From 1 - 5 / 5
  • This dataset presents the annual and sub-annual diatom records preserved in a set of ice cores from the Antarctic Peninsula and Ellsworth Land over the 1992-2019 CE interval, as presented in Tetzner et al. (2022). Annual diatom abundance (annual d-abundance) data are provided as annual averages for the 1992-2019 CE interval. Annual diatom concentration (annual d-concentration) data are provided as annual averages over the 1992-2019 CE interval. Sub-annual diatom concentration (sub-annual d-concentration) data are provided for each ice core as depth profiles for the 2002-2006 CE interval. Annual d-abundance and d-concentration are timeseries. Column A represents years between 1992 and 2019 CE. Annual data are listed for each ice core site alphabetically (Jurassic (JUR), Rothschild Island (ROIC), Sherman Island (SHIC) and Sky-Blu (SKBL)). Sub-annual d-concentration data are depth profiles. Column A represents ice depth (m). The ice depth interval presented in each file represents the 2002-2006 CE interval. Diatom abundance data are presented as the number of diatoms identified in an ice core annual layer (diatoms a-1). Diatom concentration data are presented as the number of diatoms identified per unit volume of water (L) contained on each annual (or sub-annual) sample (diatoms L-1). This dataset was created with the support of the Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (grant number 72180432).

  • This dataset presents the microparticle and ion fluxes from a set of ice cores from the Antarctic Peninsula and Ellsworth Land, as presented in Tetzner et al. (2022). Microparticle (MPC_flux) and ionic (nssCa+2_flux, nssK+_flux, ssNa+_flux, MSA_flux) data are provided as annual fluxes for the 1992-2019 CE interval. Annual fluxes were calculated as winter-to-winter averages. Data points represent the annual austral winter-to-winter average and are presented over the correspondent austral summer. The dataset comprises timeseries CSV files. The first column represents years between 1992 and 2019 CE, and the remaining columns represent annual flux data as the number of microparticles (particles) or ion concentration (ppb), multiplied by annual snow accumulation (kg m-2), listed for each ice core site alphabetically (Jurassic (JUR), Sherman Island (SHIC) and Sky-Blu (SKBL)). This dataset was created with the support of the Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (grant number 72180432).

  • We present the age scales for three Antarctic Peninsula (AP) ice cores: Palmer, Rendezvous, and Jurassic. The three age scales are all from intermediate-depth cores, in the 133-141 m depth range. The Palmer age scale covers 390 years, 1621-2011 C.E., and is from one of the oldest AP cores. Rendezvous and Jurassic are from lower elevation high-snow accumulation sites and therefore cover shorter intervals, 1843-2011 C.E. and 1874-2011 C.E., respectively. The Palmer, Rendezvous, and Jurassic cores were all drilled in November-December 2012 using the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) electromechanical dry drill (without drill fluid). Water isotopes and the chemical species used to establish the age scales were measured in the ice core labs at BAS (Cambridge, UK) using Continuous Flow Analysis (CFA) or from melted discrete cut ice samples. The annual-layer markers for dating of the cores were primarily determined using nssSO4 and H2O2 summer peaks, with d18O and MSA as additional support. This research effort was carried out by the BAS Ice Core group and the established age scales will provide the foundation for multiple upcoming projects. The ice core drilling and analysis was funded by the British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council (NERC, Cambridge, UK), part of UK research and innovation and NERC grant [NE/J020710/1]. Palmer analysis was funded by Haus der Kulturen der Welt (HKW, Berlin, Germany), in collaboration with the Anthropocene working group (AWG).

  • Young Island is a new ice core drilling site uniquely positioned to give insight into the (sub-)Antarctic climate. This dataset contains four preliminary dating approaches that lay the foundation for the age scale of the Young Island ice core presented in Moser et al. (2021). Funding was provided to SubICE by Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, the Swiss Polar Institute, and Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc (grant no. SubICE). ERT received core funding from NERC to the British Antarctic Survey''s Ice Dynamics and Palaeoclimate programme. DEM was supported by BAS, Cambridge, and the NERC C-CLEAR doctoral training programme (grant no. NE/S007164/1). JBP received grant funding from the Australian Government.

  • Here we provide the Palmer ice core Water-stable isotope (d18O, dD), sodium (23Na), and magnesium (24Mg) palaeo archives. The Palmer drill site (73.86 S, 65.46 W, 1897 m a.s.l.) is located on the southern part of the Antarctic Peninsula, Palmer Land. The core, firn and ice, were drilled in December 2012 to a depth of 133 m below the snow surface. The Palmer ice core covers 391 years, 1621-2011 C.E. The data were measured on the British Antarctic Survey Continuous Flow Analysis system in Cambridge, UK. Data is given both on depth and temporal (annual means) scales. The d18O and dD records were measured on a CFA laser spectroscopy system and the 23Na and 24Mg data were measured on the CFA ICP-MS setup. The ice core drilling and analysis were funded by the British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council (NERC, Cambridge, UK), part of UK research and innovation and NERC grant NE/J020710/1. The Palmer analysis was funded by Haus der Kulturen der Welt (HKW, Berlin, Germany), in collaboration with the Anthropocene working group (AWG).