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In-situ airborne observations by the CASA 212 RS - INTA aircraft aircraft for UrbSense- Multi-sensor monitoring of the urban environment. (URBSENSE).
This dataset collection presents a global surface ozone compilation for long-term trends and ESM (Earth System Model) evaluation. The project (Process Based Earth System Model Evaluation) brought together all publicly available surface ozone observations from online databases from the modern era to build a consistent dataset for the evaluation of chemical transport and chemistry-climate (Earth System) models for projects such as the Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative (CCMI) and Aer-Chem-MIP. From a total dataset of approximately 6600 sites and 500 million hourly observations from 1971-2015, approximately 2200 sites and 200 million hourly observations pass screening as high-quality sites in regional background locations that are appropriate for use in global model evaluation. There was generally good data volume in the datasets since the start of air quality monitoring networks in 1990 through to 2013. Ozone observations are biased heavily toward North America and Europe with sparse coverage over the rest of the globe. This dataset collection was made available for the purposes of model evaluation as a set of gridded metrics intended to describe the distribution of ozone concentrations on monthly and annual timescales. This collection currently holds version 2.4 data only, but future versions may follow.
The UK Climate Impacts Programme 2002 (UKCIP02) comprises a set of four scenarios of future climate change produced for assessing climate change vulnerability, impacts and adaptation in the UK based on the understanding of the science of climate change in 2002. Data are provided at two resolutions 50km and 5km. The 5km resolution data are provided in both a gridded and time-series format. The four alternative future climates for the UK are labelled respectively, Low Emissions, Medium-Low Emissions, Medium-High Emissions and High Emissions. No probabilities can be attached to these four climate futures – in line with the IPCC, UKCIP02 do not suggest that one is more likely than another. While they represent a wide range of possible future climates, the UKCIP02 scenarios do not capture the entire range of future possibilities. The scenarios are designed to be used in conjunction with other UKCIP reports and products.
The Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) was organized under the auspices of Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate (AC&C), a project of International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) and Stratospheric Processes And their Role in Climate (SPARC) under International Geosphere Bisosphere Programme (IGBP) and World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). The Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACC-MIP) consists of several sets of simulations that have been designed to facilitate useful evaluation and comparison of the AR5 (Intergovernmental Committee on Climate Change Assessment Report 5) transient climate model simulations. The proposed list of experiments and diagnostics was aimed at providing necessary information for scientific studies spanning the AC&C interests. This dataset collection contains chemistry and climate model measurements.
The Hydrological Radar Experiment (HYREX) was a UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Special Topic which ran from May 1993 to April 1997. The broad aim of HYREX was to gain a better understanding of rainfall variability, as sensed by weather radar, and how this variability impacts on river flow at the catchment scale. Six projects were funded involving groups from CEH Wallingford (formerly the Institute of Hydrology), the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and the universities of London (Imperial College and University College), Newcastle, Reading (including the Joint Centre for Mesoscale Meteorology or JCMM) and Salford. The projects ranged from research on improved precipitation measurement using polarisation and vertical pointing radars, through network design of radar/raingauge networks and spatial-temporal modelling of rainfall fields, to rainfall forecasting based on stochastic and meteorological concepts. An overview of the six HYREX projects and a list of the members of the HYREX Steering Committee are available as separate documents. The experiment was centred on the Brue catchment in Southwest England. The common experimental infrastructure comprised two national network C-band radars at Wardon Hill (Doppler) and Cobbacombe Cross, a purpose-built dense raingauge network, an automatic weather station (AWS), an automatic soil water station (ASWS), and a river gauging station. These instruments have provided a continuous record throughout HYREX. Further instrumentation, deployed on an occasional basis, included an experimental S-band Doppler dual polarisation radar at Chilbolton and an associated line network of rapid-response raingauges (operated by Rutherford Appleton Laboratory), a transportable vertically pointing X- band radar (operated by the University of Salford), the UK Meteorological Office (UKMO) Research Flight and radiosonde network, and a disdrometer (operated by CEH Wallingford). The JCMM provided output from special runs of the UKMO Unified Model (UM). Infrastructure support was provided by the UKMO, the Environment Agency (EA), NERC, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) and the water utilities. The occasional deployment of some instruments was scheduled to coincide with a number of one or two day Intense Observing Periods (IOPs), triggered by meteorologically interesting conditions, during which radiosonde ascents and aircraft overflights were made, and for which special runs of the Unified Model were made.
The longest available instrumental record of temperature in the world is now available from CEDA-BADC. The monthly series of temperature begins in 1659 and the daily data starts in 1772. Seasonal series are also available. The mean, minimum and maximum datasets are updated monthly, with data for a month usually available by the 3rd of the next month. A provisional CET value for the current month is calculated on a daily basis. The mean daily data series begins in 1772 and the mean monthly data in 1659. Mean maximum and minimum daily and monthly data are also available, beginning in 1878. These historical temperature series are representative of the Midlands region in England, UK (a roughly triangular area of the United Kingdom enclosed by Bristol, Lancashire and London). Manley (1953,1974) compiled most of the monthly series, covering 1659 to 1973. These data were updated to 1991 by Parker et al (1992), when they calculated the daily series. Both series are now kept up to date by the Climate Data Monitoring section of the Hadley Centre, Met Office. Since 1974 the data have been adjusted by 0.1-0.3 degree C to allow for urban warming. The Met Office have also been compiling Maximum, Minimum and Mean Daily Central England Temperatures data files since January 1878. The following stations are used by the Met Office to compile the CET data: Rothamsted, Malvern, Squires Gate and Ringway. But in November 2004, the weather station Stonyhurst replaced Ringway and revised urban warming and bias adjustments have now been applied to the Stonyhurst data after a period of reduced reliability from the station in the summer months. The data set is compiled by the Met Office Hadley Centre.
These data consist of sets of 3-dimensional gridpoint analyses of the stratosphere which are produced by the Met Office using data from the TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS) instruments onboard the NOAA (National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration) operational polar orbiters. TOVS consists of 3 instruments, the Stratospheric Sounding Unit (SSU) the Microwave Sounding Unit (MSU) and the High Resolution Infrared Sounder (HIRS). Daily radiance and geopotential height data are available on a 5 degree latitude / longitude global grid from December 1978 to April 1997. Software is provided to derive potential vorticity. Access permission required so that PI can monitor usage of data.
The Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) is one of 10 instruments aboard the Upper Research Satellite (UARS). The HALOE instrument was built by an instrument team based at NASA Langley and launched on the UARS on 12th September 1991. Data collection began on 11th October 1991 until 21st November 2005. The Principal Investigator (PI) is Dr James M. Russell III. The HALOE experiment uses solar occultation to measure vertical profiles of ozone (O3), hydrogen chloride (HCl), Hydrogen Fluoride (HF), methane (CH4), water vapour (H2O), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), aerosol extinction, and temperature versus pressure with an instantaneous vertical field of view of 1.6 km at the Earth limb. The instrument achieves near-global coverage with measurements sweeping between high latitudes in one hemisphere and high latitudes in the other over a period of between 2 and 6 weeks. The latitude range covered by the instrument varies over the course of the year between 80°S and 80°N. The maximum northerly and southerly latitudes occur in spring and autumn in the few weeks either side of the equinoxes. The range of altitude of the measurements depends on the channel being used, but measurements cover the stratosphere and lower mesosphere and, in the case of the nitric oxide channel, extend into the lower thermosphere. HALOE studies the dynamics of polar and other atmospheric regions using the tracers, HF, CH4 and H2O. Studying the trends in HCl and HF will help distinguish the relative importance of anthropogenic versus natural chlorine sources and analyse in detail the development and recovery of the Antarctic ozone hole. Additional studies are intended to identify and assess stratosphere-troposphere exchange. The BADC holds HALOE data at level 2 (uninterpolated profiles at measurement locations), version 19 for the period 11th Ocotber 1991 to 21st November 2005. The BADC also holds the HALOE level 3A version 19 data spanning the time period from 11th October 1991 through 21st December 2000. HALOE L3 data is public. Updates through to September 24, 2001 are available directly from GSFC NASA. The HALOE level 3A data are vertical profiles of methane (CH4), hydrogen chloride (HCl), hydrogen fluoride (HF), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), water vapor (H2O), ozone (O3), temperature (TEMP), and aerosol extinction (AEXTCH4, AEXTHCL, AEXTHF and AEXTNO), interpolated onto a standard set of vertical levels evenly spaced in pressure, and onto standard times (level 3AT) and standard latitudes (level 3AL). The vertical scan range is from about 10 to 65 km, and the vertical resolution is approximately 2.5 km between pressure levels.
While the Amazon rainforest area has a known effect on precipitation and global water vapour circulation, it is still poorly understood. This is in part due to the lack and inconsistency in atmospheric observations in the area. This dataset holds the high resolution (0.5 x 0.5 deg; 8 vertical levels) monthly means of 5 atmospheric variables (air temperature, pressure, water vapour pressure, vertical velocity and horizontal wind speed) over the Amazon Basin for the period 1972 to 2009. This data is public and in particular, version 1.0 is citable (DOI: 10.5285/2dfce039-cd71-43b3-bed4-98978e78f1bb).
The Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder (ISAMS) measured vertical profiles of temperature and a number of atmospheric constituents. ISAMS was built by an instrument team based at Oxford University and launched on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) on 12th September 1991 and operated until July 1992. The Principal Investigator is Prof. Frederick Taylor. ISAMS is an infra-red radiometer, which observes thermal emission from the Earth's limb. The technique of pressure modulator radiometry is used to derive vertical profiles of temperature, mixing ratios of carbon monoxide (CO), water vapour (H2O), methane (CH4), ozone (O3), nitric acid (HNO3), dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) and aerosol extinction. Further details can be found in the help file written at the BADC. The data coverage extends from 80°S to 80°N, but at any one time this is usually restricted to 34°S to 80°N or 34°N to 80°S. The vertical coverage of the measurements is from the tropopause to the mesopause (15-80 km). The range over which retrievals are valid is outlined in the help file. The BADC holds ISAMS data at level 3A and version 10 and ISAMS data at level 2 (uninterpolated profiles at measurement locations) and version 8, the latter has restricted access.