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  • This dataset consists of monthly mean inshore surface water temperature (degrees C) data from Windermere, a lake in northern England. Data collection began in 1933, but data are presented here from 1946 onwards. The data were initially collected by the Freshwater Biological Association (FBA), then by CEH and its predecessor Institute of Freshwater Ecology (IFE) from 1989 to 2003, and subsequently again by FBA. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/453fdf49-7328-42ec-94b7-1cebf06c51e2

  • This dataset includes manual measurements in centimetres from the surface of the soil of water table depth at the Climoor fieldsite in the Clocaenog Forest, north-east Wales. Water table depth was collected via water permeable tubes installed through the soil profile down to bedrock. Measurements were taken, usually every two weeks, using a tape measure and head torch to assist in seeing the water level in the tube. Data was collected by CEH staff and PhD students trained in the use of the methods. Climoor is a climate change manipulation experiment that utilises automated roof technology to produce drought and warming experimental treatments that reflect climate change predictions for the next 20-30 years. Data are available from May 2009 to March 2015. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/029c060d-a061-4e27-96ff-c0826351e7e3

  • This dataset includes litterfall data from the experimental plots at the Climoor field site in the Clocaenog forest, NE Wales. Litterfall (natural senesced plant material) was collected in litterfall traps (12 x 7.5cm pots standing slightly proud of the soil/litter surface, emptied monthly). Litterfall was calculated by drying the contents of the traps and weighing the samples; values were calculated for each quadrat (total weight (g) only) and for each plot (total weight (g) and weight per metre squared (g/m2)). Data spans the periods Oct 1999 to Jan 2004 and July 2008 to June 2011. Data was collected by CEH staff and PhD students trained in the use of the methods. Climoor is a climate change manipulation experiment that utilises automated roof technology to produce drought and warming experimental treatments that reflect climate change predictions for the next 20-30 years. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/f200ea72-574d-44da-955c-de0fb024eafe

  • [THIS DATASET HAS BEEN WITHDRAWN]. This dataset includes a range of determinands present in soil water in the experimental plot at the Climoor field site in the Clocaenog Forest, in north-east Wales. Soil water was collected at two depths in the soil profile - approximately 5cm and 20cm. At the bottom of the rooting zone (approximately 5cm depth) zero tension lysimeters were used. At the deeper depth (approximately 20cm depth) ceramic cup suction samplers were used. Data were collected between October 1998 and March 2009 at two weekly intervals. Determinands include: pH, Ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N), Nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N), Sulphate (SO4-S), dissolved organic carbon, dissolved organic nitrogen, Calcium (Ca), Potassium (K), Magnesium (Mg), Sodium (Na), Phosphate phosphorus (PO4-P), Chloride (Cl), total dissolved phophorus and total dissolved nitrogen. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/1deb9ee0-a01c-4ce6-a5b0-a1ad32beeff7

  • [THIS DATASET HAS BEEN WITHDRAWN]. 1 km gridded estimates of daily and monthly rainfall for Great-Britain and Northern Ireland (together with approximately 3000 km2 of catchment in the Republic of Ireland) from 1890 to 2012. The rainfall estimates are derived from the Met Office national database of observed precipitation. To derive the estimates, monthly and daily (when complete month available) precipitation totals from the UK rain gauge network are used. The natural neighbour interpolation methodology, including a normalisation step based on average annual rainfall, was used to generate the daily and monthly estimates. The estimated rainfall on a given day refers to the rainfall amount precipitated in 24 hours between 9am on that day until 9am on the following day. The CEH-GEAR dataset has been developed according to the guidance provided in BS 7843-4:2012. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/5dc179dc-f692-49ba-9326-a6893a503f6e

  • [THIS DATASET HAS BEEN WITHDRAWN]. 1 km gridded estimates of daily and monthly rainfall for Great-Britain and Northern Ireland (together with approximately 3000 km2 of catchment in the Republic of Ireland) from 1890 to 2014. The rainfall estimates are derived from the Met Office national database of observed precipitation. To derive the estimates, monthly and daily (when complete month available) precipitation totals from the UK rain gauge network are used. The natural neighbour interpolation methodology, including a normalisation step based on average annual rainfall, was used to generate the daily and monthly estimates. The estimated rainfall on a given day refers to the rainfall amount precipitated in 24 hours between 9am on that day until 9am on the following day. The CEH-GEAR dataset has been developed according to the guidance provided in BS 7843-4:2012. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/f2856ee8-da6e-4b67-bedb-590520c77b3c

  • 1km and 5km gridded Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI) data for Great Britain, which is a drought index based on the probability of precipitation for a given accumulation period as defined by McKee et al. (1993). SPI is calculated for different accumulation periods: 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 months. Each of these is in turn calculated for each of the twelve calendar months. Note that values in monthly (and for longer accumulation periods also annual) time series of the data therefore are likely to be autocorrelated. The standard period which was used to fit the gamma distribution is 1961-2010. The dataset covers the period from 1961 to 2012. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/94c9eaa3-a178-4de4-8905-dbfab03b69a0

  • 1km and 5km gridded Standardised Precipitation-Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) data for Great Britain, which is a drought index based on the probability of Climatic Water Balance (CWB) - which is equivalent to the amount of precipitation minus the amount of evapotranspiration - for a given accumulation period as defined by Vicente Serrano et al. (2010). SPEI is calculated for different accumulation periods: 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 months. Each of these is in turn calculated for each of the twelve calendar months. Note that values in monthly (and for longer accumulation periods also annual) time series of the data therefore are likely to be autocorrelated. The standard period which was used to fit the generalised logistic distribution is 1961-2010. The dataset covers the period from 1961 to 2012. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/d201a2af-568e-4195-bf02-961fb6954c72

  • This dataset consists of weekly mean sizes of Perch (Perca fluviatilis) from trapping at Green Tuft, Windermere, Cumbria, sampled between 1946 and 2012. Perch have been monitored in the north and south basins of Windermere by trapping with variations in sampling sites and efforts from 1943 to the present. The data were initially collected by the Freshwater Biological Association (FBA) but have been collected by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) and its predecessor Institute of Freshwater Ecology (IFE) since 1989. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/495fd597-42b2-4985-96dc-3d9ec024b829

  • This dataset consists of total weekly catch data of mature Perch (Perca fluviatilis) from trapping at Green Tuft, Windermere, Cumbria, sampled between 1946 and 2012. Perch have been monitored in the north and south basins of Windermere by trapping with variations in sampling sites and efforts from 1943 to the present. The data were initially collected by the Freshwater Biological Association (FBA) but have been collected by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) and its predecessor Institute of Freshwater Ecology (IFE) since 1989. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/85dc93d2-8c29-4660-b725-793e43703e46