These data are NERC-funded but not held by the EIDC. These data are archived in the SAFE repository, hosted by Zenodo. This dataset contains calculated greenhouse gas fluxes and associated parameters from three transects of static chambers that were set up from oil palm into riparian forests in the SAFE landscape in Malaysian Borneo, Sabah. A total of 48 chambers were installed in two transects of 6 x 3 chambers and one transect of 4 x 3 chambers. Soil greenhouse gases (methane, nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide) were measured every two months for one year (Nov 2016 until Nov 2017) resulting in 7 measurement occasions. Other environmental parameters were measured during the time of chamber enclosure as possible explanatory variables for correlation with recorded greenhouse gas fluxes including soil and air temperature, soil moisture, soil mineral N (nitrate (NO3) and ammonium (NH4)). In addition, water samples were taken from the stream and analysed for NO3, NH4, pH, temperature, total dissolved solids, conductivity and greenhouse gases using the headspace method.
These data are NERC-funded but not held by the EIDC. These data are archived in the SAFE repository, hosted by Zenodo. This dataset contains calculated greenhouse gas fluxes and associated parameters from 56 static chambers that were installed within the Stability of Altered Forest Ecosystems (SAFE) landscape in Malaysian Borneo. Of the chosen ‘fragment’ in the SAFE design, all chambers were put in the 10 ha fragments. Four chambers each were placed in each of the two 10 ha plots in Logged Fragmented Forest (LFE), Fragment B, and Fragment E resulting in 8 per site. Additionally 12 chambers were installed in a 7-year old oil palm plantation, 8 in a young (2-year) old oil palm and 8 in a 12 – year old oil palm plantations. All 56 chambers were sampled for greenhouse gases (methane, nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide soil respiration) every two months over a two-year period from January 2015 to November 2016, resulting in 12 measurement occasions for each of the chambers. Other environmental parameters were measured during the time of chamber enclosure as possible explanatory variables for correlation with recorded greenhouse gas fluxes including soil and air temperature, soil moisture, soil mineral N (nitrate and ammonium).
This dataset contains calculated terrestrial fluxes of methane and nitrous oxide using static chambers from the Sodankylä region of Northern Finland across both forest and wetland ecosystems. Measurements were carried out during growing season 2012 in two measurement campaigns (Summer: 12th July - 2nd August; Autumn: 22nd September - 14th October) using 60 static chambers (21 within the forest and 39 within the wetland). Fluxes were measured on approximately 2 day intervals resulting in a total of 10 measurements for all chambers during the summer campaign, and 7 for the forest and 8 for the wetland chambers during the autumn campaign. In addition to fluxes, auxiliary measurements include soil temperature, water table depth (wetland only), soil moisture (forest only) and soil respiration. The data was collected as part of the MAMM project (Methane and other greenhouse gases in the Arctic: Measurements, process studies and Modelling, http://arp.arctic.ac.uk/projects/) funded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council (grant NE/I029293/1) involving partners from CEH and the Finnish Meteorological Institute (Climate Change Research, FI-00101 Helsinki, Finland). Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/6b8501c8-3931-4c5e-8e1b-584a6ea0d233
These data are NERC-funded but not held by the EIDC. These data are archived in the SAFE repository, hosted by Zenodo. This dataset contains results from a laboratory study that was carried out with soil taken from logged tropical forests and nearby oil palm plantations of different ages in Malaysian Borneo, Sabah within the SAFE project landscape. The soils were from: Logged Fragmented Forest (LFE) pH 6, Fragment E (FE) pH 6, ~7 year old oil palm plantation (OP7) pH 4.5 , small riparian area below OP7 (RR), pH 5.8, ~2 year old row of oil palm (OP2) pH 4.5. The soils were collected in Nov 2016, from the top 0-10 cm. During the laboratory incubation all cores were sampled for greenhouse gases (methane, nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide) as well as nitric oxide (NO). Other environmental parameters were measured at the same time as possible explanatory variables for correlation with recorded greenhouse gas and nitric oxide fluxes including soil and air temperature, soil moisture, soil mineral N (nitrate and ammonium) and gene transcript abundance.
Data comprise methane and carbon dioxide concentrations in soil following injection of discrete pulses of methane into subsoil (50 cm depth) below a spring wheat crop during the growing season. Supporting data on soil moisture, soil temperature and meteorology are provided. The data may be useful for testing models of methane and carbon dioxide transport and fate in temperate agricultural soils. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/18939865-d863-498b-b4cb-5661eaeadcfc
Adventdalen is a medium-sized (513 km^2) catchment in continuous permafrost zone of central Spitsbergen. It has 11.7 % glacier cover, a large flat valley floor comprised of uplifted, glaciomarine sediments, covered in the lower part by a veneer of aeolian sediments up to 4 m thick. The geology of the catchment is dominated by sandstones, shales and carbonates. There are a series of five open system pingos that have formed in the valley floor following uplift of the valley bottom over the last 10000 years. This has caused permafrost aggradation in former marine sediments which are up to 60 m thick. During the formation of this new permafrost, high pressure caused expulsion of groundwaters below, resulting in their upward migration. Freezing of the groundwaters as they reached the ground surface caused expansion and thus formation of the pingo. However, freezing no longer occurs at four of the five pingos, meaning that the groundwaters now discharge at the surface. Samples of the emerging groundwaters were collected every March/April, but also opportunistically during summer months, provided the sites weren''t flooded. Analysis of major ions (by ion chromatography), minor constituents (trace metals by inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) and silica by colorimetric analysis) and gases (O2, CO2 and CH4) were undertaken. Funding was provided by the Joint Programming Initiative (JPI-Climate Topic 2: Russian Arctic and Boreal Systems) Award No. 71126, distributed to Principal Investigator, Andrew Hodson (then of University of Sheffield) via NERC grant NE/M019829/1.
This dataset contains concentrations of dissolved organic carbon, inorganic carbon, CO2, CH4 and N2O in the Black Burn stream which drains Auchencorth Moss peatland in South East Scotland. Concentrations and fluxes have been measured within the Black Burn on an approximately weekly to fortnightly basis from approximately 2006 to present (see https://doi.org/10.5285/3f0820a7-a8c8-4dd7-a058-8db79ba9c7fe). Concentrations in this dataset are from a series of new sites, upstream of the long-term sampling record, adjacent to an area of drains blocked by Scottish Natural Heritage. Measurements began during the drain blocking. Data was collected initially as part of a masters project for University of Edinburgh through Scotland's Rural College and continued by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/88ffbf44-0ec0-41d6-9814-04bc3535cd84
Dataset contains concentrations of particulate and dissolved organic carbon, inorganic carbon, CO2, CH4 and N2O in the Black Burn stream which drains Auchencorth Moss peatland in South East Scotland. Auchencorth Moss is part of the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology's UK Carbon Catchment project. Concentrations have been measured approximately weekly from January 2007 to December 2011 Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/3f0820a7-a8c8-4dd7-a058-8db79ba9c7fe
This dataset contains vegetation survey data, and nitrate and ammonium concentrations, nitrification and mineralisation rates, microbial biomass and carbon and nitrogen stock data from soils taken from an experiment based at Winklebury Hill, UK. The vegetation survey comprises total species percentage cover and species richness data from four 50 cm by 50 cm quadrats. Net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange, photosynthesis and respiration data were measured with an Infra-red Gas Analyser (IRGA); methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide data were measured using gas chromatography; nitrate and ammonium from soil samples extracted with potassium chloride; carbon and nitrogen from soils extracted with water; and carbon and nitrogen stocks measured through combustion analysis. The experiment used seeds and plug plants to create different plant communities on the bare chalk on Winklebury Hill and tested the resulting carbon and nutrient cycling rates and compared these to the characteristics of different plant functional groups. The experiment ran from 2013 to 2016 and this dataset contains data from 2016 only. This experiment was part of the Wessex BESS project, a six-year (2011-2017) project aimed at understanding how biodiversity underpins the ecosystem functions and services that landscapes provide. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/e8a1bf2d-bc6b-452f-ab9d-40fa2288fce6
The dataset contains chemistry data from streambed porewater (10 and 20 cm) and surface water, as well as nitrogen chemistry data at 2.5 cm resolution within the upper 15 cm of the streambed. The dataset includes concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), carbon dioxide, methane, ammonium, nitrate, nitrite and nitrous oxide, and isotopic ratios of δ13CCO2, δ15NNO3+NO2 and δ18ONO3+NO2. Also included are measurements of dissolved oxygen and temperature. Samples were collected from three reaches within the stream, an upstream sandy reach, a mid-stream sandy reach and a downstream gravel reach. The work was carried out with Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) funding through a PhD (NERC award number 1602135), grant (NE/L004437/1) and Life Sciences Mass Spectrometry Facility grant (CEH_L102_05_2016). Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/00601260-285e-4ffa-b381-340b51a7ec50