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Chilbolton Facility for Atmospheric and Radio Research (CFARR)

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  • The Cloud and Water Vapour Experiment (CWAVE) was a measurement campaign at the CCLRC-Chilbolton Observatory; it was supporting associated with two EC FP5 projects, CLOUDMAP2 and CLOUDNET. A wide range of satellite and ground based instruments measured a variety of atmospheric properties ranging from cloud parameters to water vapour. In addition, the measurements coincided with the results from a reduced resolution Unified Model (UM) run by the Met Office.

  • Data from the Upper Troposphere Lower Stratosphere (UTLS) programme's round 1 research project "Dynamics and Chemistry of Frontal Zones" (DCFZ). DCFZ investigated the role of frontal shear zones in determining upper tropospheric chemical distributions. This dataset contains Chilbolton radar images.

  • The Icelandic Volcano, Eyjafjallajokull, started erupting on 14th April 2010. The volcanic ash cloud produced covered much of Northern Europe for several weeks causing extensive disruption to air travel. The UK and European atmospheric communities had many instruments - both airborne and ground-based, remote sensing and in-situ - taking measurements of the ash cloud throughout this period. This dataset contains Leosphere and Halo Doppler Lidar images from the Chilbolton Observatory, Hampshire.

  • The Convective Storm Initiation Project (CSIP) aimed to further the understanding of the mechanisms responsible for the initiation of precipitating convection in the maritime environment of southern England; i.e. to understand why convective clouds form and develop into precipitating clouds in a particular location. Data have been collected from the 6th July 2004 to the 29th July 2004 by the Ultra-violet Raman lidar at Chilbolton Observatory, Hampshire. The dataset contains measurements of attenuated backscatter coefficients of aerosols within the atmosphere, and humidity mixing ratios. Plots of the attenuated backscatter coefficient, and of the humidity mixing ratios, at different heights are also available.

  • The Convective Storm Initiation Project (CSIP) aimed to further the understanding of the mechanisms responsible for the initiation of precipitating convection in the maritime environment of southern England; i.e. to understand why convective clouds form and develop into precipitating clouds in a particular location. Data have been collected from the 13th June 2005 to the 25th August 2005 by the Ultra-violet Raman lidar at Chilbolton Observatory, Hampshire. The dataset contains measurements of attenuated backscatter coefficients of aerosols within the atmosphere, and humidity mixing ratios. Plots of the attenuated backscatter coefficient, and of the humidity mixing ratios, at different heights are also available.

  • The Sparsholt College-South Wonston water station radio links data describe signal levels of several links at a frequency of 54 Ghz, which covered a path of 5km from the South Wonston water tower near the A34 to Sparsholt College. The data were collected between October 2002 and April 2005. The radio link between Sparsholt college and the Wonston water tower is used to investigate the effects of rain and sleet on radio signals.

  • The Chilbolton Observatory, Hampshire, have had a Vaisala CT75K lidar ceilometer deployed since 13th September 1996. This dataset contains measurements of the range of first, second, and third cloud base from the lidar and attenuated backscatter coefficients of aerosols within the atmosphere from 1996 to 2013. Plots of the attenuated backscatter coefficient at different heights are also available. The instrument has been regularly calibrated using the method described by O'Connor, Ewan J., Anthony J. Illingworth, Robin J. Hogan, 2004: A Technique for Auto-calibration of Cloud Lidar. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 21, 777–786. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0426(2004)021<0777:ATFAOC>2.0.CO;2 . Prior to April 2014 this technique had been applied manually, but from 2014 this was automated to provide a routine, automated application of O'Connor et al's calibration technique. This also highlighted an instrument calibration drift not previously spotted in earlier data and so a corrected data have been added to the archive for the following periods (denoted by "_cor1" in the filename): 1st July 2003 – 31st December 2003, January 2006 to December 2012 and February and March 2013. Users should see the data quality notes for further details. For post 2013 data please refer to the "all-years" dataset.

  • Measurements of tropospheric attenuation (excess and total) made at Sparsholt in Hampshire, UK using the ITALSAT satellite F1 beacon signal at 20 GHz.

  • Data were collected from the 31st of March 2004 to the 29th of March 2011 by the Copernicus Doppler cloud radar at Chilbolton Observatory, Hampshire. The dataset contains measurements of attenuated backscatter coefficients of aerosols within the atmosphere, and a full Doppler spectrum, and moments Z, v, and w.

  • Data were collected from the 12th of September 2006 to the 30th of June 2011 by the HALO photonics Doppler lidar at Chilbolton Observatory, Hampshire. The dataset contains measurements attenuated backscatter coefficients of aerosols within the atmosphere, as well as the radial and Doppler velocity of these particles. Plots of the attenuated backscatter coefficient at different heights, and of the Doppler velocity of particles are also available.