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  • Nests of Light-mantled Albatrosses (Phoebetria palpebrata) throughout a study area on Bird Island have been monitored annually since 2000, with surveys in November, January and May. The number of nests, eggs and chicks are counted and from this, yearly breeding success is calculated.

  • The weights of fledging Gentoo penguin chicks at Bird Island have been monitored since 1989. The colony at Johnson Cove can have over 1000 breeding pairs. Each year, just before their departure from the colony, a sample of 100 fledgling birds are weighed as part of the Bird Island long-term monitoring programme. This data is submitted to the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) as part of their Ecosystem Monitoring Programme (CEMP). This work was funded by Natural Environment Research Council (UK) core funding to the British Antarctic Survey.

  • Since 2009, the weights of male and female Antarctic Fur Seal pups from the Maiviken area on South Georgia have been monitored. 100 pups are randomly sampled from two areas, tussock and beach, at the start of January, February and March. This work was funded by Natural Environment Research Council (UK) core funding to the British Antarctic Survey.

  • The weights of fledging Macaroni penguin chicks at Bird Island have been monitored since 1989. The colony at Fairy Point, also known as Little Mac, contains approximately 400 breeding pairs. Each year, just before their departure from the colony, a sample of 100 fledgling birds are weighed as part of the Bird Island long-term monitoring programme. This data is submitted to the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) as part of their Ecosystem Monitoring Programme (CEMP). This work was funded by Natural Environment Research Council (UK) core funding to the British Antarctic Survey.

  • The weights of fledging Gentoo penguin chicks at Maiviken have been monitored since 2010. The colony at Maiviken, can have over 1000 breeding pairs. Each year, just before their departure from the colony, a sample of 50 fledgling birds are weighed as part of a long-term monitoring programme. These data are submitted to the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) as part of their Ecosystem Monitoring Programme (CEMP). This work was funded by Natural Environment Research Council (UK) core funding to the British Antarctic Survey.

  • Several populations of Northern (Macronectes halli) and Southern Giant Petrel (Macronectes giganteus) at South Georgia have been monitored since 2014. Three colonies of Northern Giant Petrel are monitored at Greene Peninsula, Discovery Point and Maiviken, and two of Southern Giant Petrel at Greene Peninsula and Harpon Bay. Summary data on breeding numbers and productivity for each season and colony are available, based on data from individual nests.

  • The use of automated systems to record the identity of individual penguins and their movements in and out of a colony can provide an effective means of studying penguin biology remotely. In 2002 an automatic gateway was installed at the only access point to the Macaroni Penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus) colony at Fairy Point, Bird Island. Taking advantage of the colony''s geography, which ensured that the birds have only one route between the colony and the sea, the gateway initially recorded bird identities from implanted radio frequency identification transponders (RFID tags). In 2009 a weighbridge was installed which records the weight of each bird and the direction of travel and from 2011 onwards the two systems, RFID antenna and weighbridge, were built into the same unit meaning it was now possible to confidently match the crossing data with bird identities.

  • Incidences of Antarctic Fur Seals entangled in man-made debris have been recorded at Bird Island since 1988. The majority of entanglements have been Antarctic Fur Seals caught in plastic packaging bands, synthetic line and fishing nets. Where possible these are removed by scientists working at the research base. This data is collected as part of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources''s Ecosystem Monitoring Program (CEMP).

  • Fur Seal (Arctocephalus gazella) diet has been monitored at Bird Island since 1989. Scats are collected regularly and krill carapaces, fish otoliths and squid beaks extracted. Krill length is calculated from the extracted carapaces whilst squid beaks and fish otoliths are measured and identified to species where possible. This dataset comprises raw and processed krill length as well as squid beak and otolith measurements and identification to species where appropriate.

  • Platform Transmitting Terminal (PTT) tags were used to track Antarctic Fur Seals (Arctocephalus gazella) from Bird Island, South Georgia, 1995-2010. PTT tags use the ARGOS satellite system to collect geospatial data. Tags were deployed on breeding females during the summer, to provide information on where the seals are foraging during lactation and into the winter months.