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The Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) is one of 10 instruments aboard the Upper Research Satellite (UARS). The HALOE instrument was built by an instrument team based at NASA Langley and launched on the UARS on 12th September 1991. Data collection began on 11th October 1991 until 21st November 2005. The Principal Investigator (PI) is Dr James M. Russell III. The HALOE experiment uses solar occultation to measure vertical profiles of ozone (O3), hydrogen chloride (HCl), Hydrogen Fluoride (HF), methane (CH4), water vapour (H2O), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), aerosol extinction, and temperature versus pressure with an instantaneous vertical field of view of 1.6 km at the Earth limb. The instrument achieves near-global coverage with measurements sweeping between high latitudes in one hemisphere and high latitudes in the other over a period of between 2 and 6 weeks. The latitude range covered by the instrument varies over the course of the year between 80°S and 80°N. The maximum northerly and southerly latitudes occur in spring and autumn in the few weeks either side of the equinoxes. The range of altitude of the measurements depends on the channel being used, but measurements cover the stratosphere and lower mesosphere and, in the case of the nitric oxide channel, extend into the lower thermosphere. HALOE studies the dynamics of polar and other atmospheric regions using the tracers, HF, CH4 and H2O. Studying the trends in HCl and HF will help distinguish the relative importance of anthropogenic versus natural chlorine sources and analyse in detail the development and recovery of the Antarctic ozone hole. Additional studies are intended to identify and assess stratosphere-troposphere exchange. The BADC holds HALOE data at level 2 (uninterpolated profiles at measurement locations), version 19 for the period 11th Ocotber 1991 to 21st November 2005. The BADC also holds the HALOE level 3A version 19 data spanning the time period from 11th October 1991 through 21st December 2000. HALOE L3 data is public. Updates through to September 24, 2001 are available directly from GSFC NASA. The HALOE level 3A data are vertical profiles of methane (CH4), hydrogen chloride (HCl), hydrogen fluoride (HF), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), water vapor (H2O), ozone (O3), temperature (TEMP), and aerosol extinction (AEXTCH4, AEXTHCL, AEXTHF and AEXTNO), interpolated onto a standard set of vertical levels evenly spaced in pressure, and onto standard times (level 3AT) and standard latitudes (level 3AL). The vertical scan range is from about 10 to 65 km, and the vertical resolution is approximately 2.5 km between pressure levels.
The Coastal Air Pollution (CAP) field campaigns in 2009 and 2010 (CAP-2009 and CAP-2010 respectively) sought to investigate the impact of local meteorology on coastal air quality and the structure and evolution of the coastal boundary layer. This dataset consists of surface, tower and airbourne measurements of atmospheric chemistry and vertical wind profiles from the Coastal Air Pollution (CAP) field campaign, led by Dr. Claire Reeves (University of East Anglia, UEA). Airborne measurements were made by instrumentation on board the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements's (FAAM) BAE 146 aircraft, with surface and tower measurements from the Weybourne Atmospheric Observatory (WAO) and the Facility for Ground-based Atmsopheric Measurements's (FGAM) 1290Mhz mobile wind profiling radar providing vertical profiles of winds, signal to noise ratios and spectral width data. These data were used to investigate the impact of local meteorology on coastal air quality and the structure and evolution of the coastal boundary layer. The objectives of the campaign was to: a) characterise the chemical composition of the air above and around WAO in various meteorological conditions to determine how representative the WAO observations are of the coastal region and of the air-mass origin (esp. in the case of maritime/Arctic air); b) determine the local flow patterns that can be established around WAO which may influence the redistribution of pollutants and to aid future identification of such patterns with the more limited vertical data that is routinely collected at WAO; c) identify patterns that decouple polluted layers from the surface; d) characterise the off-shore pollution sources (ship emissions, emissions from off-shore gas platforms) which impact measurements at WAO under maritime conditions; and, e) provide test cases for the one-dimensional MISTRA model of vertical profiles of trace components in the boundary layer and lower free troposphere, especially providing information about vertical exchange.
DESIRE (Dynamics of the Earth System and the Ice-Core Record) was part of Theme 2 QUEST (Quantifying and Understanding the Earth System) programme. This dataset collection contains chemical traces, sea conditions and meteorological measurements from the Tropospheric Offline Model of Chemistry and Transport (TOMCAT) model and MITgcm (MIT General Circulation Model). The project involved an Anglo-French collaboration between QUEST and INSU (Institut national des sciences de l'univers). The project responded to a call to “explain the major changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide and methane concentration over glacial-interglacial timescales”. The project had three strands. In the first strand, tools to improve understanding and modelling of methane were worked on; this included improvements to models, as well as new constraining datasets. In the second strand, similar improvements for CO2 were to be made. The third strand included model simulations and a major data compilation covering the 800,000 year ice core period. Much of the early research in this project used the simple Earth system model GENIE, which generally yields robust results. For example, CO2-forced transient simulations over 650,000 years reproduced Antarctic temperature anomalies with a high correlation, broadly capturing the QUEST Final Report, June 2011 22 magnitude of glacial-interglacial temperature changes. This study found that warm peaks in interglacials are consistent with changes in the meridional overturning circulation.
The European Arctic Stratospheric Ozone Experiment (EASOE) was undertaken in the northern winter of 1991-92 to study the processes in the Arctic which lead to ozone destruction and their connection with reduced ozone at northern mid-latitudes. The data from the campaign has been made available on CD-ROM by the Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU). The CDs are held at the BADC. This two CD-ROM set contains measurements made from 16 ground stations throughout Europe, flights made by the three aircraft involved in the campaign, numerous stratospheric balloons launched from Kiruna in northern Sweden and from ozonesondes from 28 European stations. In addition data from the total ozone monitoring network are included. The parameters measured include concentrations of ozone and the members of the chlorine and nitrogen families which are involved in the photochemical destruction of ozone, aerosol and PSC extinctions and meteorological parameters used to study transport into and out of the polar vortex. The EASOE campaign coincided with the NASA AASE-II aircraft campaign and this dataset is also available from the BADC.
The International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) was based at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York. ISCCP was sponsored by the World Climate Research Programme for the purpose of "collecting and analyzing satellite radiance measurements to infer the global distribution of cloud radiative properties and their diurnal and seasonal variations". This dataset collection contains the global three-hourly cloud products (ISCCP-D1), global monthly cloud products (ISCCP-D2), using the revised algorithm, at 280 km spatial resolution and and monthly cloud analysis products (ISCCP-C2) at 250 km spatial resolution. There are more than 200 variables contained within the datasets. Note - that that the temporal range of the datasets presented here are contain data available from the NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center (ASDC) covers the full extent available at the time of the dataset publication in the CEDA archives, begin in July 1983 and extend through to December 1999 (D1), 2006 (D2) and 1990 (C1). Fuller versions of the datasets are available from ASDC directly. These limited copies were obtained to aid researcher access within the UK community at the time.
The Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder (ISAMS) measured vertical profiles of temperature and a number of atmospheric constituents. ISAMS was built by an instrument team based at Oxford University and launched on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) on 12th September 1991 and operated until July 1992. The Principal Investigator is Prof. Frederick Taylor. ISAMS is an infra-red radiometer, which observes thermal emission from the Earth's limb. The technique of pressure modulator radiometry is used to derive vertical profiles of temperature, mixing ratios of carbon monoxide (CO), water vapour (H2O), methane (CH4), ozone (O3), nitric acid (HNO3), dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) and aerosol extinction. Further details can be found in the help file written at the BADC. The data coverage extends from 80°S to 80°N, but at any one time this is usually restricted to 34°S to 80°N or 34°N to 80°S. The vertical coverage of the measurements is from the tropopause to the mesopause (15-80 km). The range over which retrievals are valid is outlined in the help file. The BADC holds ISAMS data at level 3A and version 10 and ISAMS data at level 2 (uninterpolated profiles at measurement locations) and version 8, the latter has restricted access.
UK Met Office charts analyses pertaining to Mean Surface Level Pressure and 24 hour Weather Frontal Forecasting for the UK and Western Europe (see chart samples below). The charts have been produced by two systems at the Met Office and so are provided in two distinct datasets within this collection. The first set was delivered by the Met Office's GPCS Commercial Suite and covers the period 7th June 1999 to 24th June 2014. At this point the Met Office turned off that service and switched to providing images produced by the Met Office's SWIFT system using VisualWeather. These later data cover the period 30th June 2015 to present, though initially with some data gaps.
While the Amazon rainforest area has a known effect on precipitation and global water vapour circulation, it is still poorly understood. This is in part due to the lack and inconsistency in atmospheric observations in the area. This dataset holds the high resolution (0.5 x 0.5 deg; 8 vertical levels) monthly means of 5 atmospheric variables (air temperature, pressure, water vapour pressure, vertical velocity and horizontal wind speed) over the Amazon Basin for the period 1972 to 2009. This data is public and in particular, version 1.0 is citable (DOI: 10.5285/2dfce039-cd71-43b3-bed4-98978e78f1bb).
This dataset collection contains data from the ISB52 Improved Air Quality Forecasting project. The aim of the project was to develop a better understanding of air flow within the atmospheric boundary layer by gathering 3-dimensional air flow information using two identical Doppler lidars. The project compared parameters derived from the dual Doppler lidar measurements with inputs used in the UK Met Office air quality forecasting model. Field experiments were undertaken in March 2003 at Malvern and in July 2003 at RAF Northolt, West London, UK.
Southern Ocean Atmospheric Photochemistry Experiment 2 (SOAPEX-2) is primarily an experiment to study atmospheric cleansing by free radicals in extremely clean and slightly perturbed tropospheric air and focuses on a field campaign carried out at Cape Grim, Tasmania in January-February 1999. The dataset contains concentrations of atmospheric constituents such as halocarbons, hydrocarbons, methane, nitric oxide, and carbon monoxide. This dataset is public. Oxidation of almost all trace gases released into the atmosphere is initiated by hydroxyl (OH) radicals, produced mainly from the action of near-UV light on ozone in the presence of water vapour. Increasing evidence suggests that the oxidative capacity of the troposphere has been perturbed in recent years due to the emission of gases such as methane, carbon monoxide, non-methane hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides from man-made sources. These perturbations may be causing changes in the natural atmospheric composition, for instance increasing tropospheric levels of the greenhouse gas ozone, which has important consequences for climate and human health. It is also possible that the rates of oxidation of gases such as methane, and production of sulphate aerosols from the oxidation of sulphur dioxide, have been modified. Taken together a change in the oxidative capacity of the atmosphere has many consequences for the long-term stability of the Earth's climate. SOAPEX-2 builds upon the success of the original SOAPEX-I experiment conducted at Cape Grim in January/February 1995 which resulted in the publication of several papers to the literature on the relationship between concentrations of peroxy radicals and uv light levels in different NOx concentration regimes, and the consequences for ozone production and loss in the marine boundary layer. SOAPEX-2 is a more complete experiment with the addition of atmospheric measurements of key new species including hydroxyl, hydroperoxyl, halogen oxide and nitrate radicals, non methane hydrocarbons, speciated aldehydes, PAN and halocarbons. SOAPEX-2 involves four groups of tropospheric scientists from the UK and Australia, namely the Universities of East Anglia, Leeds and Leicester along with CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific Research Organisation), Melbourne. The clean air photochemistry experiment is an essential prerequisite for experiments carried out in more polluted atmospheres. The data obtained is allowing rigorous testing of basic mechanisms which describe the behaviour of free radical concentrations at differing light levels, water vapour and nitrogen oxide concentrations, etc. The measurements performed in this project are expected to yield valuable information on chemical changes that are affecting the oxidative capacity of the global troposphere and, therefore, the rate at which the global atmosphere can cleanse itself of pollutants. The measurements are also highly relevant to the situation in more polluted atmospheres, where increased levels of confidence in our understanding of atmospheric chemistry is an essential prerequisite to any legislation designed to reduce regional and global pollution. The specific objectives of SOAPEX-2 are: * To quantitatively test fast photochemical theory in clean air. * To examine perturbations from the baseline situation in polluted continental air containing more complex mixtures of free radical sources and sinks * Investigation of the balance between tropospheric O3 production and destruction in differing NOx regimes * A test of instrumental performance * Testing of models used to simulate chemical processes in the lower atmosphere which are deficient in their description of boundary layer processes