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  • The M2M Thematic Programme funded 17 scientific investigation projects leading to more unified physical understanding of fluid flow distributions in heterogeneous rock. The programme focused on developing an understanding of the relationships between measured and modelled subsurface fluid flows spanning the range of spatial and temporal scales relevant to fluid resource management. The programme was motivated by the growing recognition that assumptions of uniformity at certain scales are inadequate for extrapolating fluid behaviour both in time and space. Research spanning a wide spectrum of observation and simulation scales was undertaken by the programme which can be divided into four themes: (1) understanding the natural processes which lead to scaling relationships between size and magnitude of rock and flow heterogeneity; (2) quantification of essential fluid flow properties and their spatial pattern from measurements;(3) identification of appropriate statistical models and scaling laws describing rock property heterogeneity and fluid-rock interactions in geological media;(4) understanding the relationships between rock property distributions and flow model parameter distributions.

  • The North Sea Interactive (NSI) project was an 8-month NERC funded project led by Heriot-Watt University, in collaboration with the BGS and NOC. The aim of the project was to develop a new decision-support tool that would translate existing marine environmental data into an interactive mapping product for the offshore oil and gas industry. The objectives of the project were achieved through the integration of the North Sea Benthos database (UKBenthos) with NERC's regional North Sea marine sediment data (BGS) and layers of modelled hydrodynamics (NOC). Aligning the biological, chemical, geological and hydrodynamic datasets in a single GIS product provides the oil industry and government regulators with a practical means of accessing this important archive of environmental data. The North Sea Benthos database (UKBenthos) was developed by Heriot-Watt University on behalf of UKOOA (now Oil and Gas UK) in the 1980s. Alongside macrobenthos, the database includes sediment properties, concentrations of aromatic compounds, total oil and metals. It currently includes data from 1975 to 2011 from 237 platforms and is continually being updated as new survey results are received by Oil and Gas UK.

  • 3He and 129Xe were introduced into a CO2 stream that was in injected into the Salt Creek oil field, Wyoming. Samples of the injected CO2 and gas recovered from nearby boreholes were collected and returned for compositional and noble gas isotopic analysis.

  • Scanned images of primary Geological Data resulting from deep underground coal exploration and exploitation. Collection of data includes reports, interpretations and records of research in British coalfield areas deposited by the Coal Authority. Data for past and current collieries and for future prospects. The majority of the collection was deposited with the National Geological Records Centre by the Coal Authority in July 2001. The collection includes borehole site plans, borehole logs , analyses and geophysical data etc. A large percentage of this data will eventually be linked to existing collections.

  • The BGS collection of paper and sepia geophysical logs from boreholes drilled by BGS and external organisations. The majority of the collection are in hard copy , but significant numbers are now available digitally. Covering the UK mainland and offshore from 1949 onwards. the commercial logs are mainly related to hydrocarbon , coal exploration or water wells. The collection covers Great Britain and the types of logs and the scales used will vary depending on the equipment available and the use of the data.

  • Prime Geological Data resulting from deep underground coal exploration and exploitation produced by the British Coal Board and/or its precursors. The collection dates back to the 18th century and covers all the British coal mining areas and includes borehole site plans, borehole logs, analyses and geophysical data etc. Apart from primary data relating to past and current collieries and for future prospects the information includes reports, interpretations and records of research. The majority of the collection was deposited with the National Geological Records Centre by the Coal Authority in July 2001.

  • Data resulting from deep underground coal exploration and exploitation. Collection of data, dating back to the 18th century, includes reports, interpretations and records of research in all British coalfield areas deposited by the British Coal Corporation. Data for past and current collieries and for future prospects. The majority of the collection was deposited with the National Geological Records Centre in July 2001. The collection includes borehole site plans, borehole logs , analyses and geophysical data etc. Records were selected for retention by British Coal Surveyors and BGS.

  • High level index to the contents of the boxes of Primary Geological Data resulting from deep underground coal exploration and exploitation in Great Britain donated by the Coal Authority in July 2001. Data for past and current collieries and for future prospects including borehole site plans, borehole logs , analyses and geophysical data etc. This index will diminish in importance as these data are merged with existing collections.

  • Primary Geological Data resulting from Open Cast Coal exploration. Collection of data includes reports, interpretations and records of research in British coalfield areas deposited by British Coal. Data for past and current collieries and for future prospects. The majority of the collection was deposited with the National Geological Records Centre by the Coal Authority in July 2001. The collection includes borehole site plans, borehole logs , analyses and geophysical data etc. BGS holdings of opencast data are to be integrated with these collections. New data from coal companies will be added as it is received.

  • Collection of reports, interpretations and records of research in British coalfield areas deposited by British Coal. Data for past and current collieries and for future prospects. Some 1000 linear feet (300m) of data. Information within the reports date from the 19th Century up to the present day.