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The European AQUA Thermodynamic Experiment (EAQUATE) was a study of the atmosphere, the land surface and the ocean surface by means of a range of airborne high resolution souders, in conjunction with observations from the Aqua and Aura satellites. The EAQUATE archive held at the British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) includes data collected aboard the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements (FAAM) Bae 146 aircraft based at Cranfield, UK, during four flights in September 2004.
The Contrail Forecast Verification Experiment (COVEX) was a Met Office experiment to validate the new contrail forecasting techniques based on engine parameters and environmental conditions. It was based on a one-flight experiment on board the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Research (FAAM) aircraft, that took place in December 2004.
This project was a trial to test the operation of the NEON Infra-Red camera mounted on board the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements (FAAM) BAE-146 aircraft. The camera was used to detect the contrast between a runway and surrounding grass areas.
Measurements were made using the FAAM BAE-146 aircraft throughout the troposphere in the locality of the Tropospheric Organic Chemistry (TORCH) field campaign in Writtle, Essex to determine the influence of regional transport and local chemistry on ozone concentrations. The Production of Ozone of South-east England (POSE) project aimed to further the understanding of the factors governing ozone chemistry during summer periods in the UK. In particular, the relative sources of ozone: general Northern Hemisphere background, regionally produced products and local/in situ generation. The transport of pollutants from Europe within the boundary layer has been implicated in the very high levels of ozone seen in the UK during summer 2003. During the TORCH field campaign in Writtle, Essex, high levels of ozone and other reactive species were seen during the 2003 heatwave, and results suggest that this may be a result of mixing down of polluted air from aloft during the collapse of the night-time shallow inversion layer to form the day time boundary layer. In order to better understand this behaviour, the FAAM BAE-146 aircraft perfomed a series of profiles close to the Writtle site, to determine the influence of regional transport and local chemistry on ozone concentrations. Measurements included CO, ozone, hydrocarbons and oxygenated VOCs, throughout the troposphere.
CLOud Processing of regional Air Pollution advecting over land and sea (CLOPAP) is a NERC Polluted Troposphere Research Programme project (Round 1 - NER/T/S/2002/00147 - Duration 2002 - 2005) led by Prof. Tom Choularton, University of Manchester. CLOPAP is an aircraft measurement campaign using the FAAM BAe-146-301 aircraft to make measurements of the ageing of the London plume in the cloudy boundary layer. Measurements will be made of the evolution of trace gases, aerosol and cloud properties. These will be supported by modelling studies. The flights were scheduled to take place between March and September 2005.
Study of intercontinental transport of air pollutants by means of coordinated flights over the East coast of North America, the Azores and the West coast of Europe. ITOP was a component of the International Consortium for Atmospheric Research on Transport and Transformation (ICARTT), an international initiative which coordinates the efforts of various American and European groups who have developed plans for field campaigns in the summer of 2004, with the aim of improving our understanding of the factors determining air quality over the two continents and over remote regions of the North Atlantic. The British contribution to ITOP, referred to as ITOP-UK, was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) through the Upper Troposphere Lower Stratosphere (UTLS)-Ozone Directed Research Programme. The ITOP-UK dataset includes trajectories and other forecast products calculated by John Methven (University of Reading), based on European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) forecast wind fields, to support ICARTT flight planning, near-real-time chemical analyses produced by the University of Cambridge, and data collected aboard the FAAM Bae-146 aircraft in July and August 2004.
Atmospheric chemistry measurements were made during a series of campaign flights by the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements' (FAAM) BAE-146 research aircraft as part of the NERC funded RONOCO (ROle of Nighttime chemistry in controlling the Oxidising Capacity of the AtmOsphere) consortium project. These campaign data are available along with model output from the Met Office's Air Quality Unified Model (AQUM). The scientific objectives of RONOCO were to determine the morphology of tropospheric NO3 in different meteorological conditions and seasons, and in a range of gas phase and aerosol environments, in order to quantify the key processes and pathways of oxidized nitrogen chemistry at night in the troposphere. The ultimate aim was to assess the pervasiveness and importance of night time chemical processes, and in particular NO3, for UK regional and Western European air quality, eutrophication, and ultimately to quantify its linkages to climate change. The dataset contains images from the model output in png format.
The LAND EMISSivity experiment (LAND EMISS) aimed to study the thermal infrared emissivity of a range of different land surface types using the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements (FAAM) BAE-146 aircraft. The UK based campaign made use of the FAAM BAE-146 aircraft during early summer 2006 with an additional period of UK-based flying in summer 2007, and opportunities for flights over snow and ice were investigated.
The Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) instrument was launched on the METOP satellite in October 2006 (delayed from April 2006). The European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (Eumetsat) is providing funds for the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurement (FAAM) aircraft BAe146 to be involved in validation of IASI radiative transfer and some level 2 products. Flights were flown over oceans to coincide with METOP satellite overpasses. Further flights were flown low level over specific land calibration sites to characterise land surface emissivity. There were co-incident flights with other platforms including US ER-2 or Proteus aircraft and French high altitude balloon. This dataset contains FAAM flight tracks and flight summaries, it does not, however, contain data collected by IASI on the Metop satellite.
T-REX (Formerly SWRP - Sierra Wave Rotor Project) was a joint American/European project that took measurements of strong gravity wave activity and associated rotor activity beneath the waves in the lee of the Sierra Nevada mountains, California, USA. Measurements were made by three aircraft including the FAAM BAE-146 aircraft and many ground based instruments. The UK partners are the Met Office and the University of Leeds. Motivated by aviation safety issues, the main scientific objectives are to improve the understanding of the atmospheric conditions conducive to strong gravity wave activity, wave induced rotors and gravity wave breaking.