This dataset contains a series of point measurements made using a ground-based phase-sensitive radio-echo sounder (pRES) designed by the British Antarctic Survey. The system is configured as a step-frequency radar to sample the frequency response of the ice at 3201 equally-spaced frequency steps between 225 MHz and 385 MHz.
This dataset was collected during two Antarctic field seasons (2013-14, 2014-15) using the DEep LOoking Radio-Echo Sounder (DELORES), a ground-based ice-penetrating radar system that was designed and built by the British Antarctic Survey. It is an updated version of the radar used by Hindmarsh and others (2011). The system emits 2500 radio-wave pulses per second with a centre frequency of 4 MHz and samples the return at 250 MHz. Vertical resolution is approximately 30 cm. The radar is towed across the ice-sheet surface behind a skidoo at approximately 15 km h -1 and 512 complete traces are staked for each stored record, resulting in stacked traces approximately every 85 cm.
This data was collected during two Antarctic field seasons (2013-14, 2014-15) using two Leica GS10 dual-frequency Global Position Systems (dGPS). We installed 53 2m aluminium stakes in the snow surface along lines perpendicular to ice divides on four ice rises in the Ronne Ice Shelf region. In each season we used the dGPS units to measure the position of each pole. During most position measurements we deployed a rover unit for 20 minutes at each stake while a static base station dGPS unit was left in place for 5 or more hours. In the minority of cases the power to the base station unit failed and data from the rover unit is not accompanied by base-station data.
During several austral summers covering a 13 year period, we collected a random sample of body feathers from chicks of 11 sympatric species of Procellariiform (wandering albatross Diomedea exulans -79 individuals in total-, black-browed albatross Thalassarche melanophris - 51-, grey-headed albatross T. chrysostoma - 58 -, light-mantled sooty albatross Phoebetria palpebrata - 34 -, northern giant petrel Macronectes halli - 59 -, southern giant petrel M. giganteus - 60 -, white-chinned petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis - 39 -, blue petrel Halobaena caerulea - 19 - , Antarctic prion Pachyptila desolata - 19 -, South Georgian diving petrel Pelecanoides georgicus - 2 - and common diving petrel P. urinatrix - 6 -) to analyse Delta15N and Delta13C.
This dataset comprises the output from a series of eight simulations with the Coupled Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere (CMIT) model as used in the study by Cnossen and Foerster (2016).The first six simulations were run with observed solar radiative forcing, specified by F10.7 values, and observed solar wind conditions. In the last two simulations (dsol-lh and jsol-lh), the solar radiative forcing was artificially reduced by setting the F10.7 values to a constant low value of 80 solar flux units. The dsol-lh and jsol-lh are otherwise identical to the dsol-hh and jsol-mh simulations, respectively. Further details about the simulations and a brief description of the CMIT model are provided by Cnossen and Foerster (2015, in review). Wiltberger et al. (2004) and Wang et al. (2004, 2008) provide further details of the CMIT model. The CMIT simulations were performed on the Yellowstone high-performance computing facility (ark:/85065/d7wd3xhc) provided by the Computational and Information Systems Laboratory of the National Centre for Atmospheric Research, sponsored by the National Science Foundation.