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  • This dataset contains column-average dry-air mole fractions of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), derived from the TANSAT satellite, using the University of Leicester Full-Physics Retrieval Algorithm (UoL-FP, also known as OCFP). This dataset is also referred to as CO2_TAN_OCFP. This version of the dataset provides data globally over land. For further information on the dataset, please see the linked documentation. Initially this dataset contains two months of data (June and August 2017), delivered as part of the GHG_cci Climate Research Data Package 6. Additional time periods will be added in the future. This data has been produced as part of the European Space Agency (ESA)'s Climate Change Initiative (CCI) programme, with support from the UK's National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO).

  • The dataset provides a Climate Data Record of Sea Ice Concentration (SIC) for the polar regions, derived from medium resolution passive microwave satellite data (AMSR-E and AMSR-2). It is processed with an algorithm using coarse resolution (6 GHz and 37 GHz) imaging channels, and has been gridded at 50km grid spacing. This product was generated in the context of the ESA Climate Change Initiative Programme (ESA CCI) by the Sea_Ice_CCI project. The EUMETSAT OSI SAF contributed with access and re-use of part of its processing software and facilities. A SIC CDR at 25km grid spacing is also available (doi: 10.5285/c61bfe88-873b-44d8-9b0e-6a0ee884ad95) and a 12.5km product is in preparation.

  • This v2.0 SST_cci Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) Level 3 Uncollated (L3U) Climate Data Record (CDR) consists of stable, low-bias sea surface temperature (SST) data from the Along Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) series of satellite instruments. It covers the period between 11/1991 and 04/2012. This Level 3 Uncollated (L3U) product provides these SST data on a 0.05 regular latitude-longitude grid with a single orbit per file. The dataset has been produced as part of the European Space Agency (ESA) Climate Change Initiative Sea Surface Temperature project(ESA SST_cci). The data products from SST_cci accurately map the surface temperature of the global oceans over the period 1981 to 2016 using observations from many satellites. The data provide independently quantified SSTs to a quality suitable for climate research. This CDR Version 2.0 product is a later version of the Long Term product v1.1. Data are made freely and openly available under a Creative Commons License by Attribution (CC By 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ .

  • This v2.1 SST_cci Climatology Data Record (CDR) consists of Level 4 daily climatology files gridded on a 0.05 degree grid. The dataset has been produced as part of the European Space Agency (ESA) Climate Change Initiative Sea Surface Temperature project(ESA SST_cci). The data products from SST_cci accurately map the surface temperature of the global oceans over the period 1981 to 2016 using observations from many satellites. The data provide independently quantified SSTs to a quality suitable for climate research. Data are made freely and openly available under a Creative Commons License by Attribution (CC By 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ . When citing this dataset please also cite the associated data paper: Merchant, C.J., Embury, O., Bulgin, C.E., Block T., Corlett, G.K., Fiedler, E., Good, S.A., Mittaz, J., Rayner, N.A., Berry, D., Eastwood, S., Taylor, M., Tsushima, Y., Waterfall, A., Wilson, R., Donlon, C. Satellite-based time-series of sea-surface temperature since 1981 for climate applications, Scientific Data 6:223 (2019). http://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-019-0236-x

  • The ESA Ocean Colour CCI project has produced global level 3 binned multi-sensor time-series of satellite ocean-colour data with a particular focus for use in climate studies. This dataset contains their Version 3.1 chlorophyll-a product (in mg/m3) on a sinusoidal projection at 4 km spatial resolution and at a number of time resolutions (daily, 5-day, 8-day and monthly composites). Note, the chlorophyll-a data are also included in the 'All Products' dataset. This data product is on a sinusoidal equal-area grid projection, matching the NASA standard level 3 binned projection. The default number of latitude rows is 4320, which results in a vertical bin cell size of approximately 4 km. The number of longitude columns varies according to the latitude, which permits the equal area property. Unlike the NASA format, where the bin cells that do not contain any data are omitted, the CCI format retains all cells and simply marks empty cells with a NetCDF fill value. (A separate dataset is also available for data on a geographic projection.)

  • This dataset contains land surface temperatures (LSTs) and their uncertainty estimates from the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR-2) on European Remote-sensing Satellite 2 (ERS-2). Satellite land surface temperatures are skin temperatures, which means, for example, the temperature of the ground surface in bare soil areas, the temperature of the canopy over forests, and a mix of the soil and leaf temperature over sparse vegetation. The skin temperature is an important variable when considering surface fluxes of, for instance, heat and water. Daytime and nighttime temperatures are provided in separate files corresponding to the morning and evening ERS-2 equator crossing times which are 10:30 and 22:30 local solar time. Per pixel uncertainty estimates are given in two forms, first, an estimate of the total uncertainty for the pixel and second, a breakdown of the uncertainty into components by correlation length. Also provided in the files, on a per pixel basis, are the observation time, the satellite viewing and solar geometry angles, a quality flag, and land cover class. The dataset coverage is near global over the land surface. Small regions were not covered due to downlinking constraints (most noticeably a track extending southwards across central Asia through India – further details can be found on the ATSR project webpages at http://www.atsr.rl.ac.uk/dataproducts/availability/coverage/atsr-2/index.shtml. LSTs are provided on a global equal angle grid at a resolution of 0.01° longitude and 0.01° latitude. ATSR-2 achieves full Earth coverage in 3 days so the daily files have gaps where the surface is not covered by the satellite swath on that day. Furthermore, LSTs are not produced where clouds are present since under these circumstances the IR radiometer observes the cloud top which is usually much colder than the surface. Dataset coverage starts on 1st August 1995 and ends on 22nd June 2003. There are two gaps of several months in the dataset: no data were acquired from ATSR-2 between 23 December 1995 and 30 June 1996 due to a scan mirror anomaly; and the ERS-2 gyro failed in January 2001, data quality was less good between 17th Jan 2001 and 5th July 2001 and are not used in this dataset. There are minor interruptions (1-2 days) during satellite/instrument maintenance periods. The dataset was produced by the University of Leicester (UoL) and LSTs were retrieved using the (UoL) LST retrieval algorithm and data were processed in the UoL processing chain. The dataset was produced as part of the ESA Land Surface Temperature Climate Change Initiative which strives to improve satellite datasets to Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) standards.

  • This dataset contains monthly-averaged land surface temperatures (LSTs) and their uncertainty estimates from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on Earth Observing System – Terra (Terra). Satellite land surface temperatures are skin temperatures which means, for example, the temperature of the ground surface in bare soil areas, the temperature of the canopy over forests, and a mix of the soil and leaf temperature over sparse vegetation. The skin temperature is an important variable when considering surface fluxes of, for instance, heat and water. Daytime and night-time temperatures are provided in separate files corresponding to the morning and evening Terra equator crossing times which are 10:30 and 22:30 local solar time. Per pixel uncertainty estimates are given in two forms, first, an estimate of the total uncertainty for the pixel and second, a breakdown of the uncertainty into components by correlation length. Also provided in the files, on a per pixel basis, are the observation time, the satellite viewing and solar geometry angles, a quality flag, and land cover class. The dataset coverage is global over the land surface. LSTs are provided on a global equal angle grid at a resolution of 0.01° longitude and 0.01° latitude. MODIS achieves full Earth coverage nearly twice per day so the daily files have small gaps primarily close to the equator where the surface is not covered by the satellite swath on that day. Furthermore, LSTs are not produced where clouds are present since under these circumstances the IR radiometer observes the cloud top which is usually much colder than the surface. The monthly dataset starts from March 2000 and ends December 2018. There are minor interruptions (1-2 days) during satellite/instrument maintenance periods. The dataset was produced by the University of Leicester (UoL) and LSTs were retrieved using a generalised split window retrieval algorithm and data were processed in the UoL processing chain. The dataset was produced as part of the ESA Land Surface Temperature Climate Change Initiative which strives to improve satellite datasets to Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) standards.

  • This v2.0 SST_cci Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) Level 2 Preprocessed (L2P) Climate Data Record (CDR) consists of stable, low-bias sea surface temperature (SST) data from the ATSR series of satellite instruments. It covers the period between 11/1991 - 04/2012. This L2P product provides these SST data on the original satellite swath with a single orbit of data per file. The dataset has been produced as part of the European Space Agency (ESA) Climate Change Initiative Sea Surface Temperature project (ESA SST_cci). The data products from SST_cci accurately map the surface temperature of the global oceans over the period 1981 to 2016 using observations from many satellites. The data provide independently quantified SSTs to a quality suitable for climate research. Data are made freely and openly available under a Creative Commons License by Attribution (CC By 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ .

  • Part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Greenhouse Gases (GHG) Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project and the Climate Research Data Package Number 3 (CRDP#3), the WFMD XCO2 SCIAMACHY product comprises a level 2, column-averaged dry-air mole fraction (mixing ratio) for carbon dioxide (CO2). The product has been produced using data acquired from the SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY (SCIAMACHY) on board the European Space Agency's environmental research satellite ENVISAT. This product has been derived using the Weighting Function Modified DOAS (WFM-DOAS) algorithm, a least-squares method based on scaling pre-selected atmospheric vertical profiles. Note that this has been designated as an 'alternative' algorithm for the GHG CCI, and another XCO2 product has also been generated from the SCIAMACHY data using the baseline algorithm (the Bremen Optimal Estimation DOAS (BESD) algorithm). It is advised that users who aren't sure whether to use the baseline or alternative product use the product generated with the BESD baseline algorithm. For more information regarding the differences between baseline and alternative algorithms please see the GHG-CCI data products webpage provided in the documentation section. The data product is stored per day in seperate NetCDF-files (NetCDF-4 classic model). The product files contain the key products, i.e. the retrieved column-averaged dry air mole fractions for XCO2, several other useful parameters and additional information relevant to using the data e.g. the averaging kernels. For further information on the product, including details of the WFMD algorithm, the SCIAMACHY instrument and issues associated with the data please see the associated product user guide (PUG) or the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents in the documentation section. The GHG-CCI team encourage all users of their products to register with them to receive information on any updates or issues regarding the data products and to receive notification of new product releases. To register, please use the following link: http://www.iup.uni-bremen.de/sciamachy/NIR_NADIR_WFM_DOAS/CRDP_REG/

  • This dataset consists of Sea Surface Temperature data with uncertainty estimates, from the Along Track Scanning Radiometer series of satellite instruments (ATSR-1, ATSR-2 and AATSR). It forms part of the collection of datasets from the EUSTACE (EU Surface Temperature for All Corners of Earth) project, which is producing publically available daily estimates of surface air temperature since 1850 across the globe for the first time by combining surface and satellite data using novel statistical techniques. The Sea Surface Temperature data provided here were retrieved in the context of the European Space Agency's (ESA's) Climate Change Initiative (CCI) Sea Surface Temperature (SST) project, and comprise a Level 3c gridded product, on a 0.25 degree grid. This v1.2 product was provided for input into the EUSTACE project. It is provided here for traceability; more recent CCI data is available from the SST CCI catalogue pages.