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  • Acoustic emissions (AE) and ultrasonic wave velocity data recorded during a series of high temperature thermal cracking experiments by Daoud et al., in the Rock and Ice Physics Laboratory of the University College London. The data gives the time and magnitude of AE output which were recorded contemporaneously whilst cyclically heating three rock types (A Slaufrudalur Granophyre, A Santorini Andesite and a Seljadalur Basalt). The ultrasonic wave velocity data was recorded pre- and post- heating. The data acquisition was permitted using a rock placed within an acoustic wave guide placed inside a high temperature furnace.

  • The data is provided as a single spreadsheet containing geochemical information from three volcanoes (Antuco, Chile; Jocotitlan, Mexico; Montserrat), all of which have been affected by major debris avalanches. The data was collected in order to investigate the long-term evolution of these volcanic systems. In addition, a single worksheet is provided of a summary database of published examples of volcanic debris avalanches. The geochemical data include bulk-rock XRF and ICP-MS data, Sr and Pb isotope measurements, and glass analyses for the Montserrat samples, along with site information for Antuco and Jocotitlan. Additional published analyses for Montserrat is availabile in published papers, as detailed in the spreadsheet.

  • Whole-rock geochemistry data of samples collected from Tindfjallajökull volcano, south Iceland. For further information, see Moles, J. D. (2018). Volcanic archives of past glacial environments: Tindfjallajökull volcano, Iceland. PhD thesis, The Open University. http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/62117. Geographical extent: Bounding box latitude and longitude: SW corner 63°42'N 19°46'W and NE corner 63°50'N 19°28'W.

  • Whole rock analyses (presented in parts per million, ppm) of volcanic samples from Mt. St Helens, Washington, USA. Detailed sample descriptions and given in Blundy et al. (2008) and references therein. All samples were analysed using solution ICP-MS at the Open University. Blundy, J., Cashman, K.V. and Berlo, K. (2008) Evolving magma storage conditions beneath Mount St. Helens inferred from chemical variations in melt inclusions from the 1980-1986 and current (2004-2006) eruptions, in: Sherrod, D.R., Scott, W.E., Stauffer, P.H. (Eds.), A volcano rekindled: the renewed eruption of Mount St. Helens, 2004-2006, Reston, VA, pp. 755-790.

  • Surface level measurements of the Erebus volcano lava lake, Antarctica. Surface level was measured from a site at the crater rim using the Eredar radar system, a ground-based X-band FMCW radar (described in detail here: https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL079177). The dataset contains a single continuous measurement period from 2016 (all times in UTC): 19 Dec 00:35 -> 19 Dec 19:21 Measurements were taken at a rate of ~0.25 Hz, using a 0.16 s 400 MHz bandwidth Linear Frequency Modulated chirp centred at 10.4 GHz, with 10 chirps being averaged for each measurement.

  • The data are associated with a paper entitled 'Widespread tephra dispersal and ignimbrite emplacement from a subglacial volcano (Torfajökull, Iceland)' by J Moles et al. (2019). See paper for full details. Data types: major element geochemistry; trace element geochemistry; 40Ar/39Ar geochronology. Table DR9 contains EPMA data of proximal lavas and ignimbrite fiamme. Table DR10 contains EPMA data of ash shards. Table DR11 contains EPMA standard data. Table DR12 contains LA-ICP-MS data of proximal lavas and ignimbrite fiamme. Table DR13 contains LA-ICP-MS data of ash shards. Table DR14 contains LA-ICP-MS standard data (raw). Table DR15 contains LA-ICP-MS standard data (corrected). Table DR16 contains 40Ar/39Ar geochronology data.

  • Laser ablation (LA) ICP-MS analyses (presented in parts per million, ppm) of melt inclusions from the 1980 eruption of Mt. St. Helens (18th May-16th October). Detailed sample collection methods are given in Blundy et al. (2008). Blundy, J., Cashman, K.V. and Berlo, K. (2008) Evolving magma storage conditions beneath Mount St. Helens inferred from chemical variations in melt inclusions from the 1980-1986 and current (2004-2006) eruptions, in: Sherrod, D.R., Scott, W.E., Stauffer, P.H. (Eds.), A volcano rekindled: the renewed eruption of Mount St. Helens, 2004-2006, Reston, VA, pp. 755-790.

  • The data report new F, Cl, and Br fluid/melt partition coefficients for intermediate to silicic melts, for which F and Br data are particularly lacking; and for varying CO2-H2O contents. The data was collected from basaltic andesite and dacite rock experiments from the Kelud volcano in Indonesia and Quizapu volcano in Chile Over the period of two years, 2020 – 2022. The experiments were conducted at pressures 50–120 MPa, temperatures 800–1100 °C, and volatile compositions [molar XH2O = H2O/(H2O +CO2)] of 0.55 to 1, with redox conditions around the Nickel-Nickel Oxygen buffer (ƒO2 ≈ NNO). Experiments were not doped with Cl, Br, or F and were conducted on natural crystal-bearing volcanic products at conditions close to their respective pre-eruptive state. The data was collected to assess the effects of changing fluid composition (XH2O) on Br fluid/melt partitioning for the first time. Three tables of data are provided; Table 1.xlsx Table 1 Experimental conditions, which were conducted under NNO oxygen buffer. Table 3.xlsx Table 3: Major element and Br, Cl and F contents of experiments, modelled water and CO2 values and Fluid/melt partitioning. The standard deviation (1 sigma) of the multiple analyses for each experiment (n=11-24) Table S2 SIMS and EMPA Secondary standards.xlsx SIMS and EMPA secondary standards Associated paper; Mike Cassidy, Alexander A. Iveson, Madeleine C.S. Humphreys, Tamsin A. Mather, Christoph Helo, Jonathan M. Castro, Philipp Ruprecht, David M. Pyle, EIMF; Experimentally derived F, Cl, and Br fluid/melt partitioning of intermediate to silicic melts in shallow magmatic systems. American Mineralogist 2022;; 107 (10): 1825–1839. doi: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2022-8109

  • This dataset (1.5 GB) comprises SO2 emission data (SO2 camera and DOAS) of parts of the active 2013 phase from Colima, as well as Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images and microprobe data of the collected ash from explosions and lava and dome rock. These data were used in the following paper: Cassidy, M., Cole, P.D., Hicks, K.E., Varley, N.R., Peters, N., Lerner, A. 'Rapid and slow: Varying ascent rates as a mechanism for Vulcanian explosions' Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 420: 73-84. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.03.025

  • Geochemical analysis of pyroclasts from Aluto, Ethiopia. Data are referenced in Clarke et al., 2019: Fluidal pyroclasts reveal the intensity of peralkaline rhyolite pumice cone eruptions; https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09947-8.