acc.mean=2000. The output consists of a pdf of the age-depth model and its settings, a file containing the 95% age ranges, medians and means for every 0.1m of the core depths, a settings file and the .csv file that was used to produce the age-depth model. During the age-modelling, rbacon used the IntCal20 northern hemisphere terrestrial calibration curve (Reimer et al. 2020, Radiocarbon 62, 725-757, doi:10.1017/RDC.2020.41).

  • High-precision CA-ID-TIMS (Chemical Abrasion Isotope Dilution Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry) Uranium-Lead geochronology of zircon, extracted from igneous plutonic and mineralised porphyry intrusions in the Rio Blanco-Los Bronces Cu Porphyry area, Chile. Eleven parent samples cover an age range of ca. 14 Ma to ca. 5 Ma. Sample Identifiers correspond to the NERC Highlight topic consortium project FAMOS (From Arc Magmas to Ores) samples from the Natural History Museum component of the project and Large et al.(2024) J. Pet, where full rock types, geo-references, petrography, and geochemistry of parent samples can be found in addition to zircon Cathodoluminesence and SEM characterization of zircon of samples, and the corresponding zircon trace element analyses (inclusive of U-Pb) by laser ablation ICPMS. This data provides insights into the crystallisation of zircon and timescales of porphyry copper deposits.