The data are ASCII formatted (plain text and "human" readable) see Met Office HadRT2.2 data format information in docs for more information.
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The HADRT2.2 data are global monthly fields of radiosonde temperature anomalies at standard pressure levels on a 10 degree latitude by 20 degree longitude grid from 1958 to 2000. Anomalies are calculated with respect to 1971-1990 climatology. Anomalies are available for 9 standard levels (850, 700, 500, 300, 200, 150, 100, 50, 30hPa) as well as tropospheric (850 - 300hPa) and stratospheric (150 - 30hPa) averages. The data are degree Celsius anomalies from 1970-1990 means. Anomalies are calculated for each of about 200 sonde stations worldwide and grid values derived from these. HADRT2.2 is an eigenvector reconstructed grid data set from 1958 - 2000, on a 10 degree latitude by 20 degree longitude grid, created from HadRT2.1. The eigenvector reconstruction was used to infill missing seasons or years in boxes with 70% of seasonal or annual data available. This dataset has been superseded by the HadAT dataset also available from CEDA.