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The European Arctic Stratospheric Ozone Experiment is a European Commission (EC) measurement campaign undertaken in the Northern Hemisphere winter of 1991-92 to study ozone chemistry and dynamics. This dataset contains vertical column measurements of NO2, O3 and OClO.
The Meteorological Research Flight (MRF) was a Met Office facility, which flew a well-instrumented C-130 Hercules aircraft for atmospheric research purposes. This dataset contains airborne atmospheric and chemistry measurements taken on board the Met Office C-130 Hercules aircraft flight A751 for the Atmospheric Chemistry and Transport of Ozone in the upper troposphere-lower stratosphere (UTLS) (ACTO) campaign. The flight was a transit from Boscombe to Prestwick. The main purpose was to investigate a filament of air (with UTLS origins), which had been apparent on the PV forecasts from ECMWF (interpretation by John Methven). The flight was very successful. In particular, the filament of air was located with relative ease. The filament was initially traversed during the ascent to the first level run. The filament position was then confirmed from the water vapour image, details of which were sent to the aircraft via satcom. A rectangular flight plan was carried out at FL230, with legs approximately along the axis of the filament, across the filament and along the outside of the filament. A triangular pattern was flown at the subsequent level, with the final leg running at a slight angle across the filament, such that the edge of the filament was crossed slowly. The filament was apparent in many of the measurements: low humidity, low CN, high ozone (up to around 100ppb), higher PCASP aerosol and high NOy. Other features were apparent near the filament region including air parcels having some evidence of more recent pollution (higher NO and NO2). Hence, further investigation will be required to understand the origins of these parcels. A number of flask samples (37) were also collected for subsequent analysis, There were a few instrument errors prior to flight. The CO and the HCHO were both unserviceable and the FWVS was not fitted. It is hoped that some of the other parameters may be used as tropospheric tracers instead of CO (aerosols, Leeds GC hydrocarbons, bottle sample-hydrocarbons (including methane), bottle sample GC-MS analysis and possible bottle sample CO). Meteorology The meteorological situation was dominated by a large ridge of high pressure, stretching from the Azores to Scandinavia. A weak warm front was analysed on the midday Met. Office Chart, oriented from SW to NE, stretching from 50N, 15W to Scandinavia. There was little cloud associated with the front: mainly a line of stratocumulus with some embedded cumulus (the largest having tops at 25,000ft). The main features appeared to be marked by a gradient in humidity, which was apparent on the water vapour satellite image. "
The UK hourly weather observation data contain meteorological values measured on an hourly time scale. The measurements of the concrete state, wind speed and direction, cloud type and amount, visibility, and temperature were recorded by observation stations across the UK and transmitted within SYNOP, METAR, DLY3208, AWSHRLY and NCM messages. The sunshine duration measurements were transmitted in the HSUN3445 message. The data spans from 1875 to present. This dataset also contains data from a selection of overseas sites: SRC_ID STATION STATUS LAST DATA 1580 GUTERSLOH CLOSED 28/10/2013 13:00 1582 BRUGGEN CLOSED 29/09/2001 05:00 1584 LAARBRUCH CLOSED 14/05/1999 23:00 1585 GIBRALTAR, NORTH FRONT OPEN 03/02/2020 09:00 1588 AKROTIRI, CYPRUS OPEN 03/02/2020 09:00 1603 ASCENSION ISLAND AIRFIELD OPEN 02/02/2020 21:00 1605 BOTTOMS WOOD, ST HELENA OPEN 03/02/2020 09:00 1608 PORT STANLEY, FALKLAND IS CLOSED 31/12/1980 23:00 1609 MOUNT PLEASANT, FALKLAND IS OPEN 03/02/2020 09:00 56810 MOUNT OLYMPUS OPEN 16/04/2019 09:00 61737 MOUNT KENT, FALKLAND ISLANDS OPEN 03/02/2020 09:00 61743 MOUNT BYRON, FALKLAND ISLANDS OPEN 03/02/2020 09:00 61744 MOUNT ALICE, FALKLAND ISLANDS OPEN 02/02/2020 05:00
The UK daily rainfall data describe the rainfall accumulation and precipitation amount over a 24 hour period. The data are collected by observation stations across the UK and transmitted within the following message types: WADRAIN, NCM, AWSDLY, DLY3208, SSER and WAMRAIN. The data spans from 1853 to present.
CCMVal was a large international effort to improve understanding of Chemistry-Climate Models (CCMs) and their underlying GCMs (General Circulation Models) through process-oriented evaluation, along with discussion and coordinated analysis of science results. The first round of CCMVal (CCMVal-1) evaluated only a limited set of key processes in the CCMs, focusing mainly on dynamics and transport. This dataset contains model CCSR/NIES output from the WMO 2006 REF1 experiment run by the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Tokyo, Japan model.
The Meteorological Research Flight (MRF) was a Met Office facility, which flew a well-instrumented C-130 Hercules aircraft for atmospheric research purposes. This dataset contains airborne atmospheric and chemistry measurements taken on board the Met Office C-130 Hercules aircraft flight A753 for the Atmospheric Chemistry and Transport of Ozone in the upper troposphere-lower stratosphere (UTLS) (ACTO) campaign. The flight was located over the Irish sea. The purpose of the flight was to investigate further the various filaments of air that were sampled in flight A752. That is polluted air, having origins in the Mediterranean region; clean marine boundary layer air; ozone-rich, dry upper tropospheric air (from upper tropospheric jet) and also polluted boundary layer air, which has been uplifted from N. America. The region should be very structured having many different characteristics. The filaments of air were expected to be aligned zonally, sloping downwards to the North. The flight was successful in that some of the filaments were found. However, the filaments were not found in the expected area. During a level hold at FL160 (for air traffic) and at the beginning of the first run at FL170 (NOxy calibrations), a dry ozone-rich filament was sampled. Later during the same run, air with moderately high ozone (around 70 ppb), high relative humidity and elevated peroxide was observed. At the subsequent level (FL240) ozone mixing ratios were generally lower (around 45-50 ppb) and the CN count was elevated (2500). However, during the turn at ca. 12:10 on FL240 (SE corner of the flight), another dry, ozone-rich filament was found. A further filament was expected to the North but this was not found. Towards the end of the flight further investigations were made at FL170, in order to try to find the first area of high ozone air (i.e. the air that was sampled during the first NOxy cal run). This air was found but interestingly, the ozone-rich dry air also correlated with high PAN and black carbon. The instruments generally worked well. The FWVS was adjusted in flight and then found to maintain a good correlation with the GE. Neither the CO nor the HCHO were flown due to previously existing faults. There was a problem with the peroxide pump but this was not until the end of the flight. Meteorology The meteorological situation was dominated by high pressure, centred to the north of Scotland. The south of the country was in a more showery regime. However, not much cloud was observed during flight: small cumulus, broken stratocumulus and some cirrus, were observed at times.
The UK soil minimum temperature (1959-1970) data describe daily measurements of bare soil minimum temperatures. The measurements were recorded by observation stations across the UK and transmitted within DLY3208 messages. The data span from 1959 to 1970, but these temperatures have not been reported since 1970.
"The Quantitative applications of high-resolution late Holocene proxy data sets: estimating climate sensitivity and thermohaline circulation influences" project, part of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) RAPID Climate Change Research Programme, was led by Prof Keith Briffa of the University of East Anglia and co-investigators at the University of East Anglia (Round 1 - NER/T/S/2002/00440 - Duration 1 Jul 2003 - 30 Jun 2008). This dataset contains self-calibrating Palmer Drought Severity Index data.
The Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition (AASE) which was based in Stavanger, Norway during January and February, 1989, was designed to study the production and loss mechanisms of ozone in the north polar stratospheric environment, and the effect on ozone distribution of the Arctic polar vortex and of the cold temperatures associated with the formation of Polar Stratospheric Clouds (PSC). This dataset contains ozone measurements taken on board the NIMBUS 7 Satellite.
CCMVal was a large international effort to improve understanding of Chemistry-Climate Models (CCMs) and their underlying GCMs (General Circulation Models) through process-oriented evaluation, along with discussion and coordinated analysis of science results. The first round of CCMVal (CCMVal-1) evaluated only a limited set of key processes in the CCMs, focusing mainly on dynamics and transport. This dataset contains GEOSCCM model output from the WMO 2006 REF1 experiment run by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).