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  • HadUK-Grid is a collection of gridded climate variables derived from the network of UK land surface observations. The data have been interpolated from meteorological station data onto a uniform grid to provide complete and consistent coverage across the UK. These data at 1km resolution have been averaged across a set of discrete geographies defining UK river basins consistent with data from UKCP18 climate projections. The dataset spans the period from 1862 to 2017, but the start time is dependent on climate variable and temporal resolution. The grids are produced for daily, monthly, seasonal and annual timescales, as well as long term averages for a set of climatological reference periods. Variables include air temperature (maximum, minimum and mean), precipitation, sunshine, mean sea level pressure, wind speed, relative humidity, vapour pressure, days of snow lying, and days of ground frost. This data set supersedes the UKCP09 gridded observations. Subsequent versions may be released in due course and will follow the version numbering as outlined by Hollis et al. (2018, see linked documentation). The primary purpose of these data are to facilitate monitoring of UK climate and research into climate change, impacts and adaptation. The datasets have been created by the Met Office with financial support from the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) and Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) in order to support the Public Weather Service Customer Group (PWSCG), the Hadley Centre Climate Programme, and the UK Climate Projections (UKCP18) project. The data recovery activity to supplement 19th and early 20th Century data availability has also been funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC grant ref: NE/L01016X/1) project "Analysis of historic drought and water scarcity in the UK". The dataset is provided under Open Government Licence.

  • A set of European Climate Indices calculated from UKCP Global (60km) projections from 1900-2100 under RCP8.5 produced by the Met Office in 2018 including: 1. Daily Atlantic jet stream latitude and strength 2. Daily 'weather pattern' classification - time-series of 1-8 or 1-30 weather patterns which are based on a classification scheme for the large scale synoptic situation. 3. Winter North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index - annual time series represents the seasonal mean NAO as the sea level pressure gradient between Gibraltar and Iceland.

  • Data were collected from the 12th of September 2006 to the 30th of June 2011 by the HALO photonics Doppler lidar at Chilbolton Observatory, Hampshire. The dataset contains measurements attenuated backscatter coefficients of aerosols within the atmosphere, as well as the radial and Doppler velocity of these particles. Plots of the attenuated backscatter coefficient at different heights, and of the Doppler velocity of particles are also available.

  • Global climate model projections for the CMIP5 RCP8.5 emissions scenario produced as part of the UK Climate Projection 2018 (UKCP18) project. Data has been produced by the UK Met Office Hadley Centre, and provides information on changes in 21st century climate for the UK, helping to inform adaptation to a changing climate. The set of 28 projections is a combination of 15 coupled model simulations produced by the Met Office Hadley Centre, and 13 coupled simulations from CMIP5 contributed by different climate modelling centres. This data set provides information on changes in climate across the entire globe from 1900 to 2100 for RCP8.5. Each projection provides an example of climate variability in a changing climate, which is consistent across many climate variables at different times and spatial locations. This dataset contains regional averages for 23 river basin regions across the UK.

  • The data are simulated instantaneous sea surface elevations above time-mean sea level due to tides alone (tideAnom) and due to tide and meteorological surge (tideSurgeAnom). The data were produced by the Met Office Hadley Centre, using data made available by the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) and the Climate Model Intercomparison Project, phase 5 (CMIP5). The data were produced to investigate the impact of simulated atmospheric storminess change on extreme sea levels. To produce the data, atmospheric winds and pressure from the SMHI Regional Atmospheric Model RCA4 was used to drive the CS3 continental shelf model. The data are the resulting simulated sea surface elevations. Five CMIP5 RCP8.5 simulations were downscaled in this way: EC-EARTH, HadGEM2-ES, MPI-ESM-LR, IPSL-CM5A-MR, CNRM-CM5. The data covers the period 2007 to 2099, and applies to the UK coast.

  • Range corrected lidar signal and volume depolarisation ratio data from the Met Office's Raymetrics LR111-D300 lidar located at Lerwick, Shetland Isles. Data available from July 2018 onwards, though the instrument is only operated sporadically (see below for further details). This instrument is one of a suite of 10 Raman lidars deployed by the Met Office around the UK to complement a wider network of ceilometers. Returns from these instruments form a range of products for use in forecasting and hazard detection. The backscatter profiles can allow detection of aerosol species such as volcanic ash where suitable instrumentation is deployed. The primary aim of the Raman lidar network is the detection and quantification of volcanic ash aerosols during a volcanic event, and the network is only test fired only for a few hours each week. Outside of these times the lidars may be fired if there is a mineral dust outbreak or other such aerosol event of interest. The lidars will not fire if any precipitation is detected. Raman channel data are not presently available from this instrument in the CEDA archives.

  • HadUK-Grid is a collection of gridded climate variables derived from the network of UK land surface observations. The data have been interpolated from meteorological station data onto a uniform grid to provide complete and consistent coverage across the UK. The data sets cover the UK at 1km x 1km resolution. These 1km x 1km data have been used to provide a range of other resolutions and across countries, administrative regions and river basins to allow for comparison to data from UKCP18 climate projections. The dataset spans the period from 1862 to 2017, but the start time is dependent on climate variable and temporal resolution. The grids are produced for daily, monthly, seasonal and annual timescales, as well as long term averages for a set of climatological reference periods. Variables include air temperature (maximum, minimum and mean), precipitation, sunshine, mean sea level pressure, wind speed, relative humidity, vapour pressure, days of snow lying, and days of ground frost. This data set supersedes the UKCP09 gridded observations. Subsequent versions may be released in due course and will follow the version numbering as outlined by Hollis et al. (2018, see linked documentation). The primary purpose of these data are to facilitate monitoring of UK climate and research into climate change, impacts and adaptation. The datasets have been created by the Met Office with financial support from the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) and Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) in order to support the Public Weather Service Customer Group (PWSCG), the Hadley Centre Climate Programme, and the UK Climate Projections (UKCP18) project. The data recovery activity to supplement 19th and early 20th Century data availability has also been funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC grant ref: NE/L01016X/1) project "Analysis of historic drought and water scarcity in the UK". The dataset is provided under Open Government Licence.

  • An international long-term collaboration to study the climatic and environmental feedback mechanisms involved in the African monsoon, and in some of its consequences on society and human health. The programme, which started in 2004, has developed a network of ground-based observation stations over Sub-Saharan West Africa to measure heat flux and, for some stations, CO2 and H2O vapour fluxes. Files also include concomitant meteorological measurements (wind, temperature, pressure, humidity, rainfall) and soil physics parameters (soil temperature and moisture). The UK branch of AMMA makes use of several instruments provided by the UK Universities Facility for Atmospheric Measurement (UFAM) which are centred on the Niamey meso-site. The Facility for Airbourne Atmospheric Measurements (FAAM) aircraft was used during the July-August 2006 campaign.

  • The data are simulated 21st century trends in the one-year return level (i.e. the location parameter) of skew surge due to simulated atmospheric storminess change only. No mean sea level change is included. The data were produced to investigate the magnitude of this component of extreme sea level change and to give an estimate of the minimum uncertainty in this component. To produce the data, atmospheric storminess data from five CMIP5 models was downscaled by the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute regional climate model RCA4 and used to drive the National Oceanography Centre/Met Office storm surge model CS3. The 5 largest simulated skew surges in each year were identified and a 4-parameter joint probability distribution (including a linear trend in location parameter over time) was fitted. The data given here are the trends in the location parameter from 2007 to 2099. By construction the scale parameter does not change and so the same trend applies to all return periods. The data covers the UK coast.

  • This data represents the probabilistic climate projections component of the past (observed) and future climate scenario projections data, produced as part of the UK Climate Projections 2018 (UKCP18) project. Data has been produced by the UK Met Office Hadley Centre, and provides information on changes in 21st century climate for the UK, helping to inform adaptation to a changing climate. The data represents anomalies with respect to the baseline periods 1961-1990, 1981-2000 and 1981-2010, and cover the period 1 Dec 1960 to 30 Nov 2099. Gridded data on a 25km grid over the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands is provided. The Probabilistic Projections were updated on 4th August 2022, to make improvements to the methodology to improve: consistency between maximum, minimum and mean temperature; consistency in the downscaling; statistical treatment of precipitation particularly at the wet and dry extremes; representation of annual and decadal variability; and adjustment of the data in the 1981-2000 baseline period to ensure the anomalies average to zero. The combination of the improvements means that all variables are modified to some degree. For more information, please refer to the UKCP news article and the documents it links to.