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  • This dataset contains N80 Gaussian gridded, surface level, analysis timestep parameters from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re-Analysis (ERA) 40 program from September 1957 to August 2002. ERA-40 followed on from the ERA-15 re-analysis project. Access limited to UK based academic researchers only. These data are GRIB formatted.

  • This dataset contains ERA5.1 surface level analysis parameter data ensemble means over the period 2000-2006. ERA5.1 is the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECWMF) ERA5 reanalysis project re-run for 2000-2006 to improve upon the cold bias in the lower stratosphere seen in ERA5 (see technical memorandum 859 in the linked documentation section for further details). The ensemble means are calculated from the ERA5.1 10 member ensemble, run at a reduced resolution compared with the single high resolution (hourly output at 31 km grid spacing) 'HRES' realisation, for which these data have been produced to provide an uncertainty estimate. This dataset contains a limited selection of all available variables and have been converted to netCDF from the original GRIB files held on the ECMWF system. They have also been translated onto a regular latitude-longitude grid during the extraction process from the ECMWF holdings. For a fuller set of variables please see the linked Copernicus Data Store (CDS) data tool, linked to from this record. See linked datasets for ensemble member and spread data. Note, ensemble standard deviation is often referred to as ensemble spread and is calculated as the standard deviation of the 10-members in the ensemble (i.e., including the control). It is not the sample standard deviation, and thus were calculated by dividing by 10 rather than 9 (N-1). The main ERA5 global atmospheric reanalysis of the covers 1979 to 2 months behind the present month. This follows on from the ERA-15, ERA-40 rand ERA-interim re-analysis projects. An initial release of ERA5 data, ERA5t, are also available upto 5 days behind the present. A limited selection of data from these runs are also available via CEDA, whilst full access is available via the Copernicus Data Store.

  • This dataset contains ERA5.1 surface level forecast parameter data for the period 2000-2006. ERA5.1 is the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECWMF) ERA5 reanalysis project re-run for 2000-2006 to improve upon the cold bias in the lower stratosphere seen in ERA5 (see technical memorandum 859 in the linked documentation section for further details). This dataset contains a limited selection of all available variables and have been converted to netCDF from the original GRIB files held on the ECMWF system. They have also been translated onto a regular latitude-longitude grid during the extraction process from the ECMWF holdings. For a fuller set of variables please see the linked Copernicus Data Store (CDS) data tool, linked to from this record. Surface and Model level analysis data to complement this dataset are also available. Data from a 10 member ensemble, run at lower spatial and temporal resolution, were also produced to provide an uncertainty estimate for the output from the single high resolution (hourly output at 31 km grid spacing) 'HRES' realisation producing data in this dataset. The main ERA5 global atmospheric reanalysis of the covers 1979 to 2 months behind the present month. This follows on from the ERA-15, ERA-40 rand ERA-interim re-analysis projects. An initial release of ERA5 data, ERA5t, are also available upto 5 days behind the present. A limited selection of data from these runs are also available via CEDA, whilst full access is available via the Copernicus Data Store.

  • This dataset contains daily monthly average, N80 Gaussian gridded, surface level, forecast timestep parameters from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re-Analysis (ERA) 40 program from January 1958 to December 2001. ERA-40 followed on from the ERA-15 re-analysis project. Access limited to UK based academic researchers only. These data are GRIB formatted.

  • Surface level forecast parameters on a reduced N256 Gaussian grid from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECWMF) ERA-Interim programme. The ERA-Interim global atmospheric reanalysis of the covers 1979 to August 2019. This follows on from the ERA-15 and ERA-40 re-analysis projects This subset of the ERA-Interim dataset contains 45 parameters.

  • This dataset contains spreads for the ERA5.1 surface level analysis parameter data ensemble means (see linked dataset) over the period 2000-2006. ERA5.1 is the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECWMF) ERA5 reanalysis project re-run for 2000-2006 to improve upon the cold bias in the lower stratosphere seen in ERA5 (see technical memorandum 859 in the linked documentation section for further details). The ensemble means and spreads are calculated from the ERA5.1 10 member ensemble, run at a reduced resolution compared with the single high resolution (hourly output at 31 km grid spacing) 'HRES' realisation, for which these data have been produced to provide an uncertainty estimate. This dataset contains a limited selection of all available variables and have been converted to netCDF from the original GRIB files held on the ECMWF system. They have also been translated onto a regular latitude-longitude grid during the extraction process from the ECMWF holdings. For a fuller set of variables please see the linked Copernicus Data Store (CDS) data tool, linked to from this record. Note, ensemble standard deviation is often referred to as ensemble spread and is calculated as the standard deviation of the 10-members in the ensemble (i.e., including the control). It is not the sample standard deviation, and thus were calculated by dividing by 10 rather than 9 (N-1). The main ERA5 global atmospheric reanalysis of the covers 1979 to 2 months behind the present month. This follows on from the ERA-15, ERA-40 rand ERA-interim re-analysis projects. An initial release of ERA5 data, ERA5t, are also available upto 5 days behind the present. A limited selection of data from these runs are also available via CEDA, whilst full access is available via the Copernicus Data Store.

  • This dataset contains 6-hourly monthly average, N80 Gaussian gridded, surface level, forecast timestep parameters from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re-Analysis (ERA) 40 program from January 1958 to December 2001. ERA-40 followed on from the ERA-15 re-analysis project. Access limited to UK based academic researchers only. These data are GRIB formatted.

  • This dataset contains ERA5.1 surface level analysis parameter data for the period 2000-2006. ERA5.1 is the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECWMF) ERA5 reanalysis project re-run for 2000-2006 to improve upon the cold bias in the lower stratosphere seen in ERA5 (see technical memorandum 859 in the linked documentation section for further details). This dataset contains a limited selection of all available variables and have been converted to netCDF from the original GRIB files held on the ECMWF system. They have also been translated onto a regular latitude-longitude grid during the extraction process from the ECMWF holdings. For a fuller set of variables please see the linked Copernicus Data Store (CDS) data tool, linked to from this record. Model level analysis and surface forecast data to complement this dataset are also available. Data from a 10 member ensemble, run at lower spatial and temporal resolution, were also produced to provide an uncertainty estimate for the output from the single high resolution (hourly output at 31 km grid spacing) 'HRES' realisation producing data in this dataset. The main ERA5 global atmospheric reanalysis of the covers 1979 to 2 months behind the present month. This follows on from the ERA-15, ERA-40 rand ERA-interim re-analysis projects. An initial release of ERA5 data, ERA5t, are also available upto 5 days behind the present. A limited selection of data from these runs are also available via CEDA, whilst full access is available via the Copernicus Data Store.

  • This dataset contains daily monthly average, N80 Gaussian gridded, surface level, analysis timestep parameters from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re-Analysis (ERA) 40 program from August 1958 to December 2001. ERA-40 followed on from the ERA-15 re-analysis project. Access limited to UK based academic researchers only. These data are GRIB formatted.

  • This dataset contains ERA5 surface level forecast parameter data. ERA5 is the 5th generation reanalysis project from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECWMF) - see linked documentation for further details. This dataset contains a limited selection of all available variables and have been converted to netCDF from the original GRIB files held on the ECMWF system. They have also been translated onto a regular latitude-longitude grid during the extraction process from the ECMWF holdings. For a fuller set of variables please see the linked Copernicus Data Store (CDS) data tool, linked to from this record. Model and surface level analysis data to complement this dataset are also available. Data from a 10 member ensemble, run at lower spatial and temporal resolution, were also produced to provide an uncertainty estimate for the output from the single high resolution (hourly output at 31 km grid spacing) 'HRES' realisation producing data in this dataset. The ERA5 global atmospheric reanalysis of the covers 1979 to 2 months behind the present month. This follows on from the ERA-15, ERA-40 rand ERA-interim re-analysis projects. An initial release of ERA5 data (ERA5t) is made roughly 5 days behind the present date. These will be subsequently reviewed ahead of being released by ECMWF as quality assured data within 3 months. CEDA holds a 6 month rolling copy of the latest ERA5t data. See related datasets linked to from this record. However, for the period 2000-2006 the initial ERA5 release was found to suffer from stratospheric temperature biases and so new runs to address this issue were performed resulting in the ERA5.1 release (see linked datasets). Note, though, that Simmons et al. 2020 (technical memo 859) report that "ERA5.1 is very close to ERA5 in the lower and middle troposphere." but users of data from this period should read the technical memo 859 for further details.