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  • The dataset comprises 28 hydrographic data profiles, collected by a conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) sensor package, from across the North East Atlantic Ocean (limit 40W) area including specifically the Porcupine Sea Bight area. The data were collected during April and May of 1978. A complete list of all data parameters are described by the SeaDataNet Parameter Discovery Vocabulary (PDV) keywords assigned in this metadata record. The data were collected by the Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Wormley Laboratory.

  • The dataset comprises 43 hydrographic data profiles, collected by a conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) sensor package, from across the English Channel, North Sea, Irish Sea and St. George's Channel, and the Bristol Channel areas, specifically from between Liverpool and the Isle of Man and then at various locations around the west, south west and south coasts up to the east of Ipswich. The data was collected during January and February of 2003. A complete list of all data parameters are described by the SeaDataNet Parameter Discovery Vocabulary (PDV) keywords assigned in this metadata record. The data were collected by the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science Lowestoft Laboratory.

  • The data set comprises measurements of water temperature, salinity, current velocities and sound velocity, and sediment characteristics. The data were collected in the Clyde Sea in July and August 1997. The bulk of the measurements were made at the acoustic transmission point Tx1 (55 31.6N, 4 49.7W), and at receiving points SW of Tx1 up to 20 km away. In addition a SW-NE section (55 13.5N, 5 9.4W to 55 35.0N, 4 46.3W) was sampled at the beginning and end of the experiment, and a W-E section (5 3.0W to 4 52.7W at 55 31.6N) was run three times during the experiment. The data were collected by the research vessels Prince Madog and Calanus. Throughout the experiment the Prince Madog was used to deploy the acoustic transmission equipment, and as the main oceanographic vessel. The Calanus acted as the receiving ship, and also collected conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) profiles. Overall, 199 CTD casts, 71 hours of temperature time series data, 150 hours of acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) data, 70 hours of RoxAnn (sidescan sonar), position and water depth data, and three sediment sound speed profiles were collected. Two CTDs were used onboard the Prince Madog: a Seabird SBE-19 and a Neil Brown Mk. III. A Neil Brown SmartCTD was used on the Calanus. Several casts were made onboard the Madog with both CTDs attached to the same frame for intercalibration purposes. At the bottom of each cast with the Neil Brown Mk. III CTD two SIS digital reversing thermometers were triggered and a seawater sample collected, which was later analysed in the laboratory for salinity. Temperature and salinity data from the Madog CTDs were calibrated using these values. No seawater samples were collected by the Calanus. Data from all CTDs were despiked and spurious density inversions were removed. The majority of the CTD casts were repeat casts at either the acoustic transmission or reception point, the object being to monitor the high frequency variability of the water column, and allow model predictions of the acoustic signal characteristics to be tested against observed signal variations. Whilst the Prince Madog was on station at Tx1 four internally recording temperature sensors were deployed at fixed depths. During some overnight runs a single temperature/depth sensor was also deployed; during transmission experiments this sensor was attached to the acoustic source. The ADCP onboard the Madog was used to record vertical current profiles for most of the experiment. A RoxAnn system onboard the Prince Madog was used during part of the experiment to log ship position, water depth, and the bottom roughness and hardness indices E1 and E2. Three bottom sediment cores were collected on 5/8/97 with a hydroplastic (gravity) corer. Two metre core barrels with an internal diameter of about 8cm were used. The cores each contained between 1m and 1.5m of sediment, and were analysed for sound speed at the University of Wales, Bangor after the cruise. The cores were taken at Tx1 (55.527N, 4.832W), 10 km (55.441N, 4.843W), and 20 km (55.371N, 4.880W) along the primary acoustic track. The precision of the sound speed measurements is +/- 10 m/s. The PROSIM Clyde Sea experiment was primarily an acoustic transmission experiment designed to study shallow water acoustic propagation. The oceanographic data were collected to provide information on the mean and time-varying characteristics of the water column for use in acoustic modelling. PROSIM was undertaken by the Unit for Coastal and Estuarine Studies, a self-funded research unit attached to the School of Ocean Sciences, University of Wales, Bangor. The unit specialises in physical oceanography and ocean modelling. The data are stored at the British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC).

  • The dataset comprises 2 hydrographic data profiles, collected by a conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) sensor package, from the East Atlantic area specifically just North of the McGowan Seamount and the Kane Gap, East of Guinea, from January to April 1968. A complete list of all data parameters are described by the SeaDataNet Parameter Discovery Vocabulary (PDV) keywords assigned in this metadata record. The data were collected by the National Institute of Oceanography.

  • This dataset contains visual and physical analyses of the impacts of ocean acidification on the skeletons of the cold-water coral <em>Lophelia pertusa</em>. Visual analysis includes synchrotron images from the Diamond Light Source and electron back scatter diffraction images on polished coral skeletons. Physical analyses include Raman spectroscopy data. Skeletal samples analysed were from the Southern California Bight (SCB), USA, and the Mingulay Reef Complex (MRC), UK. SCB samples were collected in 2010, 2014 and 2015. MRC samples were collected in 2012. Samples from the SCB were taken using a ROV at varying depths covering an environmental gradient with respect to aragonite saturation. Each sample represents an aggregation of <em>Lophelia pertusa</em> that was sampled with a basket attached to the ROV. The samples were transported to the surface and subsampled for live, ethanol preserved, frozen, and dried samples. Carbonate chemistry parameters of the water column were collected at the same time using a CTD and include temperature, salinity, oxygen, DIC, pH, and total alkalinity. Coral samples from the MRC were subjected to long term experimentation in projected future conditions. The conditions for MRC samples are outlined in Hennige et al. 2015. The coral samples were also analysed using a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and these images are held at BODC and can be requested through this record. RAMAN spectroscopy and Electron Back Scatter Diffraction (EBSD) analysis was also used to further examine the corals under future projections of climate change. Ocean acidification is a threat to cold-water coral reefs in terms of dissolution to their skeletons, and their subsequent structural stability. This will likely determine the stability of the habitats they form. Work in the Southern California Bight was funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science. The study was supported by Diamond Light Source (DLS) experimental campaigns MT19794 and MT20412. This work was supported by an Independent Research Fellowship from the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) to Sebastian Hennige (NE/K009028/1 and NE/K009028/2) and the MASTS pooling initiative (The Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland), funded by the Scottish Funding Council (grant reference HR09011) and contributing institutions. Experimental incubations for N. Atlantic corals were supported by the UK Ocean Acidification programme (NE/H017305/1 awarded to John Murray Roberts). Imaging analysis by Uwe Wolfram and Alexander Groetsch were supported by Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) of the UK under grant number EP/P005756/1.

  • The data set includes depth soundings, water temperature, salinity, oxygen and nutrient (phosphate, silicate, nitrite, nitrate) data, meteorological measurements (temperature, pressure), and wind and sea state observations. The data primarily originate from the Southern Ocean, although some data from the North Atlantic, the South Atlantic, the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of Australia, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Pacific Ocean are also included. The data were collected between 1925 and 1951 and are held in the series of nine Discovery Reports published between 1929 and 1957. These reports contain station lists of measurements taken by RRS Discovery and RRS William Scoresby and staff of the Marine Biological Station at South Georgia between 1925 and 1939, plus station lists of observations made by RRS William Scoresby and RRS Discovery between 1950 and 1951. Discovery station numbers 1 to 2911, William Scoresby stations WS1 to WS1107, Marine Biological Station MS1 to MS106, South Sandwich Islands stations 1 to 58 and Ross Sea stations 1 to 29 are included in the data set. The Discovery Project was commissioned by the Royal Society as a series of Antarctic cruises, originally with the aim of investigating the commercial whaling industry. The Discovery Reports are currently held at the British Oceanographic Data Centre in paper format. There is an ongoing effort to digitise the reports and the intention is to store these digitised versions at BODC.

  • The dataset comprises 35 hydrographic data profiles, collected by a conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) sensor package, from across the South West Atlantic Ocean (limit 20W) area specifically Drake Passage during December 2004. A complete list of all data parameters are described by the SeaDataNet Parameter Discovery Vocabulary (PDV) keywords assigned in this metadata record. The data were collected by the Southampton Oceanography Centre.

  • Fish catch data comprising species identification, abundance and length. Weight, sexual maturity and age are also recorded for a sub-sample of the total catch. The data were obtained from a number of sea lochs in the Forth of Lorne and the Isle of Mull, north west Scotland, typically on a monthly basis between 1969 and 1973. The data were obtained from fish caught by bottom and mid-water otter type trawls (including Seine, Agassiz and beam trawls). Collectively, these data form an unique insight into the fish population history of this region. The original data were collected under the overall supervision of John Gordon, at the Scottish Marine Biological Association (SMBA).

  • The MeRMEED project aimed to determine and quantify how the interaction between mesoscale eddies and the steep slope along ocean western boundaries affects the dissispation of mesoscale eddies in these regions. The project comprised of a multi-platfrom programme involving ship-based and mooring-based obverations, including autonomous gliders, vertical microstructure profilers, CTDs and ADCPs. The MeRMEED project was run between 2015-2019, and focussed on the slope offshore of Great Abaco, Bahamas. The data contained in this dataset includes the data associated with three MeRMEED research expeditions aboard the R/V Walton Smith from 2016-12-01 to 2018-03-16. The data includes vertical microstructure profiler (VMP) measurements of the turbulent dissipation rate and temperature variance, profiles of temperature and conductivity from a CTD sensor attached to the VMP, and along-track meridional and zonal velocity profiles from a vessel mounted 75 kHz ADCP. Also included are two 75 KHz ADCPs mounted on the existing RAPID/MOCHA Western Boundary 1 mooring. The project was run by Eleanor Frajka-Williams (project PI) and Dafydd Gwyn Evans (post-doc) and funded by NERC Discovery Science grant NE/N001745/1.

  • The GEBCO_2021 Grid is a global continuous terrain model for ocean and land with a spatial resolution of 15 arc seconds. In regions outside of the Arctic Ocean area, the grid uses as a base, Version 2.2 of the SRTM15+ data set between latitudes of 50 degrees South and 60 degrees North. This data set is a fusion of land topography with measured and estimated seafloor topography. This version of SRTM15+ is similar to version 2.1 [Tozer et al., 2020] with minor updates. Version 2.2 uses predicted depths based on the V29 gravity model [Sandwell et al., 2019] and approximately 400 small areas containing suspect data were visually identified and removed from the grid. Included on top of this base grid are gridded bathymetric data sets developed by the four Regional Centers of The Nippon Foundation-GEBCO Seabed 2030 Project. The GEBCO_2021 Grid represents all data within the 2021 compilation. The compilation of the GEBCO_2021 Grid was carried out at the Seabed 2030 Global Center, hosted at the National Oceanography Centre, UK, with the aim of producing a seamless global terrain model. Outside of Polar regions, the gridded bathymetric data sets are supplied by the Regional Centers as sparse grids, i.e. only grid cells that contain data were populated, were included on to the base grid without any blending. The data sets supplied in the form of complete grids (primarily areas north of 60N and south of 50S) were included using feather blending techniques from GlobalMapper software. The primary GEBCO_2021 grid contains land and ice surface elevation information - as provided for previous GEBCO grid releases. In addition, for the 2021 release a version with under-ice topography/bathymetry information for Greenland and Antarctica is also available. The GEBCO_2021 Grid has been developed through the Nippon Foundation-GEBCO Seabed 2030 Project. This is a collaborative project between the Nippon Foundation of Japan and the General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO). It aims to bring together all available bathymetric data to produce the definitive map of the world ocean floor by 2030 and make it available to all. Funded by the Nippon Foundation, the four Seabed 2030 Regional Centers include the Southern Ocean - hosted at the Alfred Wegener Institute, Germany; South and West Pacific Ocean - hosted at the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, New Zealand; Atlantic and Indian Oceans - hosted at the Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, USA; Arctic and North Pacific Oceans - hosted at Stockholm University, Sweden and the Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping at the University of New Hampshire, USA.