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  • This dataset comprises the output from a series of eight simulations with the Coupled Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere (CMIT) model as used in the study by Cnossen and Foerster (2016).The first six simulations were run with observed solar radiative forcing, specified by F10.7 values, and observed solar wind conditions. In the last two simulations (dsol-lh and jsol-lh), the solar radiative forcing was artificially reduced by setting the F10.7 values to a constant low value of 80 solar flux units. The dsol-lh and jsol-lh are otherwise identical to the dsol-hh and jsol-mh simulations, respectively. Further details about the simulations and a brief description of the CMIT model are provided by Cnossen and Foerster (2015, in review). Wiltberger et al. (2004) and Wang et al. (2004, 2008) provide further details of the CMIT model. The CMIT simulations were performed on the Yellowstone high-performance computing facility (ark:/85065/d7wd3xhc) provided by the Computational and Information Systems Laboratory of the National Centre for Atmospheric Research, sponsored by the National Science Foundation.

  • The data are from a study investigating nitric oxide (NO) variability in the polar mesosphere and lower thermosphere during geomagnetic storms, and the role of energetic electron precipitation in NO production. The datasets include 1) processed atmospheric datasets derived from selected NO observations by the AIM-SOFIE satellite instrument, 2) estimated electron and proton fluxes derived from POES/MEPED/SEM-2 measurements, 3) zonal and meridional wind speeds calculated using the Horizontal Wind Model (HWM14), and 4) geomagnetic indices, solar wind speed, and solar proton event (SPE) data. Funding was provided by the NERC grants NE/J022187/1 and NE/R016038/1, and the New Zealand Marsden Fund.

  • The data are from a study investigating ozone (O3) variability in the polar mesosphere and lower thermosphere and uncertainties / biases in satellite ozone profile measurements. The datasets include 1) processed atmospheric datasets derived from O3 observations by the ground-based Ny Ålesund Ozone in the Mesosphere Instrument (NAOMI), an 11.072 GHz ozone radiometer making atmospheric observations from Ny Ålesund, Spitsbergen since 4 July 2017, 2) processed atmospheric datasets derived from selected O3 observations by the SABER satellite instrument, and 3) ancillary atmospheric datasets used for NAOMI retrievals, derived from model (WACCM-D) and reanalysis (MERRA-2) datasets. Supported in part by UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) / Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Technologies Proof-of-Concept grant reference NE/P003478/1 "Satellite TV-based Ozone and OH Observations using Radiometric Measurements (STO3RM)". MOSAIC instrument testing and deployment was supported by the Royal Society Newton Fund reference NI150103 "The Effect of High Energy Particle Precipitation from Space on the Earth''s Atmosphere". Pekka T. Verronen was supported by Academy of Finland project no. 335555 "ICT-Solutions to Understand Variability of Arctic Climate (ICT-SUNVAC)".

  • The Skiymet meteor radar was deployed at Rothera (68S, 68W) in Feb 2005. The radar measures the winds, waves and tides of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) regions of the atmosphere. The radar routinely makes three types of measurement: 1. horizontal winds at heights of ~ 75 - 105 km from the drifting of meteors as they are carried by the winds of the MLT; 2. atmospheric temperature from the decay rate of meteor echoes; 3. meteor fluxes, derived from several thousand meteors per day. The radar has been used with an existing, identical, radar in the Arctic at the conjugate latitude of 68N, 21E (Esrange) to produce accurate climatologies of winds, waves and tides - and to quantify the differences between the Antarctic and Arctic MLT (using identical radars eliminates otherwise problematic measurement biases). Other studies will carefully examine meteor/MF-radar instrument biases and apply a developing technique to continually measure temperature using the decay rate of meteor echoes. The radar complements the existing OH temperature spectrometer and imaging airglow camera at Rothera.