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University College London

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From 1 - 10 / 79
  • This UKCCSRC (UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre) Call 1 project involved the development, testing and validation of a two-fluid transient flow model for simulating outflow following the failure of high pressure CO2 pipelines is presented. The project made use of experimental data and used experimental data available from other UK/EC funded projects. The model developed accounts for thermal and mechanical non-equilibrium effects during depressurisation by utilising simple constitutive relations describing inter-phase mass, heat and momentum transfer in terms of relaxation to equilibrium. Pipe wall/fluid heat exchange on the other hand is modelled by coupling the fluid model with a finite difference transient heat conduction model. This paper describes the model, the details of its numerical solution and its validation as well as parametric analysis of relevant parameters. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1750583614002394, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.08.013. UKCCSRC grant UKCCSRC-C1-07.

  • Synchrotron X-radiography (images) and diffraction data collected to measure anelasticity of zinc. NERC grant NE/H016309/1 - Experimental determination of mantle rheology. NERC grant NE/L006898/1 - The strength of the lower mantle.

  • The partitioning coefficients of water between iron and silicate melts at 20, 50, 90 and 135 gigapascals (corresponding to 2800, 3500, 3900 and 4200 kelvin) were calculated by using ab initio molecular dynamics and thermodynamic integration techniques. The Gibbs free energy of a series of iron and silicate melts with different concentrations of H2/H2O were calculated. Then the chemical potentials of H2/H2O were derived from the concentration dependent Gibbs free energies at each pressure temperature. The partitioning coefficients can be calculated by equating the chemical potential of H2/H2O in iron and silicate melts. The Weeks-Chandler-Andersen (WCA) system with established thermodynamics was used as the reference.

  • Synchrotron X-radiography (images) and diffraction data collected to measure rheology of Quartz coesite and stishovite.

  • Cyclic loading stress-strain data in polycrystalline antigorite serpentinite, at various confining pressures and temperatures. This dataset is used and fully described/interpreted in the paper: David, E.C., N. Brantut, and G. Hirth, Sliding crack model for non-linearity and hysteresis in the triaxial stress-strain curve of rock, and application to antigorite deformation, submitted to J. Geophys. Res. Overview Rock type Vermont antigorite-rich (>95%) serpentinite. See submitted paper for details. The sample is isotropic. Apparatus Oil-medium triaxial apparatus (Rock Physics Ensemble, University College London). For description, see David el al. (2018), Absence of stress-induced anisotropy during brittle deformation in antigorite serpentinite, J. Geophys. Res., 123, 10616-10644. Griggs-type solid medium apparatus (Brown University). For description, see David, E.C., N. Brantut, and G. Hirth, Sliding crack model for non-linearity and hysteresis in the triaxial stress-strain curve of rock, and application to antigorite deformation, submitted to J. Geophys. Res., and references therein. Files description 1-existing data from David et al., JGR, 2018: The text file "Vermont-antigorite-roomT-150MPa-stress-strain-cyclicloading-UCLtriax" gives the axial stress (in direction 1, see submitted paper) and the axial strain (in percent, in direction 1, see submitted paper), at room temperature and 150 MPa confining pressure, in the oil triaxial apparatus at UCL. The mechanical data (stress, strain) have been corrected from internal friction and machine stiffness, respectively. The data are from David el al. (2018), Absence of stress-induced anisotropy during brittle deformation in antigorite serpentinite, J. Geophys. Res., 123, 10616-10644. 2-new data: The text file "Vermont-antigorite-roomT-1000MPa-stress-strain-cyclicloading-Griggsapparatus" gives the axial stress (in direction 1, see submitted paper) and the axial strain (in percent, in direction 1, see submitted paper), at room temperature and 1000 MPa confining pressure, in Griggs solid medium apparatus at Brown University. The mechanical data (stress, strain) have been corrected from internal friction and machine stiffness, respectively. The text file "Vermont-antigorite-400C-1000MPa-stress-strain-cyclicloading-Griggsapparatus" is the equivalent of the file described just above at a temperature of 400C. The text file "Vermont-antigorite-500C-1000MPa-stress-strain-cyclicloading-Griggsapparatus" is the equivalent of the file described just above at a temperature of 500C.

  • This is a blog (Final, 18.11.14) on the UKCCSRC (UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre) Call 1 project, Multi-Phase Flow Modelling for Hazardous Assessment. Grant number: UKCCSRC-C1-07.

  • Monthly time-series data of GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment) total terrestrial water storage (TWS), GLDAS (Global Land Data Assimilation System) soil moisture, surface water (surface runoff), snow water storage, and basin-aggregated observations from piezometric data for the Makutapora Basin (Tanzania) and Limpopo Basin (South Africa).

  • Rare earth element, major and minor element, and iron speciation data for nine independent sections in the Nama Group, described in detail in Wood et al., 2015, Precambrian Research, and Tostevin et al., 2016, Nature Communications. Additional data for Zebra River section include sulfur isotopes from carbonate associated sulfate (published in Tostevin et al, 2017, Precambrian Research); Uranium isotope data for carbonates (published in Tostevin et al., 2019, EPSL); Calcium isotope data for carbonates (unpublished).

  • This poster on the UKCCSRC Call 2 project, The Development and Demonstration of Best Practice Guidelines for the Safe Start-up Injection of CO2 into Depleted Gas Fields, was presented at the Cardiff Biannual, 10.09.14. Grant number: UKCCSRC-C2-183.

  • This collection includes the elastic calculations of the hcp-Fe-Si-S-C alloy system. NERC grant NE/M015181/1 - Pre melting in iron and iron alloys: ab initio calculations and high P-T experiments on iron, iron alloys and other materials