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European Space Agency (ESA)

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  • Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) mission was funded jointly by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change External Link (DECC) and the Australian Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research External Link (DIISR). This dataset contains the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer on ESA ERS-2 satellite (ATSR-2) Spatially Averaged Sea Surface Temperature Product for Meteo Users. These data are the Level 2 product designed for the use by meteorological offices derived from Level 2 AST product. The product contains only the sea surface temperature with spatial resolution of 10 arc minutes. It also contains the Average Brightness Temperature (ABT) fields, which includes brightness temperature and TOA sea record on the same spatial resolution. Like the AST product this product is derived from, all areas contains data, where the land pixels have empty data, and the coasts containing averages derived only from the sea pixels in the cell. The third reprocessing was done to implement the updated algorithms, processors, and auxiliary files.

  • Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR) mission was funded jointly by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change External Link (DECC) and the Australian Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research External Link (DIISR). This dataset contains the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer on ESA ERS-1 satellite (ATSR-1) L3U product. These data were introduced product in the third reprocessing of (A)ATSR multimission data. These data were produced by the new ARC L2P processor version 1.2 that also produced the new L2P data. The L3U product was produced through averaging the L2P data onto a regular grid at 30 arcminute resolution. Hence, the L3U product is similar to the AST/METEO product.

  • The European Space Agency's Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) instruments have been flown on board ERS-1, ERS-2 and the Advanced SAR (ASAR) on board Envisat. The ERS-1, ERS-2 and Envisat satellites, launched in 1991, 1995 and 2002 respectively, are ESA multi-payload, Earth observation satellites. This dataset contains Synthetic Aperture Radar(SAR) data from the European Remote Sensing satellites ERS-2. The ERS-1 mission began in 1991 and ended in 2000, and ERS-2 and Envisat are still ongoing. SAR provides high resolution images, ocean wave spectra data and wind direction vector data. They are available through the NEODC to UK based students only.

  • Advanced Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR) mission was funded jointly by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change External Link (DECC) and the Australian Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research External Link (DIISR). This dataset contains the Advanced Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR) on ESA ENVISAT satellite Gridded Surface Temperature (GST) product. These data are the Level 2 full spatial resolution (approximately 1 km by 1 km) geophysical product derived from Level 1B product and auxiliary data. The contents of the pixel fields, which are a mixture of Top of Atmosphere (TOA) and surface brightness temperature/radiance, are switch-able depending on the surface type. The third reprocessing was done to implement updated algorithms, processors (the IPF Processor 6.05 from the IPF Processor 6.01), and auxiliary files.

  • The Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) is one of the ten instruments on board the Envisat satellite launched on the 28th of February 2002 from Kourou (French Guyana) and operated by the European Space Agency (ESA). MERIS is a 68.5 deg field-of-view nadir-pointing imaging spectrometer which measures the solar radiation reflected by the Earth in 15 spectral bands (visible and near-infrared). It obtains a global coverage of the Earth in 3 days. Its main objective is to measure the sea colour and quantify the ocean chlorophyll content and sediment, thus providing information on the ocean carbon cycle and thermal regime. It is also used to derive the cloud top height, cloud optical thickness, aerosol and water vapour column. The ground spatial resolution of the instrument is 260 m x 290 m. Only reduced resolution data (1.04 km x 1.16 km) are archived at the NEODC. This dataset contains Level 1B reprocessed radiances MERIS product.

  • The Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) is one of the ten instruments on board the Envisat satellite launched on the 28th of February 2002 from Kourou (French Guyana) and operated by the European Space Agency (ESA). MERIS is a 68.5 deg field-of-view nadir-pointing imaging spectrometer which measures the solar radiation reflected by the Earth in 15 spectral bands (visible and near-infrared). It obtains a global coverage of the Earth in 3 days. Its main objective is to measure the sea colour and quantify the ocean chlorophyll content and sediment, thus providing information on the ocean carbon cycle and thermal regime. It is also used to derive the cloud top height, cloud optical thickness, aerosol and water vapour column. The ground spatial resolution of the instrument is 260 m x 290 m. Only reduced resolution data (1.04 km x 1.16 km) are archived at the NEODC. This dataset contains Level 2 retrieved parameters MERIS product.

  • Data from the Along Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR-1) instrument on the ERS-1 platform operational between 1991 and 1996. The ATSR is an imaging radiometer providing images of the Earth from space. The ERS (Earth Resources Satellite) program was funded by and operated by ESA and was the first main ESA EO data campaign. ATSR-1 was placed on the ERS1 platform and ATSR-2 was on the ERS-2 platform. The ATSR-1 and 2 instruments were followed by the Advanced Along Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR) on the ENVISAT platform in 2002. The ATSR-1 instrument has been designed for exceptional sensitivity and stability of calibration, which are achieved through the incorporation of several innovative features in the instrument design. This design has, among other things, enabled the accurate measurement of sea surface temperature to an accuracy of +/- 0.3K. The design of the ATSR instrument incorporates a dual view made possible by the rotating scan mirror. There is a nadir view and then a subsequent along track view. These provide 2 images per scan and allow improved estimate of atmospheric attenuation. This coupled with the inclusion of consistent calibration using on-board black bodies allows for the collection of extremely radiometrically accurate data. The data are Level1 Ungridded Brightness Temperatures (UBT). The data are in SADIST-2 format and CEDA is the primary archive for this data. The UBT product provides scenes for both nadir and forward views with a swath width of 512km and a ground pixel distance of 1km. This dataset is superseded by the AATSR Multimission ATSR-1 data set that involved reprocessing this data with improved calibration and cloud masking and is available in a number of reprocessings so consistent with ENVISAT format data.

  • Advanced Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR) mission was funded jointly by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change External Link (DECC) and the Australian Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research External Link (DIISR). This dataset contains version 1.1 AATSR Multimission land and sea surface temperature data. The instrument uses thermal channels at 3.7, 10.8, and 12 microns wavelength; and reflected visible/near infra-red channels at 0.555, 0.659, 0.865, and 1.61 microns wavelength. Level 1b products contain gridded brightness temperature and reflectance. Level 2 products contain land and sea-surface temperature, and NDVI at a range of spatial resolutions. The third reprocessing was done to implement updated algorithms, processors, and auxiliary files. The data were acquired by the European Space Agency's (ESA) Envisat satellite, and the NERC Earth Observation Data Centre (NEODC) mirrors the data for UK users.

  • This dataset collection contains land monitoring data from the Multispectral Instrument (MSI) on the European Space Agency (ESA) Sentinel 2B satellite. Sentinel 2B was launched on 7th March 2017 and provides sun-synchronous platform for the multispectral imaging data. The instrument uses 13 spectral bands from visible to the near infrared to obtain images with a swath width of 290km. Level 1C processing provides Top-Of-Atmosphere (TOA) reflectances in cartographic geometry. A further processing level, bottom-of-atmosphere (BOA) reflectance in cartographic geometry (prototype product) can be produced by the user with the Sentinel 2 toolbox. The BOA mode allows for the accurate assessment of biophysical parameters e.g. Leaf Area Index, with reduced cloud interference.

  • This dataset collection contains radar data from the C-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) on the European Space Agency (ESA) Sentinel 1B satellite. Sentinel 1B was launched on 25th April 2016 and provides continuous all-weather, day and night imaging radar data. Three acquisition modes are available: Stripmap (SM), Interferometric Wide swath (IW), and Extra Wide swath (EW). The main operational mode is IW. The EW mode is primarily used for wide area coastal monitoring. The SM mode is only used on special request for extraordinary events such as emergency management. The SM, IW and EW modes are available in single (HH or VV) and dual (HH+HV or VV+VH) polarisation. The C-band Synthetic Aperture Radar images the Earth with enhanced frequency and revisit times obtaining full Earth coverage every two weeks. Timeliness and reliability is optimized for emergency response and operational applications with Europes’s coastal zones and shipping routes being monitored on a daily basis. The data has a wide range of scientific applications including sea-ice monitoring, imaging of forests and investigation into the carbon cycle, and the analysis of earthquakes. Data are provided by the European Space Agency (ESA) and are made available via CEDA to any registered scientific user in the UK.