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  • Monthly averaged total ozone values measured at Halley station, Antarctica. All measurements are in Dobson Units. These monthly averages are a flat average of any daily average values that exist for each given month; the daily averages are a flat average of the measurements obtained during a particular 24-hour period (UTC). The number of observations may vary from day to day. The Dobson ozone observing season at Halley begins at the end of August and ends in mid April; however, very early and late season observations are made with the Sun at low elevation, and are less accurate than those made during the main observing period of September 6 to April 6. The values for 1956/57 (MacDowall, J., 1962) and 1957-1973 (Farman, J. C. and Hamilton, R. A., 1975) have been approximately corrected from the original using the WMO recommended guidance (Komhyr, W. D., Mateer C. L. and Hudson, R. D., 1993) for the Bass-Paur ozone absorption coefficients. Ozone values from 1973 onwards have been calculated using the Bass-Paur coefficients. The approximation of a US standard atmosphere, which will differ from the Antarctic atmosphere, has been used and the assumed temperature used for the absorption coefficients may be inaccurate.

  • Atmospheric nitrous acid (HONO) amount fraction measured in the clean air sector at Halley VI Research Station between 22 January and 3 February 2022. The data was collected using a Long Path Absorption Photometer (LOPAP), the instrument inlet height above the snow was changed during the measurement period, this is indicated in the dataset. Temperature and wind speed data were collected are included to enable the HONO flux from the snow to be calculated. This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council and the ARIES Doctoral Training Partnership [grant number NE/S007334/1]. The fieldwork at Halley VI Research Station was funded by the Collaborative Antarctic Science Scheme (CASS).

  • The data are from a study investigating nitric oxide (NO) variability in the polar mesosphere and lower thermosphere during geomagnetic storms, and the role of energetic electron precipitation in NO production. The datasets include 1) processed atmospheric datasets derived from selected NO observations by the AIM-SOFIE satellite instrument, 2) estimated electron and proton fluxes derived from POES/MEPED/SEM-2 measurements, 3) zonal and meridional wind speeds calculated using the Horizontal Wind Model (HWM14), and 4) geomagnetic indices, solar wind speed, and solar proton event (SPE) data. Funding was provided by the NERC grants NE/J022187/1 and NE/R016038/1, and the New Zealand Marsden Fund.