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From 1 - 10 / 1712
  • These climate projections for the North-West European Shelf Seas update the shelf seas component of UKCP09 Marine Report (Lowe et al, 2009) and were funded by the MINERVA project. This dataset contains ensemble statistics for model output based on the QUMP (Quantifying Uncertainties in Model Projections) ensemble of HadCM3 (Hadley Centre Coupled Model version 3) runs downscaled with the POLCOMS (Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory Coastal Ocean Modelling System) under SRES A1B (Special Report on Emissons Scenarios - A1B business-as-usual with medium emissions) conditions, from 1952-2098 for which 30-year means anomalies have been calculated from monthly mean data for each of the 12 months. A Perturbed Physics Ensemble (PPE) of HadCM3 has been downscaled with the shelf seas model POLCOMS. Each of the 11 ensemble members has been downscaled as transient simulations (from 1952-2098) under the SRES A1B emissions scenario. The PPE (QUMP) was designed to span the range of uncertainty associated with model parameter uncertainty in the atmosphere of the driving global climate model. POLCOMS was run at 12 km resolution, with 32 vertical levels using s-coordinates over the NW European Shelf Seas domain (-18.3 to 14 degrees East, 43 to 63.56 degrees North). Monthly statistics of the model results were recorded. Further details can be found in Tinker et al (2015).

  • The data provided here are the numerical simulation data for the historical natural-only forcings-only short experiment (2014 – 2015 inclusive) as a test case for the upgraded Met Office HadGEM3-A based operational event attribution system for EUCLEIA (European Climate and weather Events: Interpretation and Attribution). Improvements include higher horizontal and vertical resolution (N216 L85) and the latest dynamical core (ENDGame) and land surface model (JULES). External forcings are restricted to just historical natural variability of solar irradiance and volcanic aerosol optical depth. SST and SIC lower boundary conditions are provided from the HadISST observational dataset minus an estimate of the anthropogenic contribution derived from CMIP5 coupled model simulations. The experiment comprises a 15 member stochastic physics ensemble using kinetic energy backscatter and randomly perturbed physics schemes. Ensemble members are initialised from dumps taken from 0000Z December 1st 2013 at the end of the corresponding multi-decadal validation experiment.

  • The data provided here are the numerical simulation data for the historical forcings-only short experiment (2014 – 2015 inclusive) as a test case for the upgraded Met Office HadGEM3-A based operational event attribution system for EUCLEIA (European Climate and weather Events: Interpretation and Attribution). Improvements include higher horizontal and vertical resolution (N216 L85) and the latest dynamical core (ENDGame) and land surface model (JULES). External forcings are historical natural variability of solar irradiance and volcanic aerosol optical depth as well as historical anthropogenic prescriptions of GHGs, ozone, aerosols and land use change. SST and SIC lower boundary conditions are provided from the HadISST observational dataset. The experiment comprises a 15 member stochastic physics ensemble using kinetic energy backscatter and randomly perturbed physics schemes. Ensemble members are initialised from dumps taken from 0000Z December 1st 2013 at the end of the corresponding multi-decadal validation experiment.

  • These climate projections for the North-West European Shelf Seas update the shelf seas component of UKCP09 Marine Report (Lowe et al, 2009) and were funded by the MINERVA project. This dataset contains three ensemble exemplars for model output based on the QUMP (Quantifying Uncertainties in Model Projections) ensemble of HadCM3 (Hadley Centre Coupled Model version 3) runs downscaled with the POLCOMS (Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory Coastal Ocean Modelling System) under SRES A1B (Special Report on Emissons Scenarios - A1B business-as-usual with medium emissions) conditions, from 1952-2098 for which 30-year means anomalies have been calculated from monthly mean data for each of the 12 months. A Perturbed Physics Ensemble (PPE) of HadCM3 has been downscaled with the shelf seas model POLCOMS. Each of the 11 ensemble members has been downscaled as transient simulations (from 1952-2098) under the SRES A1B emissions scenario. The PPE (QUMP) was designed to span the range of uncertainty associated with model parameter uncertainty in the atmosphere of the driving global climate model. POLCOMS was run at 12 km resolution, with 32 vertical levels using s-coordinates over the NW European Shelf Seas domain (-18.3 to 14 degrees East, 43 to 63.56 degrees North). Monthly statistics of the model results were recorded. Further details can be found in Tinker et al (2015).

  • The data provided here are the numerical simulation data for the natural forcings-only version of the EUCLEIA multi-decadal experiment (1960 – 2013 inclusive) for the validation of the upgraded Met Office HadGEM3-A based operational event attribution system for EUCLEIA (European Climate and weather Events: Interpretation and Attribution). Improvements include higher horizontal and vertical resolution (N216 L85) and the latest dynamical core (ENDGame) and land surface model (JULES). External forcings are restricted to just historical natural variability of solar irradiance and volcanic aerosol optical depth. SST and SIC lower boundary conditions are provided from the HadISST observational dataset minus an estimate of the anthropogenic contribution derived from CMIP5 coupled model simulations. The experiment comprises a 15 member stochastic physics ensemble using kinetic energy backscatter and randomly perturbed physics schemes. All ensemble members share identical initialisation of the atmospheric state from ERA-40 reanalysis at 0000Z December 1st 1959. Atmospheric data are provided at temporal output resolutions of 3-hourly, 6-hourly, daily and monthly; land data are provided at daily and monthly resolutions.

  • This data set comprises a variety of meteorological parameters measured every three hours (some more recent data are at hourly intervals) at the ten North Atlantic Ocean Weather Ships for the periods listed below. OWS Alpha (1947 - 1974); OWS Bravo (1953 - 1973); OWS Charlie (1945 - 1981); OWS Delta (1945 - 1973); OWS India (1947 - 1975); OWS Juliet (1947 - 1975); OWS Kilo (1954 - 1975); OWS Lima (1975 - 1983); OWS Mike (1949 - 1982); OWS Romeo (1975 - 1980). Each OWS record contains data from Norway, the Netherlands, France, Sweden, Russia, the UK and the USA as appropriate. Six of the weatherships ceased operation in the mid-1970s. However data are still being collected by OWS Mike, Romeo, Charlie and Lima. More recent data from these ships may be obtained from the UK Meteorological Office.

  • The UK hourly weather observation data contain meteorological values measured on an hourly time scale. The measurements of the concrete state, wind speed and direction, cloud type and amount, visibility, and temperature were recorded by observation stations operated by the Met Office across the UK and transmitted within SYNOP, DLY3208, AWSHRLY and NCM messages. The sunshine duration measurements were transmitted in the HSUN3445 message. The data spans from 1875 to 2018. This version supersedes the previous version of this dataset and a change log is available in the archive, and in the linked documentation for this record, detailing the differences between this version and the previous version. The change logs detail new, replaced and removed data. For details on observing practice see the message type information in the MIDAS User Guide linked from this record and relevant sections for parameter types. This dataset is part of the Midas-open dataset collection made available by the Met Office under the UK Open Government Licence, containing only UK mainland land surface observations owned or operated by Met Office. It is a subset of the fuller, restricted Met Office Integrated Data Archive System (MIDAS) Land and Marine Surface Stations dataset, also available through the Centre for Environmental Data Analysis - see the related dataset section on this record. Note, METAR message types are not included in the Open version of this dataset. Those data may be accessed via the full MIDAS hourly weather data.

  • Range corrected lidar signal and volume depolarisation ratio data from the Met Office's Raymetrics LR111-D300 lidar located at Loftus, North Yorkshire. Data available from June 2018 onwards, though the instrument is only operated sporadically (see below for further details). This instrument is one of a suite of 10 Raman lidars deployed by the Met Office around the UK to complement a wider network of ceilometers within the "LIDARNET" upper air monitoring network. Returns from these instruments form a range of products for use in forecasting and hazard detection. The backscatter profiles can allow detection of aerosol species such as volcanic ash where suitable instrumentation is deployed. The primary aim of the Raman lidar network is the detection and quantification of volcanic ash aerosols during a volcanic event, and the network is only test fired only for a few hours each week. Outside of these times the lidars may be fired if there is a mineral dust outbreak or other such aerosol event of interest. The lidars will not fire if any precipitation is detected. Raman channel data are not presently available from this instrument in the CEDA archives.

  • The UK mean wind data contain the mean wind speed and direction, and the direction, speed and time of the maximum gust, all during 1 or more hours, ending at the stated time and date. The data were collected by observation stations operated by the Met Office across the UK and transmitted within the following message types: SYNOP, HCM, AWSHRLY, DLY3208, HWNDAUTO and HWND6910. The data spans from 1949 to 2017. For further details on observing practice, including measurement accuracies for the message types, see relevant sections of the MIDAS User Guide linked from this record (e.g. section 3.3 details the wind network in the UK, section 5.5 covers wind measurements in general and section 4 details message type information). This dataset is part of the Midas-open dataset collection made available by the Met Office under the UK Open Government Licence, containing only UK mainland land surface observations owned or operated by Met Office. It is a subset of the fuller, restricted Met Office Integrated Data Archive System (MIDAS) Land and Marine Surface Stations dataset, also available through the Centre for Environmental Data Analysis - see the related dataset section on this record.

  • Range corrected lidar signal and volume depolarisation ratio data from the Met Office's Raymetrics LR111-D300 lidar located at Camborne, Cornwall. Data available from June 2018 onwards, though the instrument is only operated sporadically (see below for further details). This instrument is one of a suite of 10 Raman lidars deployed by the Met Office around the UK to complement a wider network of ceilometers within the "LIDARNET" upper air monitoring network. Returns from these instruments form a range of products for use in forecasting and hazard detection. The backscatter profiles can allow detection of aerosol species such as volcanic ash where suitable instrumentation is deployed. The primary aim of the Raman lidar network is the detection and quantification of volcanic ash aerosols during a volcanic event, and the network is only test fired only for a few hours each week. Outside of these times the lidars may be fired if there is a mineral dust outbreak or other such aerosol event of interest. The lidars will not fire if any precipitation is detected. Raman channel data are not presently available from this instrument in the CEDA archives.