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ESA Greenland Ice Sheet CCI project team

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  • This dataset contains a time series of ice velocities for the Upernavik glacier in Greenland between 1992 and 2010. This dataset has been produced by the ESA Greenland Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. This dataset consists of a time series of Ice velocity maps which have been generated from SAR data from the ERS-1 and ERS-2, ENVISAT and the ALOS satellites. The data are supplied on a 500m polar stereographic grid. The ice velocity product contain the horizontal components, vN and vE, of the total velocity vector, which is derived from radar measurements assuming surface parallel flow. The used digital elevation model of the surface is also supplied. The North and East velocities at any grid points are given in a local geographic north-east coordinates system (and not in the used grid map projection system).

  • This dataset provides the Gravitational Mass Balance (GMB) product derived from gravimetry data from the GRACE satellite instrument, by DTU Space. The data consists of two products: a mass change time series for the entire Greenland Ice Sheet and different drainage basins for the period April 2002 to June 2017; and mass trend grids for different 5-year periods between 2003 and 2017. This version (1.4) is derived from GRACE monthly solutions provided by TU Graz (ITSG-Grace 2016), apart from August 2016 time series which is computed using the CRS-R05 solution. The mass change time series contains the mass change (with respect to a chosen reference month) for all of the Greenland Ice Sheet and each individual drainage basin. For each month (defined by a decimal year) a mass change in Gt and its associated error (also in Gt) is provided. The mass trend grid product is given in units of mm water equivalent per year. Mass balance is an important variable to understand glacial thinning and ablation rates to enable mapping glacier area change. The time series allows the longer term comparison of trends whereas the mass trend grids provide a yearly snapshot which can be further analysed and compared across the data set. Basin definitions and further data descriptions can be found in the Algorithm Theoretical Baseline Document (ST-DTU-ESA-GISCCI-ATBD-001_v3.1.pdf) and Product Specification Document (ST-DTU-ESA-GISCCI-PSD_v2.2.pdf) which are provided on the Greenland Ice Sheet CCI project website. Citation: Barletta, V. R., Sørensen, L. S., and Forsberg, R.: Scatter of mass changes estimates at basin scale for Greenland and Antarctica, The Cryosphere, 7, 1411-1432, doi:10.5194/tc-7-1411-2013, 2013.

  • This dataset contains a time series of ice velocities for the Storstromemmen glacier in Greenland, derived from Sentinel-1 SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) data acquired between 24/1/2015 and 22/03/2017. It has been produced by the ESA Greenland Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. Data files are delivered in NetCDF format at 250m grid spacing in North Polar Stereographic projection (EPSG: 3413). The horizontal velocity components are provided in true meters per day, towards the EASTING(x) and NORTHING(y) directions of the grid.

  • This dataset contains optical ice velocity time series and seasonal product of the Hagen Glacier in Greenland, derived from intensity-tracking of Sentinel-2 data acquired between 2017-06-30 and 2017-08-14. It has been produced as part of the ESA Greenland Ice sheet CCI project. The data are provided on a polar stereographic grid (EPSG 3413:Latitude of true scale 70N, Reference Longitude 45E) with 50m grid spacing. The horizontal velocity is provided in true meters per day, towards EASTING (x) and NORTHING (y) direction of the grid. The data have been produced by S[&]T Norway.

  • This dataset provides the Gravitational Mass Balance (GMB) product derived from the GRACE satellite instrument, by DTU-Space. The data consists of two products, a mass change time series for the Greenland Ice Sheet and individual basins, and mass trend grids for 5-year periods. The mass change time series contains the mass change (with respect to a chosen reference month) for all of the Greenland Ice Sheet and each individual drainage basin. For each month (defined by a decimal year) a mass change in Gt and its associated error (also in Gt) is provided. The mass trend grid product is given in units of mm water equivalent per year. Mass balance is an important variable to understand glacial thinning and ablation rates to enable mapping glacier area change. The time series allows the longer term comparison of trends whereas the mass trend grids provide a yearly snapshot which can be further analysed and compared across the data set.

  • This dataset contains optical ice velocity time series and seasonal product of the 79Fjord Glacier in Greenland, derived from intensity-tracking of Sentinel-2 data acquired between 2017-06-25 and 2017-08-10. It has been produced as part of the ESA Greenland Ice Sheet CCI project. The data are provided on a polar stereographic grid (EPSG 3413:Latitude of true scale 70N, Reference Longitude 45E) with 50m grid spacing. The horizontal velocity is provided in true meters per day, towards EASTING (x) and NORTHING (y) direction of the grid. The data have been produced by S[&]T Norway

  • This dataset contains grounding lines for 5 North Greenland glaciers, derived from generated from ERS -1/-2 and Sentinel-1 SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) interferometry. This version of the dataset (v1.3) has been extended with grounding lines for 2017. Data was produced as part of the ESA Greenland Ice Sheets Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project by ENVEO, Austria. The grounding line is the separation point between the floating and grounded parts of the glacier. Processes at the grounding lines of floating marine termini of glaciers and ice streams are important for understanding the response of the ice masses to changing boundary conditions and for establishing realistic scenarios for the response to climate change. The grounding line location product is derived from InSAR data by mapping the tidal flexure and is generated for a selection of the few glaciers in Greenland, which have a floating tongue. In general, the true location of the grounding line is unknown, and therefore validation is difficult for this product. Remote sensing observations do not provide direct measurement on the transition from floating to grounding ice (the grounding line). The satellite data deliver observations on ice surface features (e.g. tidal deformation by InSAR, spatial changes in texture and shading in optical images) that are indirect indicators for estimating the position of the grounding line. Due to the plasticity of ice these indicators spread out over a zone upstream and downstream of the grounding line, the tidal flexure zone (also called grounding zone).

  • This dataset contains time series of ice velocities for the Jakobshavn Glacier in Greenland, which have been derived from intensity-tracking of ERS-1, ERS-2 and Envisat data acquired between between 1992 and 2010. It provides components of the ice velocity and the magnitude of the ice velocity and has been produced as part of the ESA Greenland Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. The dataset contains two time series: 'Greenland_Jakobshavn_TimeSeries_2002_2010' contains an older version of the time series kept for completeness and also to ensure the best temporal coverage. It is based on data from the ASAR instrument on ENVISAT, acquired between 10/11/2002 and 23/09/2010 and contains 47 maps of ice velocity. The second time series 'greenland_jakobshavn_timeseries_1992_2010' contains the latest version of the time serives based on ERS-1, ERS-2 and Envisat data acquired between 27/01/1992 and 13/06/2010 and contains 120 maps. The data is provided on a polar stereographic grid (EPSG3413: Latitude of true scale 70N, Reference Longitude 45E) with 500m grid spacing. The image pairs have a repeat cycle between 1 and 35 days. The horizontal velocity is provided in true meters per day, towards EASTING(x) and NORTHING(y) direction of the grid, and the vertical displacement (z), derived from a digital elevation model, is also provided. The product was generated by GEUS (Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland) and ENVEO (Earth Observation Information Technology GmbH).

  • This dataset contains a time series of ice velocities for the Upernavik region in Greenland between 1992-2010, and has been produced by the ESA Greenland Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. The data consists of an ice velocity time series derived from intensity-tracking of ERS-1/2, ASAR and PALSAR data acquired between 02-01-1992 and 22-08-2010. It provides components of the ice velocity and the magnitude of the velocity. The data are provided on a polar stereographic grid (EPSG3413: Latitude of true scale 70N, Reference Longitude 45E). The horizontal velocity is provided in true meters per day, towards the EASTING(x) and NOTHING(y) directions of the grid, and the vertical displacement (z), derived from a digital elevation model, is also provided. Please note that the previous versions of this product provided the horizontal velocities as true East and North velocities. Both a single NetCDF file (including all measurements and annotation), and separate geotiff files with the velocity components are provided. The product was generated by GEUS. For further information please see the Product User Guide (v2.0). Please note - this product was released on the Greenland Ice Sheets download page in June 2016, but an earlier product (also accidentally labelled v1.1) was available through the CCI Open Data Portal and the CEDA archive until 29th November 2016. Please now use the later v1.1 product.

  • This dataset contains a time series of ice velocities for the Jakobshavn glacier in Greenland, generated from Sentinel-1 SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) data acquired from October 2014 and March 2017. It has been produced by the ESA Greenland Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. Data files are delivered in NetCDF format at 250m grid spacing in North Polar Stereographic projection (EPSG: 3413). The horizontal velocity components are provided in true meters per day, towards the EASTING(x) and NORTHING(y) directions of the grid.