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ESA

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  • The data set provides calving front locations of major outlet glaciers of the Greenland Ice Sheet from SAR data from various sensors, produced as part of the ESA Greenland Ice Sheets Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. Version 1.1 of the dataset has been updated to include information from Sentinel 1 data. The Calving Front Location (CFL) of outlet glaciers from ice sheets is a basic parameter for ice dynamic modelling, for computing the mass fluxes at the calving gate, and for mapping glacier area change. From the ice velocity at the calving front and the time sequence of Calving Front Locations the iceberg calving rate can be computed which is of relevance for estimating the export of ice mass to the ocean. The calving front location has been derived by manual delineation based on SAR or optical satellite data. The CFL product is a collection of ESRI shapefile in latitude and longitude, on WGS84 projection. The basic data are vector line files (not polygons).

  • The European Space Agency's Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) instruments have been flown on board ERS-1, ERS-2 and the Advanced SAR (ASAR) on board Envisat. The ERS-1, ERS-2 and Envisat satellites, launched in 1991, 1995 and 2002 respectively, are ESA multi-payload, Earth observation satellites. This dataset contains Synthetic Aperture Radar(SAR) data from the European Remote Sensing satellites ERS-2. The ERS-1 mission began in 1991 and ended in 2000, and ERS-2 and Envisat are still ongoing. SAR provides high resolution images, ocean wave spectra data and wind direction vector data. They are available through the NEODC to UK based students only.

  • Radio propagation measurements at 40 GHz at Chilbolton, Hampshire for the ESA funded Large Scale Assessment of KA/Q band atmospheric channel using the ALPHASAT TDP5 Propagation beacon signal.

  • Soil Moisture data (version 04.7) from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Soil Moisture Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. This dataset collection contains three surface soil moisture datasets, alongside ancilliary data products. The ACTIVE and PASSIVE products have been created by fusing satellite scatterometer and radiometer soil moisture products respectively. In the case of the ACTIVE product, these have been derived from the AMI-WS and ASCAT satellite instruments and for the PASSIVE product from the satellite instruments SMMR, SSM/I, TMI, AMSR-E, WindSat, AMSR2 and SMOS. The COMBINED product is generated from the Level 2 active and passive instruments.. The homogenized and merged products present a global coverage of surface soil moisture at a spatial resolution of 0.25 degrees. The products are provided as global daily images, in NetCDF-4 classic file format, the PASSIVE and COMBINED products covering the period (yyyy-mm-dd) 1978-11-01 to 2019-12-31 and the ACTIVE product covering 1991-08-05 to 2019-12-31. The soil moisture data for the PASSIVE and the COMBINED product are provided in volumetric units [m3 m-3], while the ACTIVE soil moisture data are expressed in percent of saturation [%]. For information regarding the theoretical and algorithmic base of the datasets, please see the Algorithm Theoretical Baseline Document (ATBD). Other additional documentation and information documentation relating to the datasets can also be found on the CCI Soil Moisture project web site or in the Product Specification Document. The data set should be cited using the all of the following references: 1. Gruber, A., Scanlon, T., van der Schalie, R., Wagner, W., and Dorigo, W. (2019). Evolution of the ESA CCI Soil Moisture climate data records and their underlying merging methodology, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 11, 717–739, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-11-717-2019 2. Dorigo, W.A., Wagner, W., Albergel, C., Albrecht, F., Balsamo, G., Brocca, L., Chung, D., Ertl, M., Forkel, M., Gruber, A., Haas, E., Hamer, D. P. Hirschi, M., Ikonen, J., De Jeu, R. Kidd, R. Lahoz, W., Liu, Y.Y., Miralles, D., Lecomte, P. (2017). ESA CCI Soil Moisture for improved Earth system understanding: State-of-the art and future directions. In Remote Sensing of Environment, 2017, ISSN 0034-4257, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2017.07.001 3. Gruber, A., Dorigo, W. A., Crow, W., Wagner W. (2017). Triple Collocation-Based Merging of Satellite Soil Moisture Retrievals. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. PP. 1-13. 10.1109/TGRS.2017.2734070

  • Soil Moisture data (version 04.4) from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Soil Moisture Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. This dataset collection contains three surface soil moisture datasets, alongside ancilliary data products. The ACTIVE and PASSIVE products have been created by fusing scatterometer and radiometer soil moisture products respectively. In the case of the ACTIVE product, these have been derived from AMI-WS and ASCAT instruments and for the PASSIVE product from the instruments SMMR, SSM/I, TMI, AMSR-E, WindSat, AMSR2 and SMOS. The COMBINED product is generated from the Level 2 active and passive instruments.. The homogenized and merged products present a global coverage of surface soil moisture at a spatial resolution of 0.25 degrees. The products are provided as global daily images, in NetCDF-4 classic file format, the PASSIVE and COMBINED products covering the period (yyyy-mm-dd) 1978-11-01 to 2018-06-30 and the ACTIVE product covering 1991-08-05 to 2018-06-30. The soil moisture data for the PASSIVE and the COMBINED product are provided in volumetric units [m3 m-3], while the ACTIVE soil moisture data are expressed in percent of saturation [%]. For information regarding the theoretical and algorithmic base of the datasets, please see the Algorithm Theoretical Baseline Document (ATBD). Other additional documentation and information documentation relating to the datasets can also be found on the CCI Soil Moisture project web site or in the Product Specification Document. The data set should be cited using the all of the following references: 1. Dorigo, W.A., Wagner, W., Albergel, C., Albrecht, F., Balsamo, G., Brocca, L., Chung, D., Ertl, M., Forkel, M., Gruber, A., Haas, E., Hamer, D. P. Hirschi, M., Ikonen, J., De Jeu, R. Kidd, R. Lahoz, W., Liu, Y.Y., Miralles, D., Lecomte, P. (2017). ESA CCI Soil Moisture for improved Earth system understanding: State-of-the art and future directions. In Remote Sensing of Environment, 2017, ISSN 0034-4257, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2017.07.001 2. Gruber, A., Dorigo, W. A., Crow, W., Wagner W. (2017). Triple Collocation-Based Merging of Satellite Soil Moisture Retrievals. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. PP. 1-13. 10.1109/TGRS.2017.2734070 3. Liu, Y.Y., Dorigo, W.A., Parinussa, R.M., de Jeu, R.A.M. , Wagner, W., McCabe, M.F., Evans, J.P., van Dijk, A.I.J.M. (2012). Trend-preserving blending of passive and active microwave soil moisture retrievals, Remote Sensing of Environment, 123, 280-297, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2012.03.014 4. Gruber, A., Scanlon, T., van der Schalie, R., Wagner, W., and Dorigo, W.: Evolution of the ESA CCI Soil Moisture Climate Data Records and their underlying merging methodology, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2019-21, in review, 2019.

  • The ESA Climate Change Initiative Aerosol project has produced a number of global aerosol Essential Climate Variable (ECV) products from a set of European satellite instruments with different characteristics. This dataset comprises monthly images of Absorbing Aerosol Index (AAI), using the Multi-Sensor UVAI algorithm, Version 1.4.7. For further details about these data products please see the linked documentation.

  • The ESA Glaciers Climate Change Initiative (CCI) dataset consists of data produced by the ESA CCI Glaciers Project. The main objective of the Glaciers_cci project is to contribute to the efforts of creating a globally complete and detailed glacier inventory as requested in action T2.1 by GCOS (2006). This activity has two major parts: One is data creation (glacier outlines) in selected and currently still missing key regions, and the other one is in establishing a more consistent framework for glacier entity identification to enhance the integrity and error characterization of the available data sets. As meltwater from glaciers and ice caps provide a substantial contribution to global sea-level rise, the project will also create two additional products in selected key regions, elevation changes and velocity fields

  • The ESA Fire Climate Change Initiative (Fire_cci) project is producing long-term datasets of burned area information from satellites, as part of the ESA Climate Change Initiative. The data is of use for those interested in historical burned patterns, fire management and emissions analysis and climate change research, by providing a consistent burned area time series. Current datasets consist of maps of global burned area for the years 1982 to 2019. Products are available at different spatial resolutions: the Pixel product (at the original resolution of the sensor data) and the Grid product (0.25 degrees resolution), the latter of which is produced from the Pixel product. They are based upon spectral information from different sensors, and in many cases also thermal information from active fires. Global products: FireCCI41: Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) reflectance, on board the ENVISAT ESA satellite, 300m spatial resolution, and MODIS active fires. Temporal resolution: 2005 – 2011. FireCCI50: Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) reflectance and active fires, on board the TERRA satellite, 250m spatial resolution, temporal resolution: 2001 – 2016. FireCCI51: Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) reflectance and active fires, on board the TERRA satellite, 250m spatial resolution, temporal resolution: 2001 – 2019. FireCCILT10 (beta product): Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Land Long Term Data Record (LTDR) reflectance. Provided only as grid product. Temporal resolution: 1982-2017. Continental products: FireCCISFD11: Multispectral Instrument (MSI) reflectance, on board the Sentinel-2A satellite, 20 spatial resolution, and MODIS active fires. Temporal resolution: 2016, spatial coverage: Sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Soil Moisture data (version 03.3) from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Soil Moisture Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. This dataset collection contains three surface soil moisture datasets, alongside ancilliary data products. The 'Active' and 'Passive' products have been created by fusing scatterometer and radiometer soil moisture products respectively. In the case of the 'Active' product, these have been derived from AMI-WS and ASCAT satellite instruments and for the 'Passive' product from the instruments SMMR, SSM/I, TMI, AMSR-E, WindSat, AMSR2 and SMOS. The 'Combined Product' is then a blended product based on the former two data sets. The homogenized and merged products present a global coverage of surface soil moisture at a spatial resolution of 0.25 degrees. The products are provided as global daily images, in NetCDF-4 classic file format, the Passive and Combined products covering the period (yyyy-mm-dd) 1978-11-01 to 2016-12-31 and the Active product covering 1991-08-05 to 2016-12-31. The soil moisture data for the Passive and the Combined product are provided in volumetric units [m3 m-3], while the active soil moisture data are expressed in percent of saturation [%]. For information regarding the theoretical and algorithmic base of the datasets, please see the Algorithm Theoretical Baseline Document (ATBD). Other additional documentation and information documentation relating to the datasets can also be found on the CCI Soil Moisture project web site or in the Product Specification Document. The data set should be cited using all three of the following references: 1. Dorigo, W.A., Wagner, W., Albergel, C., Albrecht, F., Balsamo, G., Brocca, L., Chung, D., Ertl, M., Forkel, M., Gruber, A., Haas, E., Hamer, D. P. Hirschi, M., Ikonen, J., De Jeu, R. Kidd, R. Lahoz, W., Liu, Y.Y., Miralles, D., Lecomte, P. (2017). ESA CCI Soil Moisture for improved Earth system understanding: State-of-the art and future directions. In Remote Sensing of Environment, 2017, ISSN 0034-4257, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2017.07.001 2. Gruber, A., Dorigo, W. A., Crow, W., Wagner W. (2017). Triple Collocation-Based Merging of Satellite Soil Moisture Retrievals. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. PP. 1-13. 10.1109/TGRS.2017.2734070 3. Liu, Y.Y., Dorigo, W.A., Parinussa, R.M., de Jeu, R.A.M. , Wagner, W., McCabe, M.F., Evans, J.P., van Dijk, A.I.J.M. (2012). Trend-preserving blending of passive and active microwave soil moisture retrievals, Remote Sensing of Environment, 123, 280-297, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2012.03.014

  • Soil Moisture data (version 04.2) from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Soil Moisture Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. This dataset collection contains three surface soil moisture datasets, alongside ancilliary data products. The 'Active' and 'Passive' products have been created by fusing scatterometer and radiometer soil moisture products respectively. In the case of the 'Active' product, these have been derived from AMI-WS and ASCAT instruments and for the 'Passive' product from the instruments SMMR, SSM/I, TMI, AMSR-E, WindSat, AMSR2 and SMOS. The 'Combined Product' is then a blended product based on the former two data sets. The homogenized and merged products present a global coverage of surface soil moisture at a spatial resolution of 0.25 degrees. The products are provided as global daily images, in NetCDF-4 classic file format, the Passive and Combined products covering the period (yyyy-mm-dd) 1978-11-01 to 2016-12-31 and the Active product covering 1991-08-05 to 2016-12-31. The soil moisture data for the Passive and the Combined product are provided in volumetric units [m3 m-3], while the active soil moisture data are expressed in percent of saturation [%]. For information regarding the theoretical and algorithmic base of the datasets, please see the Algorithm Theoretical Baseline Document (ATBD). Other additional documentation and information documentation relating to the datasets can also be found on the CCI Soil Moisture project web site or in the Product Specification Document. The data set should be cited using the all three of the following references: 1. Dorigo, W.A., Wagner, W., Albergel, C., Albrecht, F., Balsamo, G., Brocca, L., Chung, D., Ertl, M., Forkel, M., Gruber, A., Haas, E., Hamer, D. P. Hirschi, M., Ikonen, J., De Jeu, R. Kidd, R. Lahoz, W., Liu, Y.Y., Miralles, D., Lecomte, P. (2017). ESA CCI Soil Moisture for improved Earth system understanding: State-of-the art and future directions. In Remote Sensing of Environment, 2017, ISSN 0034-4257, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2017.07.001 2. Gruber, A., Dorigo, W. A., Crow, W., Wagner W. (2017). Triple Collocation-Based Merging of Satellite Soil Moisture Retrievals. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. PP. 1-13. 10.1109/TGRS.2017.2734070 3. Liu, Y.Y., Dorigo, W.A., Parinussa, R.M., de Jeu, R.A.M. , Wagner, W., McCabe, M.F., Evans, J.P., van Dijk, A.I.J.M. (2012). Trend-preserving blending of passive and active microwave soil moisture retrievals, Remote Sensing of Environment, 123, 280-297, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2012.03.014