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West Antarctica

12 record(s)

 

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From 1 - 10 / 12
  • This dataset provides a 308 year (1703-2010) annual snow accumulation record from the Ferrigno 2010 (F10) ice core. The 136 m core was drilled on the Bryan Coast in Ellsworth Land, West Antarctica, during the austral summer 2010/11. The record was measured using the summer peak in nonsea-salt (nss) SO4, in approximately January to December. Snow accumulation is converted to meters of water equivalent (weq - m) based on measured density profile and correcting for thinning using the Nye model, assuming vertical strain rate. Samples were measured at 5 cm resolution, corresponding to approximately eight samples per year. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/J020710/1.

  • This dataset provides a 298 year (1712-2010) annual snow accumulation record from the Bryan Coast (BC11) ice core. The 140 m core was drilled on the Bryan Coast in Ellsworth Land, West Antarctica, during the austral summer 2010/11. The record was measured using the summer peak in non sea salt (nss) SO4, in approximately January to December. Snow accumulation is converted to meters of water equivalent (weq - m) based on measured density profile and correcting for thinning using the Nye model, assuming vertical strain rate. Samples were measured at 5 cm resolution, corresponding to approximately eight samples per year. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/J020710/1.

  • This dataset provides a 308 year (1702-2009) deuterium isotope record from the Ferrigno 2010 (F10) ice core. The core was drilled on the Bryan Coast in Ellsworth Land, West Antarctica, during the austral summer 2010/11. The record was measured using a Los Gatos Liquid Water Isotope Analyser at 5cm resolution, corresponding to ~14 samples per year, with annual averages calculated for January-December. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/J020710/1

  • 3D vertically-polarised shear wave (Vsv) velocity model of West Antarctic uppermost mantle structure to 200 km depth developed using data from the 2016-2018 UK Antarctic Seismic Network (UKANET) and Polar Earth Observing Seismic Network (POLENET). The model was constructed from the combination of fundamental mode Rayleigh wave phase velocity maps developed by ambient noise (periods 8-25 seconds) and earthquake data two-plane wave analysis (periods 20-143 seconds). Composite ''local'' 1D Rayleigh wave phase velocity dispersion curves (periods 8-143 s) were extracted by sampling the 2D Rayleigh wave phase velocity maps at grid node locations spanning West Antarctica spaced at 100 km. The local 1D Rayleigh wave phase velocity dispersion curves were inverted for 1D shear wave (Vsv) structure to 200 km depth, and the ensemble of 1D shear wave (Vsv) profiles were subsequently gridded to produce the 3D shear wave (Vsv) model of West Antarctica uppermost mantle structure to 200 km depth. Funding was provided by the NERC standard grant NE/L006065/1.

  • 3D vertically-polarised shear wave (Vsv) velocity model of West Antarctic crustal structure developed using data from the 2016-2018 UK Antarctic Seismic Network (UKANET) and Polar Earth Observing Seismic Network (POLENET). Interstation Rayleigh and Love wave phase velocity dispersion measurements at periods of 8-25 seconds were extracted from seismic ambient noise cross-correlograms by automated frequency-time analysis (AFTAN). The ensemble of interstation Rayleigh wave dispersion measurements was used to develop 2D Rayleigh wave phase velocity maps of West Antarctica at periods of 8-25 seconds by Fast Marching Surface Tomography (FMST) on a grid with a node spacing of 0.75deg. ''Local'' 1D Rayleigh wave phase velocity dispersion curves were extracted by sampling the 2D Rayleigh wave phase velocity maps at grid node locations. The local 1D Rayleigh wave phase velocity dispersion curves were inverted for 1D shear wave (Vsv) structure to 40 km depth, and the ensemble of 1D shear wave (Vsv) profiles were subsequently gridded to produce the 3D shear wave (Vsv) model of West Antarctica from 10-40 km depth. Funding was provided by the NERC standard grant NE/L006065/1.

  • Dual-frequency GPS data from a single receiver installed on the surface of Rutford Ice Stream in West Antarctica. The instrument was operated from late 2004 to early 2007. Gaps in the data set occur, through periods of power loss in the winters and during station relocations. Funding was provided by NERC Antarctic Funding Initiative (AFI) GR3/G005, NERC under the British Antarctic Survey National Capability programme, Polar Science for Planet Earth, Leverhulme Trust Fellowship (to T Murray), and RCUK Academic Fellowship (to M A King).

  • Point data measurements of ice surface, ice base and lake bed elevation are given from Subglacial Lake Ellsworth (SLE), West Antarctica. The data were acquired during the austral summer of 2007-2008. Five seismic reflection lines were acquired over SLE, with surface elevation determined by dual frequency GPS. Funding was provided by NERC AFI, award numbers NE/D009200/1, NE/D008638/1 and NE/D008751/1. Logistics support: British Antarctic Survey. Equipment support: NERC Geophysical Equipment Facility (loan numbers 838 and 870).

  • This dataset is an estimate of sub ice shelf bathymetry beneath the Thwaites, Crosson and Dotson ice shelves. The output bathymetry is derived from a new compilation of gravity data collected up to the end of the 2018/19 field season. The input gravity dataset includes airborne data from Operation Ice Bridge (OIB) and the NERC/NSF International Thwaites Glacier Collaboration (ITGC), and marine gravity from the R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer cruise NBP19-02. The recovered bathymetry was constrained by swath bathymetry and onshore airborne radio-echo depth sounding data in the surrounding area. Ice shelves mask the critical link between the ocean and cryosphere systems, and hence accurate sub ice shelf bathymetry is critical for generating reliable models of future ice sheet change. Included in the data release is the input free air gravity data, constraining bathymetry/sub-ice topography, and output gravity derived bathymetry. This work was funded by the British Antarctic Survey core program (Geology and Geophysics team), in support of the joint Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)/ National Science Foundation (NSF) International Thwaites Glacier Collaboration (ITGC). Additional specific support came from NERC Grants: NE/S006664/1 and NE/S006419/1, and NSF Grants: NSF1842064, NSFPLR-NERC-1738942, NSFPLR-NERC-1738992 and NSFPLR-NERC-1739003.

  • Borehole temperature measurements from the upper 300 m of Rutford Ice Stream. A string of thermistors was installed into a hot-water drilled hole in February 2005. The string comprised 10 calibrated thermistors at approximately 30 m spacing. The temperature measurements provided were taken in February 2007, following ample time for the heat from the drilling process to have dissipated.

  • High-resolution simulation of summer climate over West Antarctica using the Polar-optimised version of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model conducted at British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, UK. Runs are conducted for summer (January-centred) 1980-2015, i.e. from December 1979 to February 2015, for December, January and February (DJF). Experiments were carried out for the NERC West Antarctic Grant (NE/K00445X/1) during 2014-2017. The project is aimed at understanding the variability and climatology over the West Antarctic ice sheet and ice shelves as well as to project the future change over the twenty-first century. The model outer domain encompasses the West Antarctic ice sheet and a large part of the surrounding ocean at 45 km horizontal grid spacing, and the nested (one-way) inner domain covers the Amundsen Sea Embayment at 15 km grid spacing. The model uses vertical eta coordinates with both domains have a model top of 50 hPa, and 30 vertical levels.