Seawater samples were collected from 15m at the Rothera time series (RaTS) site from February 2005 until March 2007. During summer 2005-2006 samples were analysed using a GC-MS (gas chromatograph mass selective detector) set up in the Bonner laboratory. At all other times samples were stored on solid sorbents at -20C and returned to UEA for analysis. All trace gas seawater samples were extracted by purging and the resulting samples were analysed for selected alkyl nitrates and organohalogens using a GC-MSD. The instrument was set-up in the Bonner Laboratory at Rothera between November 2005 and April 2006. Sampling was not possible between mid-October and late December 2005 as the sea-ice remaining in the bay was not safe enough to traverse but was too abundant to launch a boat.
Piston core PS1506, a repeat of core PS1387, was collected from a midslope bench on the continental margin on the southern limb of the Weddell Gyre in the vicinity of cores PS1388 and PS1389. At these core sites in the Weddell Sea, polynyas enabled continuous primary productivity and benthic life during glacial periods. PS1506 is situated at 2426 m water depth. The core is beneath the depth of the average modern saturation horizon based on the carbonate chemistry of eastern Weddell Sea waters but above the local CCD (carbonate compensation depth).
Echo-sounding data collected onboard ship during multiple cruises in the Southern Ocean between Oct 2002 and Jan 2006.
Conductivity-Temperature-Depth (CTD) profiles collected onboard ship during multiple cruises in the Southern Ocean between Oct 2002 and Jan 2006.
Vessel-mounted ACDP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler) data collected aboard RRS James Clark Ross cruise JR239 in 2010. Data were collected as part of the ANDREX (Antarctic Deep Water Rates of Export) project.
Air samples were collected at the Rothera Time-Series (RaTS) site, Marguerite Bay, during the 2008-2009 field season. These were collected in addition to the surface water samples, in order to allow for the calculation of the direction and rate of flux of the bromocarbons across the sea-to-air interface.
Laboratory data assessing the environmental factors which control photochemical alkyl nitrate production in seawater collected from the Southern Ocean, 2003-2006
During passage from Stanley (Falklands Islands) to South Georgia, Stanley to Rothera and within the Western Core Box, 14 depth profiles, 70 surface seawater samples and 60 air samples were analysed for trace gas concentrations. In the Western Core Box, 6 CTD casts (3 off-shelf and 3 on-shelf) were carried out. Seawater and air samples were analysed for selected alkyl nitrates and organohalogens using a gas chromatograph - mass selective detector (GC-MSD). Data collected on biological and physical processes occurring within these regions was also used to compare alkyl nitrate and organo-halogen dynamics in these two geographically-close but hydrodynamically different ocean regions.
During 2005-2006 season, water samples were collected from Ryder Bay at the Rothera Time Series (RaTS) site. A biogeochemical profile of water samples was conducted at 5 depths: 0m (surface), 5m, 10m, 15m and 25m In addition to this, primary productivity measurements using 14C-sodium bicarbonate in conjunction with water-cooled light gradient (photosynthetron) and also nutrient uptake measurements using 15N labelled stable isotopes, were performed on the water samples.
Conductivity-Temperature-Depth casts were conducted at Ryder Bay and Marguerite Bay from the James Clark Ross (cruise numbers: JR112/113, JR136/137, JR155 and JR174). The CTD casts at each site were made at a range of depths from the bottom to the surface waters with samples collected for macronutrients, particulate biogenic silica,carbon and nitrogen for later analysis.