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  • Global analyses from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) from 1994 - present. This dataset collection follows on from the ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA-15 and ERA-40) datasets with the same parameters at identical resolutions. Data is available in a number of resolutions and vertical level types. Some Monthly means and Seasonal Forecast data (1987-present) are also available.

  • This dataset contains data outputs generated using the Gorgon Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) code, for simulations of the steady-state magnetosphere-ionosphere system during southward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) with dipole tilt angles from 0-90 degrees. This data were collected as part of the NERC project Space Weather Impacts on Ground-based Systems (SWIGS). The MHD equations were solved in the magnetosphere on a regular 3-D cartesian grid of resolution 0.5 RE (Earth radii), covering a domain of dimensions (-30,90) RE in X, (-40,40) RE in Y and (-40,40) RE in Z with an inner boundary at 4 RE. In this coordinate system the Sun lies in the negative X-direction, the Z axis is aligned to the dipole in the 0 degree tilt case (where positive tilt points the north magnetic pole towards the Sun), and Y completes the right-handed set. The ionospheric variables were calculated on a separate 2-D spherical grid of dimensions 66x128 in latitude and longitude (with the north pole at 90 degrees latitude and the sun at 180 degrees longitude), coupled to the magnetospheric domain at the inner boundary. Output data is timestamped in seconds and is defined at the centre of the grid cells. The simulation data corresponding to each dipole tilt are stored in separate directories 'XXdeg', e.g. in '00deg' for a 0 degree tilt angle. The data are stored in hdf5 format. The magnetospheric variables are stored in the files 'Gorgon_[YYYYMMDD]_[XX]deg_MS_params_[XXXXX]s.hdf5' where XX is the tilt angle in degrees and XXXXX is the simulation time in seconds. The magnetospheric data includes the magnetic field ('Bvec_c'), plasma bulk velocity ('vvec') and electric current density ('jvec') after 4h of simulation, as well as the magnetic field and velocity in 5 minute intervals for the preceding 30 minutes. The dataset for each magnetospheric variable is of shape (240,160,160,3) where the first 3 dimensions are the grid indices in (X,Y,Z) indexed from negative to positive, and the final dimension is the cartesian vector components in (i,j,k). Similarly, the ionospheric data are stored as 'Gorgon_[YYYYMMDD]_[XX]deg_IS_params_[XXXXX]s.hdf5', containing the field-aligned current ('FAC') and electric potential ('phi') after 4h of simulation, as well as the potential in 5 minute intervals for the preceding 30 minutes. The dataset for each ionospheric variable is of shape (66, 128) where the first dimension is the grid index in colatitude, indexed from the north towards the south (i.e. 0 to 180 degrees), and the second dimension is the grid index in longitude, indexed from midnight towards noon via dawn (i.e. 0 to 360 degrees).

  • UK Met Office charts analyses pertaining to Mean Surface Level Pressure and 24 hour Weather Frontal Forecasting for the UK and Western Europe (see chart samples below). The charts have been produced by two systems at the Met Office and so are provided in two distinct datasets within this collection. The first set was delivered by the Met Office's GPCS Commercial Suite and covers the period 7th June 1999 to 24th June 2014. At this point the Met Office turned off that service and switched to providing images produced by the Met Office's SWIFT system using VisualWeather. These later data cover the period 30th June 2015 to present, though initially with some data gaps.