Scope This database compiles, from published sources, the sample records of archaeobotanical (plant) remains from archaeological sites located in southwest Asia, central Anatolia and Cyprus dated to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic or earlier. Research The database contributes directly to the following publication, and users are referred to that article for further information on the development and intended use of the database: Wallace, M., Jones, G., Charles, M., Forster, E., Stillman, E., Bonhomme, V., Livarda, A., Osborne, C., Rees, M., Frenck, G., Preece, C. (submitted). Re-analysis of archaeobotanical remains from pre- and early agricultural sites provides no evidence for a narrowing of the wild plant food spectrum during the origins of agriculture in southwest Asia. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. Funding This database was developed during two projects based at the University of Sheffield, funded by a European Research Council (ERC) grant 'The Evolutionary Origins of Agriculture' (grant no. 269830-EOA, PI Glynis Jones, University of Sheffield) and a Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) grant 'Origins of Agriculture: an Ecological Perspective on Crop Domestication' (grant no. NE/H022716/1, PI Colin Osborne, University of Sheffield). The database builds on an earlier database compiled by Sue Colledge during 'The Origin and Spread of Neolithic Plant Economies in the Near East and Europe' project (AHRB, PIs Stephen Shennan and James Conolly, University College London) and the 'Domestication of Europe' project (NERC, PI Terry Brown, University of Manchester). Citation When using data included in this database the original publication(s) of the data should be cited. Original publications can be identified in the tables '4_Records (samples)' and '5_References'. The authors would be grateful if this database is cited in addition to the original publication(s). Disclaimer This database is a compilation of data as presented by other researchers. Inclusion in this database does not constitute an endorsement of the data or the researchers. The authors of the database do not take responsibility for any adverse outcome due to transcription or other errors introduced in the creation of this database. When using the database the original source of data should be checked to ensure the accuracy and integrity of the data included in the database
Star Carr is arguably the most well known Mesolithic site in Europe. The potential of this area was first discovered by the work of local amateur archaeologist John Moore in the late 1940s, who realised that the flat expanse of peat within the eastern end of the Vale of Pickering had once been an ancient lake, which he called Lake Flixton. Since the Mesolithic period, the lake had infilled with peat and this had created excellent preservation conditions for the archaeology in this area.
The dataset provides observational information on events when humans are in contact with poultry in rural and urban Bangladesh. Data were collected during observation periods of three hours duration in three settings where humans and poultry have close interactions: rural households with domestic poultry and small-scale commercial farms in rural areas of Tangail district and market stalls that sell, slaughter and process live poultry in Dhaka city. Observations on hygiene or handwashing behaviours that take place before or after contact with poultry, poultry products (eggs, meat) or poultry waste (bedding, faeces or carcasses) were also recorded. A structured observation sheet was used to record the number of occurrences of pre-defined activities. The objective was to record the types of contact behaviours and proportion of human-poultry interactions that could result in human exposure to antibiotic-resistant bacteria carried by poultry. The research was part of a wider research project, Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Transmission from the Outdoor Environment to Humans in Urban and Rural Bangladesh. The research was funded by NERC/BBSRC/MRC on behalf of the Antimicrobial Resistance Cross-Council Initiative, award NE/N019555/1. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/76f52a38-7a2c-49a3-b86f-cc40205459ef
This dataset contains pH, turbidity and viral concentration information in untreated and treated wastewater samples at wastewater discharge points and wastewater treatment plants along the Conwy River. The aim of the data collection was to investigate diurnal changes in enteric virus concentrations in wastewater and to investigate any correlation with wastewater pH and turbidity. Untreated wastewater samples were collected at one wastewater treatment plant for two events. Treated wastewater samples were collected at two wastewater discharge points for two and three sampling events, respectively. All the sampling took place between July 2016 and March 2017. During a sampling events, samples were collected every two hours for 72 hours using autosamplers. Samples were collected by trained members of staff from Bangor University and Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH). The data were collected as part of the VIRAQUA project was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) under the Environmental Microbiology and Human Health (EMHH) Programme (NE/M010996/1). Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/61640ba9-ffdd-4eda-9e83-dafc01ba8cc7
This dataset contains data from a soil survey at Moor House, Cumbria, UK undertaken by Mike Hornung in 1965 as part of his PhD. It contains information about the soil horizons, chemical analyses and soil mineralogy. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/e4cf73b0-eef6-4118-a018-40eb374f5de7
Data comprise monitoring records of a population of Gryllus campestris, a flightless, univoltine field cricket that lives in and around burrows excavated among the grass in a meadow in Asturias (North Spain). The area has an altitude range from around 60 to 270 metres above sea level. The data present information on various mating-related activities of male crickets, including age, singing activity, dominance in fights, and lifespan. Data were collected from 2006 to 2016. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/57c7f153-0f5c-40ef-bf73-e800cb8d4013
Genotype-by-sequencing and chloroplast genome sequencing were carried out for 192 accessions of wild and landrace wheat accessions. This produced 10 nuclear DNA sequences, each 10-20 kb in length, and one 80 kb chloroplast DNA sequence, from each of 192 accessions of wild or domesticated emmer wheat. NB The data are stored in the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) with accession number Study PRJEB42105 ena-STUDY-UOM-23-08-2017-14:32:05:787-517 and can be accessed at https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/search?query=PRJEB42105
This data is NERC-funded but not held by the EIDC. This data is archived in Figshare. This is a collection of datasets containing life cycle analysis impact assessment data for: 1. Bio-Pd+PM neo-catalyst production 2. commercial catalyst production 3. heavy oil and pyrolysis bio-oil upgrading with Ni-Mo/Al2O3 commercial catalyst 4. heavy oil and pyrolysis oils (from wood and algae) production 5. heavy oil and pyrolysis bio-oil upgrading with 2-percent and 6-percent Bio-Pd+PM neo-catalyst , respectively, using 50-percent aqua regia leachate 6. heavy oil and pyrolysis bio-oil upgrading with 2-percent and 6-percent Bio-Pd+PM neo-catalyst , respectively, using 25-percent aqua regia leachate 7. heavy oil and pyrolysis bio-oil upgrading with 2-percent Bio-Pd+PM neo-catalyst, using 25-percent aqua regia leachate Impact categories assessed were abiotic depletion (fossil fuels), global warming potential, ozone layer depletion, human toxicity, acidification potential and eutrophication potential. The collection of datasets also includes economic analysis data. These data were collected as part of NERC-funded grant 'Beyond biorecovery: environmental win-win by biorefining of metallic wastes into new functional materials (B3)' which was part of the Resource Recovery from Waste programme.
This dataset contains results from in situ field measurements of riverbed nitrogen transformations in the Hammer Stream, a sandy tributary of the River Rother in West Sussex, UK. Measurements were performed in November 2014 and February, April and July 2015. The data include baseline concentrations of nutrients (NO2, NO3, NH3, PO4), chloride, oxygen, pH, temperature, Fe(II), organic carbon, 15N-N2 and methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) sampled from porewater prior to injection of 15N-nitrate. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/7ded510f-3955-4b92-851d-29c0f79a0b99
The dataset consists of long-term vegetation monitoring data from the Hard Hill burning plots sited in the Moor House - Upper Teesdale National Nature Reserve, Cumbria. An experiment to investigate the effects of rotational burning and grazing was initiated in 1954, consisting of a replicated block layout. Initial vegetation recording was carried out in 1961 and 1965 using a quadrat method and DOMIN scale. In 1972 onwards, vegetation was recorded using a pin frame. Data were recorded by staff from the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology and its predecessors. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/0b931b16-796e-4ce4-8c64-d112f09293f7