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Landmap

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  • Colour InfraRed (CIR) imagery for most of England and Wales collected between 2006 and 2010 at 50cm resolution by Bluesky, and then acquired by the Landmap project. The data were collected using digital cameras mounted underneath planes. The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) funded Landmap service which ran from 2001 to July 2014 collected and hosted Earth Observation satellite data for the majority of the UK, part of which was CIR data. After removal of JISC funding in 2013, the Landmap service is no longer operational, with the data now held at the NEODC. The data are split into 100x100km regions that correspond to Ordnance Survey grid reference squares, and are available in GeoTiff format. Some regions are also available in ecw (Enhanced Compression Wavelet) format. Colour InfraRed imagery consists of imagery in three bands – Near InfraRed (NIR), red and green. CIR can be used study the health and variation of vegetation coverage as NIR rays are reflected at the bottom of leaves rather than the top, as with green. To aid with this, images were captured at times when plants were expected to be in full leaf. The invisible near infrared light of CIR can be "seen" by shifting it and the primary colours over so that near infrared wavelengths become visible as red while red wavelengths appear as green and green as blue. Blue wavelengths are shifted out of the visible portion of the spectrum and so they appear as black. On CIR imagery vegetation appears red while water generally appears black with artificial structures like buildings and roads showing as a light blue-green. When using these data please also include the following copyright statement: © GeoPerspectives supplied by Bluesky yyyy

  • The Building Class data provides detailed information about residential housing types including the house age and structural type. This information can be used for urban regeneration studies, crime monitoring, urban flooding and urban gardens. These data were collected by The GeoInformation Group (TGG), primarily through interpretation of high-resolution aerial photography, as part of the Cities Revealed project. The data were subsequently acquired by the Landmap project. The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) funded Landmap service which ran from 2001 to July 2014 collected and hosted a large amount of earth observation data for the majority of the UK, part of which was buildings data. After removal of JISC funding in 2013, the Landmap service is no longer operational, with the data now held at the NEODC. When using these data please also add the following copyright statement: Cities Revealed © The GeoInformation Group yyyy

  • Aerial photography obtained from The Geoinformation Group's (TGG) Cities Revealed project, acquired by the Landmap project, is available for over 65% of the UK's population, from 1969 to 2010. The imagery has a high resolution of 5-25cm. The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) funded Landmap service which ran from 2001 to July 2014 collected and hosted a large amount of earth observation data for the majority of the UK. After removal of JISC funding in 2013, the Landmap service is no longer operational, with the data now held at the NEODC. When using these data please also add the following copyright statement: Cities Revealed © The GeoInformation Group yyyy

  • Thermal imagery for selected areas of England was taken by a FLIR SC 6000 HS thermal camera mounted on a specially designed survey aircraft over the course of 2009 and 2010 by The GeoInformation Group (TGG) as part of the Cities Revealed project. The data were then acquired by the Landmap project. Positioning data were also recorded so that the thermal data could be accurately geolocated in post-processing. The thermal imagery is available as mosaiced img, geotiff or jpeg files for the following areas: Bournemouth, Bradford, Braintree, Coventry, Eastleigh, Gateshead, Gloucester, Gosport, Lewisham, Newcastle, Newcaste-under-lyme, North Tyneside, Poole, Southampton, Southwark, Surrey Heath and Wolverhampton. The thermal data were captured between 7pm to 11pm to avoid solar activity which would produce false readings and when most houses would be heated, in cold (less than 10C) dry weather so that the temperature differential between indoors and outdoors was maximum. The thermal camera has a resolution of <0.02C. The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) funded Landmap service which ran from 2001 to July 2014 collected and hosted a large amount of earth observation data, such as thermal imagery, for the majority of the UK. After removal of JISC funding in 2013, the Landmap service is no longer operational, with the data now held at the NEODC. When using these data please also add the following copyright statement: Cities Revealed © The GeoInformation Group yyyy

  • Topsat images acquired by the Landmap project from Infoterra are available for selected areas in the following countries and locations: Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Botswana, Cameroon, China, Croatia, Egypt, Farasan Islands, Ghana, Honduras, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Krakatau, Mali, Mexico, Nigeria, Nile Delta, Palestine, Patagonia, Russia and Santa Cruz Island. Data are available as panchromatic or multispectral, in Tiff, ecw (Enhanced Compression Wavelet) and JPEG formats. The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) funded Landmap service which ran from 2001 to July 2014 collected and hosted a large amount of earth observation data for the majority of the UK. After removal of JISC funding in 2013, the Landmap service is no longer operational, with the data now held at the NEODC.

  • Raw Landsat 4/5 data covering the UK were acquired from Infoterra by the Landmap project. Landmap subsequently orthorectified and mosaiced the images. Two types of image data from the satellite are available for the UK from 1988 to 1992: MultiSpectral Scanner (MSS) and Thematic Mapper (TM). Landsat 4 and 5 carry both the MSS and the TM sensors; however, routine collection of MSS data was terminated in late 1992. The MSS and TM sensors primarily detect reflected radiation from the Earth's surface in the visible and near-infrared (IR) wavelengths, but the TM sensor with its seven spectral bands provides more radiometric information than the MSS sensor. The Landsat Program is one of the longest running programmes for image acquisition from space, first launched in 1972 the program is managed between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and NASA. Eight satellites have so far been launched, the most recent being Landsat 8, on February 11th, 2013. Landsat satellite imagery offers a unique resource for global change research and applications in agriculture, geology, forestry, regional planning, education, and national security. The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) funded Landmap service which ran from 2001 to July 2014 collected and hosted a large amount of earth observation data for the majority of the UK. After removal of JISC funding in 2013, the Landmap service is no longer operational, with the data now held at the NEODC. When using these data please also add the following copyright statement: Original Landsat 4 & 5 Landsat data copyright NOAA. Distributed by CHEST under licence from Infoterra International.

  • The Kinematic GPS (KGPS) data provide accurate high-resolution locational data of approximately 6400 km of roads in Great Britain using circular and/or linear transect data collected during two fieldwork campaigns carried out by the Landmap project team in order to validate the various Landmap image and elevation products. When processed, this data yields accurate 3-D coordinates that can be used for quality assessment purposes. Kinematic GPS is a technique used to enhance the precision of standard GPS, using a reference receiver of known location, such as a main road, to make corrections to the standard GPS-determined location yielding centimetre-level accuracy. The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) funded Landmap service which ran from 2001 to July 2014 collected and hosted a large amount of earth observation data for the majority of the UK, part of which was buildings data. After removal of JISC funding in 2013, the Landmap service is no longer operational, with the data now held at the NEODC.

  • 10 to 20m resolution panchromatic imagery is available for the UK and Ireland from 1986 to 1995 (from SPOT 1, 2 and 3 satellites). They are isolated scenes captured over an extended time period. The data were acquired by the Landmap project from Infoterra. The SPOT satellite Earth Observation System was designed by the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), in France. There have been 7 SPOT (Satellite Pour l'Observation de la Terre) satellites launched since 1986 (as of August 2014), providing medium to high resolution of the Earth's surface. SPOT 1, 2 and 3 carried a multi-spectral and panchromatic sensor on board. SPOT 4 was successfully launched in March 1998. The first three SPOT satellites carry twin HRVs (High-Resolution Visible Imaging instruments) that operate in a number of viewing configurations and in different spectral modes. Some of those viewing configurations and spectral modes include one HRV only operating in a dual spectral mode (i.e. in both panchromatic mode and multispectral mode); two HRVs operating in the twin-viewing configuration (i.e. one HRV in panchromatic mode and one HRV in multispectral mode); and two HRVs operating independently of each other (i.e. not in twin-viewing configuration). The position of each HRV entrance mirror can be commanded by ground control to observe a region of interest. Operating independently of each other, the two HRVs acquire imagery in either multispectral (XS) and/or panchromatic (P) modes at any viewing angle within plus or minus 27 degrees. This off-nadir viewing enables the acquisition of stereoscopic imagery. To make sure the satellite covers every point on the earth's surface, the HRV imaging instruments offer a field of view that is wider than the greatest distance between two adjacent tracks. The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) funded Landmap service which ran from 2001 to July 2014 collected and hosted a large amount of earth observation data for the majority of the UK. After removal of JISC funding in 2013, the Landmap service is no longer operational, with the data now held at the NEODC. When using these data please also include the following copyright statement on any reproduced SPOT images: CNES (year of reproduction of the data from the satellite), reproduced by................................................. under licence from SPOT IMAGE

  • Landsat 7 imagery was acquired by the Landmap project from Infoterra. Landsat 7 satellite is equipped with an Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) instrument, developed by Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing in Santa Barbara, California. Imagery is available for the whole of the UK from 1999 to 2001 at 15m resolution for the panchromatic and 25m resolution for the band 1-3 and 1-7 GeoTiff images. The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) funded Landmap service which ran from 2001 to July 2014 collected and hosted a large amount of earth observation data for the majority of the UK. After removal of JISC funding in 2013, the Landmap service is no longer operational, with the data now held at the NEODC. When using these data please also add the following copyright statements: Copyright University of Manchester/University College London Year 2001. Original Landsat 7 Distributed by Infoterra International.

  • Level 1 Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS) Phased Array type-L band Synthetic Aperture Radar (PALSAR) data were acquired from ESA by the Landmap project and processed to produce greyscale 8 and 32-bit geotiff imagery for the UK and Republic of Ireland from 2007-2009. The UK data are projected onto the British National Grid whereas the Republic of Ireland data are projected onto the Irish National Grid. PALSAR is an active microwave sensor using L-band (2GHz) frequency and produces various products of different resolutions and performance. PALSAR data can be acquired during day or night, increasing the temporal coverage of data for a particular spatial extent. PALSAR is also unaffected by cloud cover allowing a better coverage of satellite data. PALSAR collects data in 4 different modes. The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) funded Landmap service which ran from 2001 to July 2014 collected and hosted a large amount of earth observation data for the majority of the UK. After removal of JISC funding in 2013, the Landmap service is no longer operational, with the data now held at the NEODC. When using these data please also add the following copyright statement: © ESA 2004/2005/2006/2007/2008…. Received and Distributed by University of Manchester under licence from the European Space Agency