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  • This Fundamental Climate Data Record (FDCR) ensemble product contains both recalibrated AVHRR/3 MetOp-A Radiance/Brightness Temperature data with associated metrologically traceable uncertainties in the FIDUCEO FCDR format. It also contains files containing an Ensemble dataset consisting of perturbations to the associated FIDUCEO FCDR radiances and brightness temperatures. By applying the 10 perturbations to the baseline FCDR radiances and brightness temperatures a user is able to generate 10 sets of new measurements whose variance capture the associated underlying uncertainty distributions contained in the Easy FCDR itself. The FIDelity and Uncertainty in Climate data records from Earth Observations (FIDUCEO) project AVHRR FCDR improves on existing AVHRR level-1B: in the infrared the calibration has been improved with a measurement function approach such that the data is of better quality (noise has been reduced, outliers have been filtered) the metrologically traceable uncertainties have been derived together with their associated effects, cross-channel correlations and long-term correlation structures have now been calculated from the processed data and are being understood and used to improve data quality and consistency. For the Ensemble product the sensors have been calibrated against the Advanced Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR) sensor with additional corrections to calibration parameters which make the data better able to derive sea surface temperature estimates that are consistent with theInternational Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) drifting buoy network. Because the Ensemble has been tuned for Sea Surface Temperature retrieval it should only be used over ocean scenes.