Carbon dioxide

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  • This dataset comprises ECLIPSE input decks for a 3D reservoir simulation of the CO2 plume at the Sleipner CO2 injection site. This whole reservoir model is an attempt to history match the growth of the plume observed on seismic data. A seismic velocity and density model derived from the 3D reservoir simulation is also included, together with a series of Seismic Unix scripts to create a synthetic seismic section through the Sleipner reservoir model, for comparison with released time-lapse seismic data.

  • UKCCSRC Flexible Funding 2020. Experimental data are the acoustic emission (AE) signals collected with three AE sensors when CO2 leak from a CO2 storage cylinder under different pressures. '5MPa_20kgh-1' means the data was collected when the pressure was 5MPa and the leakage rate was 20 kg/h. The sampling frequency of AE signals is 3MHz. UKCCSRC Flexible Funding 2020: Monitoring of CO2 flow under CCS conditions through multi-modal sensing and machine learning.

  • The supporting data for C. Harris et al., 2021, 'The impact of heterogeneity on the capillary trapping of CO2 in the Captain Sandstone', International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. We supply experimental and numerical simulation data used in the paper. The supplied codes reproduce each figure. The codes are split into 2 folders, descriptions of each of the folders are given below: 0 - README. This contains detailed instructions on using the supplied files. 1 - Main simulations. This contains the code to produce the main CMG (Computer Modelling Group) simulations outlined in the paper, with various input variable files. 2 - Other figures. This contains the code to produce other figures within the paper which do not rely on numerical simulations, including the experimental data.

  • This study was carried out jointly by the University of Birmingham and the British Geological Survey. The report addresses the feasibility of using novel quantum-technology-based gravity sensors to monitor underground CO2 storage. Of particular interest is the applicability to upcoming near-surface leak monitoring trials that the British Geological Survey will be conducting at its test site. UKCCSRC Flexible Funding 2021: Feasibility study into Quantum Technology based Gravity Sensing for CCS

  • UKCCSRC Flexible Funding 2020. The experimental data was collected on a 1-inch bore gas-liquid two-phase CO2 flow rig in real time. The first column of the table is the time stamp. The second to 19th columns are the mass flowrates, temperatures, densities and tube frequencies from Coriolis flowmeters installed on the gas phase section, liquid phase section, horizontal test section and vertical test section, respectively. The last column of the datafile is the reading from the differential pressure (DP) transducer installed across the Coriolis flowmeter on the horizontal test section. UKCCSRC Flexible Funding 2020: Monitoring of CO2 flow under CCS conditions through multi-modal sensing and machine learning.

  • This Microsoft Excel document contains 8 worksheets providing data produced by research as part of EPSRC Grant #EP/K036033/1. These data are presented and discussed in the manuscript "The Inherent Tracer Fingerprint of Captured CO2." by Flude, S. Györe, D., Stuart, F.M., Zurakowska, M., Boyce, A.J., Haszeldine, S., Chalaturnyk, R., and Gilfillan, S. M. V. (Currently under review at IJGGC). Data include samples collected, gas concentrations, stable isotope data and noble gas data. This data relates to publication

  • During the drilling of an exploration well in the 1960s, an underground blowout occurred near Sleen, The Netherlands. During approximately 25 months, near-continuous leakage of large amounts of natural gas was released into the subsurface. After the blowout, the local drinking water production company installed a network of groundwater monitoring wells to monitor for possible adverse effects on groundwater quality at the blowout site. Today, more than 50 years after the blowout, the groundwater is still impaired. Data has been correlated with previously published data by Schout et al. (2018) covering description of geology and well depths. During two fieldtrips (November 2019 & October 2020) water samples were collected from several wells covering: - Bulk gas compositions (methane, ethane, propane, oxygen, nitrogen, CO2, Argon). Bulk isotope compositions of methane (δ13C & δH), carbon dioxide (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N). - Methane clumped isotope compositions (ΔCD & ΔDD). - Inorganic parameters (hydrocarbons, anions, cations, DOC, alkalinity, nitrate and ammonium). The dataset was created within SECURe project (Subsurface Evaluation of CCS and Unconventional Risks) - This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 764531.

  • These data were collected to study oxidative weathering processes in the Waiapu River catchment, New Zealand, with potential carbon release sourced from the oxidation of petrogenic organic carbon or carbonate dissolution coupled to the oxidation of sulfide minerals. There, in mudstones exposed in a highly erosive gully complex, in situ CO2 emissions were measured with drilled gas accumulation chambers following the design by Soulet et al. (2018, Biogeosciences 15, 4087-4102, Temporal and spatial variability in CO2 flux can be put in context with environmental changes (e.g., temperature and hydrology). For this, CO2 release from 5 different chambers, which were installed over a transect of ~ 10 m length in a gully above a nearby streambed, was measured several times over a short study period (circa one week). In addition, the gaseous CO2 storage (partial pressure) in the shallow weathering zone was measured prior to a CO2 flux measurement. To understand the source of CO2, gas samples were collected and their stable and radioactive carbon isotope compositions determined. In this process, we identified a contaminant, which was associated with the chamber installation, that can be traced in the gas samples that were collected within 4 days following the installation. Details of the subsequent data analysis and interpretation can be found in: Roylands et al. 2022, Chemical Geology: Capturing the short-term variability of carbon dioxide emissions from sedimentary rock weathering in a remote mountainous catchment, New Zealand. This work was supported by the European Research Council (Starting Grant to Robert G. Hilton, ROC-CO2 project, grant 678779).

  • The Borzęcin natural gas reservoir has been producing gas since the 1970s. The natural gas reservoir is located in the Zielona Góra basin, in the Polish part of the European Permian Basin. The reservoir is within the Rotligend sandstones and Zechstein carbonates and is capped by the Zechstein evaporites. Gas generation is proposed to be from the Carboniferous organic deposits with later migration into the Permian In May 2019, 2 wells at the Borcezin site were sampled for methane gas analyses. The following analyses were conducted: - Gas composition (C1-C5, CO2, N2, H2S, Ar) and and stable isotope analyses (methane δ13C and δD, CO2 δ13C, δ15N) - Methane clumped isotope analyses (Δ13CD and ΔDD) The dataset was created within SECURe project (Subsurface Evaluation of CCS and Unconventional Risks) - This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 764531

  • A dataset is presented for defining real-time CO2 frost formation in a vertical packed column. ECT could estimate the internal permittivity distribution of the sensing area through boundary measurements. The ECT system used in this work includes sensors, data acquisition system and a computer with imaging software. The excitation signal is a sine wave with 14 Vp-p and 200k Hz frequency. One measurement electrode is chosen for excitation; other electrodes are used to acquire the signal separately. The frame rate of the ECT system is 714 frames per second. The temperature of the bed material is recorded using thermocouples and data loggers, the thermocouples are inserted into the capture column from the top of the column and are adjusted to an appropriate height above the horizontal mixed gas injector. Using the thermocouples above and below the ECT sensor helped to estimate when frost formation would be occurring within the region of bed material that the ECT sensor was measuring. The presence of this plateau in the temperature profiles identifies that CO2 frost is forming within the bed and has reached an equilibrium. We include data of ECT capacitance and temperature during the whole progress. It was found that the temperature, packing material and component of mixer gas all effect the ECT measurement. This dataset could be used to withstand extreme low temperature conditions or in desublimation processes, and its potential application to decarbonise the marine transport is significant to avoid costs if using new infrastructure for ammonia or hydrogen manufacture. Our results indicate that ECT has potential to be a novel technique for monitoring dynamic CO2 frost formation during cryogenic carbon capture. The associated report is included in the data too. Accompanying paper: Preliminary study of CO2 frost formation during cryogenic carbon capture using tomography analysis - ScienceDirect,