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Water concentration as a function of position in silicates from diffusion couple experiments. Data can be used to determine diffusivity of water in the silicate melt. Also numerical model for analysis of dataset and associated user guide.

This is supporting data for the manuscript entitled 'DFENS: Diffusion chronometry using Finite Elements and Nested Sampling' by E. J. F. Mutch, J. Maclennan, O. Shorttle, J. F. Rudge and D. Neave. Preprint here: https://doi.org/10.1002/essoar.10503709.1 Data Set S1. ds01.csv Electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) profile data of olivine crystals used in this study. Standard deviations are averaged values of standard deviations from counting statistics and repeat measurements of secondary standards. Data Set S2. ds02.csv Plagioclase compositional profiles used in this study, including SIMS, EPMA and step scan data. Standard deviations for EPMA analyses are averaged values of standard deviations from counting statistics and repeat measurements of secondary standards. Standard deviations for SIMS and step scan analyses are based on analytical precision of secondary standards. Data Set S3. ds03.csv Angles between the EPMA profile and the main olivine crystallographic axes measured by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). 'angle100X' is the angle between the [100] crystallographic axis and the x direction of the EBSD map, 'angle100Y' is the angle between [100] crystallographic axis and the y direction of the EBSD map, and 'angle100Z' is the angle between the [100] crystallographic axis and the z direction in the EBSD map etc. 'angle100P' is the angle between the EPMA profile and the [100] crystallographic axis, 'angle010P' is the angle between the EPMA profile and the [010] crystallographic axis, and 'angle100P' is the angle between the EPMA profile and the [001] crystallographic axis. All angles are in degrees. Data Set S4. ds04.csv Median timescales and 1 sigma errors from the olivine crystals of this study. The +1 sigma (days) is the quantile value calculated at 0.841 (i.e. 0.5 + (0.6826 / 2)). The 1 sigma (days) is therefore the quantile calculated at approximately 0.158 (which is 1  0.841). The 2 sigma is basically the same but it is 0.5 + (0.95/2). The value quoted as the +1 sigma (error) is the difference between the upper 1 sigma quantile and the median. Likewise the 1 sigma (error) is the difference between the median and the lower 1 sigma quantile. Data Set S5. ds05.xlsx Median timescales and 1 sigma errors from the plagioclase crystals of this study. Results from each of the parameterisations of the Mginplagioclase diffusion data are included: Faak et al, (2013), Van Orman et al., (2014) and a combined expression. Data Set S6. ds06.xlsx Spreadsheet containing the regression parameters and covariance matrices used in this study and in Mutch et al. (2019). Additional versions of the olivine regressions where the ln fO2 is expressed in Pa have been made for completeness. We recommend using the versions where ln fO2 is expressed in its native form (bars).

Experimental results used to parameterise and a test a mathematical model of uranium diffusion and reaction in soil. The exeperiments and model are described in Darmovzalova J., Boghi A., Otten W., Eades, L., Roose T. & Kirk G.J.D. (2019) Uranium diffusion and timedependent adsorptiondesorption in soil: a model and experimental testing of the model. Eur. J. Soil Sci., doi: 10.1111/ejss.12814. The research was funded by NERC, Radioactive Waste Management Ltd and the Environment Agency through the Radioactivity and the Environment (RATE) programme (Grant Ref NE/L000288/1, Longlived Radionuclides in the Surface Environment (LORISE)).

Primary data, model initial conditions, model results, a compiled database of olivine diffusivity experiments and supplementary tables used in the paper: 'Mutch, E. J. F., Maclennan J., Shorttle, O., Edmonds, M. & Rudge, J. F., (2019), Rapid transcrustal magma movement under Iceland, Nature Geoscience'. Data_S1 contains electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) profile data of olivine crystals used in this study. This file also includes all of the initial conditions for forsterite content (XFo), Ni and Mn used in the diffusion modelling. Standard deviations are averaged values of standard deviations from counting statistics and repeat measurements of secondary standards. Data_S2 is a compiled database of olivine diffusion experiments used to derive multiple linear regressions for diffusion coefficients and associated covariance matrices. Regressions were only made through [001] data. Data_S3 contains median values for all of the inverted parameters estimated for each crystal profile from the Nested Sampling Bayesian inversion for each type of initial condition and model equation. All of the Monte Carlo realisations for each model are also included in this file. Table_S1 is a supplementary table that contains olivine diffusion equation regression parameters derived and used as part of this study. Table_S2 is a supplementary table that contains covariance matrices for olivine diffusion equations derived in this study. Table_S3 is a supplementary table that contains covariance matrices for aSiO2 (silica activity) dependent olivine diffusion equations derived in this study. Table_S4 is a supplementary table that contains angles between the EPMA profile and the main crystallographic axes in olivine as measured by EBSD. These angles are incorporated into the anisotropy calculation used to determine the apparent diffusivity parallel to the measured profile. angle100P, angle010P and angle001P are the angles between the profile and [100], [010] and [001] respectively. Table_S5 is a supplementary table that contains ,median timescales and 1 sigma errors obtained from the posterior distributions of the Nested Sampling Bayesian inversion conducted on each olivine profile. The results using Albased initial conditions, constant initial conditions (diffusion only), and aSiO2 based equations using Albased initial conditions are presented here. The classification of each profile (growthdominated vs. Aldecoupled) is also shown. See paper (Mutch, E. J. F., Maclennan J., Shorttle, O., Edmonds, M. & Rudge, J. F., (2019), Rapid transcrustal magma movement under Iceland, Nature Geoscience) for more details.