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GB

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  • This dataset contains modelled vegetation carbon output from the land surface model JULES, along with the temperature and rainfall outputs (which were originally inputted) at a monthly, 1.5km resolution. There are four different JULES simulations, using two different climate projections (global climate sensitivity of 3.5K and highest global climate sensitivity of 7.1K) under a constant, present day atmospheric CO2 and a CO2 pathway that follows the SRES (Special Report on Emissions Scenarios) A1B scenario. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/f493ad5c-585c-475d-a374-2f77b5866bc4

  • Data consist of modelled estimates of observed/expected Biological Monitoring Working Party (an index for measuring the biological quality of rivers using selected families of macroinvertebrates as biological indicators) scores for freshwater streams across Great Britain (GB). The BMWP scores (1-10) are based on the principle that macroinvertebrates differ in their perceived sensitivity or tolerance to organic pollution (i.e. nutrient enrichment). Values greater than 1 indicate high water quality. Data pooled across two survey years (1998 and 2007) was used to model the relationships between headwater stream quality and catchment/stream characteristics for headwater streams across GB based on known relationships for headwater streams in Countryside Survey squares. Modelled estimates of stream water quality were based on a Boosted Regression Tree modelling approach . Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/85e7beb6-e031-4397-a090-841b8c907d1b

  • This dataset provides annual estimates of species occupancy and species trend estimates in the form of growth rates for 5,293 UK invertebrate, bryophyte and lichen species for the period 1970 to 2015. Estimates are provided at the country level for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland as well as for the UK and Great Britain (GB) where possible. These data were generated using observations of species collated by UK recording schemes and societies as the input data for a Bayesian occupancy model. The outputs resulting from this modelling framework are presented in three forms: • 1000 samples from the modelled posterior distribution of the proportion of occupied sites for each species for each year and for each region analysed. • Summary tables from the model outputs detailing mean occupancy and associated statistics including credible intervals and rhat measure of convergence. • Derived species trend estimates in the form of annual percentage growth rates. Annual estimates derived from fine-grained data (1x1km squares) have not been determined for this set of species before, making this a unique dataset that broadens knowledge on UK biodiversity change. This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council award number NE/R016429/1 as part of the UK-SCAPE programme delivering National Capability. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/0ec7e549-57d4-4e2d-b2d3-2199e1578d84