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This dataset contains meteorological, sea water temperature, surface ocean currents and wave height, direction and period measurements from a Seawatch Wavescan meteorological buoy deployed in the northwest Iceland Sea for the Iceland Greenland seas Project (IGP). This was an international project involving the UK, US a Norwegian research communities. The UK component was funded by NERC, under the Amospheric Forcing of the Iceland Sea (AFIS) project (NE/N009754/1). The Seawatch Wavescan meteorological buoy was deployed during the first leg of the NATO Research Vessel Alliance cruise, on 21 February 2018. Its position in the northwest Iceland Sea was strategically placed adjacent to a subsurface mooring in the Eggvin Offset. The dataset contains standard meteorological variables, surface ocean currents and wave height, direction and period from the buoy. Sea water temperature measurements at 8 m depth from the co-located mooring beneath the buoy are included to replace failed sea surface temperature measurements from the buoy under the reasonable assumption that this was still within the surface ocean mixed layer in this region. Similarly, pressure measurements that failed for roughly half of the deployment are replaced by surface layer estimates from ECMWF's ERA5 reanalysis product interpolated to the position of the meteorological buoy, corroborated for the period the sensor was working. Otherwise the buoy worked well for 2.5 months, until it broke loose from its anchor and stopped recording on 6 May 2018 and was recovered soon after. Also provided in the dataset are bulk aerodynamic flux estimates generated using the COARE3.0a algorithm.
This dataset contains measurements from the Micro Rain Radar (MRR2), manufactured by Meteorologische Messtechnik GmbH (Metek) installed onboard the NATO Research Vessel Alliance during the Iceland Greenland Seas Project. The MRR2 is a frequency modulated (FM), continuous wave (CW) Radar (Radio Detection and Ranging) that obtains doppler spectral density at each range gate with a time resolution of 10 s. The terminal velocity of the precipitation targets (vT) is the primarily retrieved variable from these doppler spectral density observations. Additionally, drop size distribution and the corresponding moments, for example liquid water content (LWC), rain rate (RR) and Radar Reflectivity (Ze) are retrieved with post processing. The initial installation location from 03-13 Feb 2018 was midship on the weatherdeck. At Reykjavik harbour the MRR2 worked as expected, while at sea artificial signals at three elevations appeared. The artificial signals were due to an interference on the power cable or power source. On 11 Feb 2018, a separate power source for the MRR2 could be secured, and it subsequently operated without interferences after ~12 UTC that day. For further details and figures on the MRR2 and its operation in the cruise please read the attached documentation.
The global marine meteorological observations data contains marine meteorological values, such as wave heights and periods, wind speed and direction, present weather, and air and sea temperature, measured during the hour ending at the stated date and time. The data is collected by worldwide observation stations and transmitted within the following message types: Ship SYNOP, which is also referred to as FM 13-IX SHIP, FM 18-X BUOY, Light Vessel, Marid, Marine logbooks, NAVY, OWS, PLAT/RIG, and VOF. In this dataset the different message types are all described by the SHIP message name. Data are available from 1854 to present. The data consist of: Offshore wind (speed and direction) Weather (present, past) Cloud (amount, type, base amount, base height) Pressure (mean sea level) Visibility Temperature (air, dew-point, wetbulb, sea) Relative humidity Wave (direction, period, height) Wind-wave (period, height) Swell (direction, -wave period, height) Ship direction and distance Maximum gust speed and period The wind speed is given to the nearest knot, direction to the nearest 10 degrees, and the time of the maximum gust is given to the nearest 0.1 hour. The wind direction from which the wind blows, is measured in Degrees (true). The entry for an east wind is 090, for a south wind it is 180 and so on clockwise. Note that zero values in both wind speed and wind direction fields indicate that there was no wind blowing at the time of observation. The temperature and dew point are given to the nearest 0.1 degree Celsius, the pressure is given to the nearest 0.1 hectopascal, the cloud base height and the visibility are given to the nearest decametre. Cloud amount is reported in oktas. The past weather is recorded as a number between 0-9 which details what the weather has been like in the last 6 hours for observations at 00, 06, 12, 1800 UTC, the last 3 hours for observations at 03, 09, 15, 2100 UTC and the previous hour at any other times. The past weather is only recorded when a manual observation is done at the station. Marine reports are defined by position (latitude and longitude) and by time. Duplicates can exist at a specified position and time, e.g. when ships are alongside for bunkering, so the identifier of the ship or buoy is part of the primary key of the entity. A great many ships do not include a valid call sign in their reports; the call sign may be missing or invalid. When this occurs, Midas will substitute the call sign value “SHIP”.