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  • Burnt areas are presented with a daily date of burn at 500m resolution for the circumpolar boreal forest zone. The dataset comprises eleven tiff files, one for each year: 2001 to 2011. The aim of this dataset is the improved understanding of spatio-temporal patterns and dynamics of boreal fire intensity and extent, the driving factors behind these variations, and the consequence for carbon fluxes for the whole boreal area. The source data for the daily burnt area product is the 16-day MODIS Nadir BRDF-Adjusted Reflectance (N-BAR) MCD43A4 product on the standard Sinusoidal projection. The burnt areas are identified by thresholding a differencing method, with the resulting fire-scars dated using MODIS thermal anomalies (MOD14A1). The results are annual TIFF images at 500m resolution with the pixel values being the first day of burn for that year. The product was validated using temporal assemblages of ETM images randomly located throughout the whole Boreal zone and analysed on a date and per pixel basis. The result was a Kappa co-efficient of 0.54. This algorithms used to map the burnt areas were developed by members of the CEH Wallingford Earth Observation group. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • The Fidelity and Uncertainty in Climate data records from Earth Observations consists of new climate datasets from Earth Observation Satellites which have received rigorous treatment of uncertainty informed by the discipline of metrology. The collection datasets include Fundamental Climate Data Records (FCDRs) containing harmonised radiances and [Thematic] Climate Data Records (CDRs) for ensemble sea and lake surface temperature, tropospheric humidity, aerosol optical depth and surface albedo that are widely applicable and metrologically rigorous. The archived FCDRs have a length relevant to climate (>20 years) and can support numerous CDRs. The selected CDRs illustrate new capabilities (e.g. equi-probable ensembles) as well as the benefiting from use of the new FCDRs, resulting in improved stability and traceable uncertainties. Specifically, the data collection contains: harmonised radiances (FCDRs) for the following sensors: Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR), High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS), Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-B (AMSU-B), Microwave Humidy Sounder (MHS) and Meteosat Visible Infra-Red Imager (MVIR); and geophysical datasets with uncertainties.