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The European AQUA Thermodynamic Experiment (EAQUATE) was a study of the atmosphere, the land surface and the ocean surface by means of a range of airborne high resolution souders, in conjunction with observations from the Aqua and Aura satellites. The EAQUATE archive held at the British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) includes data collected aboard the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements (FAAM) Bae 146 aircraft based at Cranfield, UK, during four flights in September 2004.
This project was a trial to test the operation of the NEON Infra-Red camera mounted on board the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements (FAAM) BAE-146 aircraft. The camera was used to detect the contrast between a runway and surrounding grass areas.
The Contrail Forecast Verification Experiment (COVEX) was a Met Office experiment to validate the new contrail forecasting techniques based on engine parameters and environmental conditions. It was based on a one-flight experiment on board the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Research (FAAM) aircraft, that took place in December 2004.
The LAND EMISSivity experiment (LAND EMISS) aimed to study the thermal infrared emissivity of a range of different land surface types using the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements (FAAM) BAE-146 aircraft. The UK based campaign made use of the FAAM BAE-146 aircraft during early summer 2006 with an additional period of UK-based flying in summer 2007, and opportunities for flights over snow and ice were investigated.
Measurements were made using the FAAM BAE-146 aircraft throughout the troposphere in the locality of the Tropospheric Organic Chemistry (TORCH) field campaign in Writtle, Essex to determine the influence of regional transport and local chemistry on ozone concentrations. The Production of Ozone of South-east England (POSE) project aimed to further the understanding of the factors governing ozone chemistry during summer periods in the UK. In particular, the relative sources of ozone: general Northern Hemisphere background, regionally produced products and local/in situ generation. The transport of pollutants from Europe within the boundary layer has been implicated in the very high levels of ozone seen in the UK during summer 2003. During the TORCH field campaign in Writtle, Essex, high levels of ozone and other reactive species were seen during the 2003 heatwave, and results suggest that this may be a result of mixing down of polluted air from aloft during the collapse of the night-time shallow inversion layer to form the day time boundary layer. In order to better understand this behaviour, the FAAM BAE-146 aircraft perfomed a series of profiles close to the Writtle site, to determine the influence of regional transport and local chemistry on ozone concentrations. Measurements included CO, ozone, hydrocarbons and oxygenated VOCs, throughout the troposphere.
CLOud Processing of regional Air Pollution advecting over land and sea (CLOPAP) was a NERC Polluted Troposphere Research Programme project (Round 1 - NER/T/S/2002/00147 - Duration 2002 - 2005) led by Prof. Tom Choularton, University of Manchester. CLOPAP was an aircraft measurement campaign using the FAAM BAe-146-301 aircraft to make measurements of the ageing of the London plume in the cloudy boundary layer. Measurements were made of the evolution of trace gases, aerosol and cloud properties. These were supported by modelling studies. The flights were scheduled to take place between March and September 2005. With an additional flight in September 2006. The dataset includes data from - core FAAM instruments. - from non-core instruments fitted for the campaign including the UMIST aerosol mass spectrometer, gas probes and particle physics instruments.
Atmospheric chemistry measurements were made during a series of campaign flights by the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements' (FAAM) BAE-146 research aircraft as part of the NERC funded RONOCO (ROle of Nighttime chemistry in controlling the Oxidising Capacity of the AtmOsphere) consortium project. These campaign data are available along with model output from the Met Office's Air Quality Unified Model (AQUM). The scientific objectives of RONOCO were to determine the morphology of tropospheric NO3 in different meteorological conditions and seasons, and in a range of gas phase and aerosol environments, in order to quantify the key processes and pathways of oxidized nitrogen chemistry at night in the troposphere. The ultimate aim was to assess the pervasiveness and importance of night time chemical processes, and in particular NO3, for UK regional and Western European air quality, eutrophication, and ultimately to quantify its linkages to climate change. The dataset contains images from the model output in png format.
The Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) instrument was launched on the METOP satellite in October 2006 (delayed from April 2006). The European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (Eumetsat) is providing funds for the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurement (FAAM) aircraft BAe146 to be involved in validation of IASI radiative transfer and some level 2 products. Flights were flown over oceans to coincide with METOP satellite overpasses. Further flights were flown low level over specific land calibration sites to characterise land surface emissivity. There were co-incident flights with other platforms including US ER-2 or Proteus aircraft and French high altitude balloon. This dataset contains FAAM flight tracks and flight summaries, it does not, however, contain data collected by IASI on the Metop satellite.
T-REX (Formerly SWRP - Sierra Wave Rotor Project) was a joint American/European project that took measurements of strong gravity wave activity and associated rotor activity beneath the waves in the lee of the Sierra Nevada mountains, California, USA. Measurements were made by three aircraft including the FAAM BAE-146 aircraft and many ground based instruments. The UK partners are the Met Office and the University of Leeds. Motivated by aviation safety issues, the main scientific objectives are to improve the understanding of the atmospheric conditions conducive to strong gravity wave activity, wave induced rotors and gravity wave breaking.
The objective of the ADIENT (Appraising the Direct Impacts of aErosol oN climaTe) project was quantifying the direct effect of aerosols on the Earth's radiation budget, via scattering and/or absorption of radiation. A primary task of the Oxford team in the ADIENT project was to provide satellite data in support of ADIENT FAAM aircraft measurement campaigns. This encompassed both aiding flight planning by providing information on where and when satellite overpasses occurred, and providing easily digestible aerosol fields from satellite sensors at near-real-time. GlobAEROSOL was an ESA Data User Element project aimed at providing a 10 year aerosol climatology from European satellite radiometers. The project is made use of the ATSR 2 instrument (on board ERS2), AATSR and MERIS (on board Envisat), and SEVIRI (on board Meteosat8). This data collection includes selected data from ATSR2 and AATSR as well as FAAM Flights data.