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chemistry

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  • The SAGE II (Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II) sensor was launched into a 57 degree inclination orbit aboard the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS) in October 1984. During each sunrise and sunset encountered by the orbiting spacecraft, the instrument used the solar occultation technique to measure attenuated solar radiation through the Earth's limb in seven channels centered at wavelengths ranging from 0.385 to 1.02 micrometers. Version 6.1 data are available from October 1984 through July 2000, in the form of index files and spec files, with software to assist processing in IDL. Version 6.2 data continue through to August 2005. The update from 6.1 to 6.2 rectifies an altitude registration problem, and there is an improvement to the water vapour product. More information about the data is available from the SAGE II web site of the NASA Langley Research Center. Version 1 contained SAGE II monthly mean global colour image maps and the relevant gridded data for aerosol extinction at 1020 nm, 525 nm, 453 nm and 385 nm wavelength, ozone mixing ratio, water vapour mixing ratio and relative humidity, nitrogen dioxide mixing ratio at up 14 pressure levels, for the period January 1985 to December 1993. As the original SAGE II measurements were made at geometrical heights, meteorological data from the National Meteorological Center (NMC) were used to determine the actual pressure heights for the SAGE II profile data and also have been used to calculate the relative humidity. For easy reference, the NMC atmospheric temperature, geometrical altitude and tropopause data used in the determination of SAGE II data are also included. Users of the image/data version 1.0 products need to be aware that these meteorological data are not measured by the SAGE II instrument itself.

  • The overall aim of the UK Surface Ocean / Lower Atmosphere Study (UK SOLAS) is to advance understanding of environmentally significant interactions between the atmosphere and ocean, focusing on material exchanges that involve ocean productivity, atmospheric composition and climate. The knowledge obtained will improve the predictability of climate change and give insights into the distribution and fate of persistent pollutants. The dataset contains biological and chemical measurements such as: major nutrients and trace metal concentrations in aerosol and rain samples, chemical analyses of inorganic micro-nutrients, dissolved and particulate trace metal and carbon analyses, dissolved nitrogen and organic phosphate, biological measurements including phytoplankton pigments, bacteria, picoplankton and larger phytoplankton abundance.

  • The Aberystwyth Egrett Experiment: Gravity Waves, Turbulence, Mixing and Filamentation in the Tropopause Region is a Upper Troposphere Lower Stratosphere (UTLS) Round 2 project led by Dr J. Whiteway and Dr G. Vaughan, Department of Physics, University of Wales, Aberystwyth. This dataset contains airborne measurements, by the Egrett aircraft, of turbulence, ozone, water vapour and CH4.

  • The overall aim of the UK Surface Ocean / Lower Atmosphere Study (UK SOLAS) is to advance understanding of environmentally significant interactions between the atmosphere and ocean, focusing on material exchanges that involve ocean productivity, atmospheric composition and climate. The knowledge obtained will improve the predictability of climate change and give insights into the distribution and fate of persistent pollutants. The dataset contains biological and chemical measurements such as: major nutrients and trace metal concentrations in aerosol and rain samples, chemical analyses of inorganic micro-nutrients, dissolved and particulate trace metal and carbon analyses, dissolved nitrogen and organic phosphate, biological measurements including phytoplankton pigments, bacteria, picoplankton and larger phytoplankton abundance.

  • Supporting model output from the Met Office's Air Quality Unified Model (AQUM) were made available to participants during the NERC funded RONOCO (ROle of Nighttime chemistry in controlling the Oxidising Capacity of the AtmOsphere) consortium project. The overall objective of this consortium project was to advance substantially our understanding of night-time chemical processes and their impacts on the troposphere through a combined programme of instrument development, airborne measurements and numerical modelling. This dataset contains model output images of chemical species. These data cover 2011 period only.

  • ClearfLo (Clean Air for London) Project was a collaborative scientific project involving several academic institutions in the UK, which aimed to set up air pollution monitoring sites alongside meteorological measurements to investigate boundary layer pollution across London. This dataset contains NAME airmass footprint images and measurements of ammonia, carbon dioxide, methane, carbon monoxide, nitrogen, nitrogen oxide and ozone at the BT-Tower, London.

  • The Aberystwyth Egrett Experiment: Gravity Waves, Turbulence, Mixing and Filamentation in the Tropopause Region is a Upper Troposphere Lower Stratosphere (UTLS) Round 2 project led by Dr J. Whiteway and Dr G. Vaughan, Department of Physics, University of Wales, Aberystwyth. This dataset contains atmospheric CFC measurements from the University of Cambridge DIRAC gas chromatograph onboard the Egrett aircraft.

  • Supporting model output from the Met Office's Air Quality Unified Model (AQUM) were made available to participants during the NERC funded RONOCO (ROle of Nighttime chemistry in controlling the Oxidising Capacity of the AtmOsphere) consortium project. The overall objective of this consortium project was to advance substantially our understanding of night-time chemical processes and their impacts on the troposphere through a combined programme of instrument development, airborne measurements and numerical modelling. This dataset contains model output images of chemical species. These data cover 2010 period only.

  • ClearfLo (Clean Air for London) Project was a collaborative scientific project involving several academic institutions in the UK, which aimed to set up air pollution monitoring sites alongside meteorological measurements to investigate boundary layer pollution across London. This dataset contains NAME airmass footprint images and measurements of ammonia, nitrate, sulphate, chloride and carbon monoxide at North Kensington, London.

  • ClearfLo (Clean Air for London) Project was a collaborative scientific project involving several academic institutions in the UK, which aimed to set up air pollution monitoring sites alongside meteorological measurements to investigate boundary layer pollution across London. This dataset contains and measurements of ozone and carbon monoxide at Chilbolton Observatory.