The AATSR Reprocessing for Climate (ARC) dataset consists of Advanced Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR) multimission data which has been reprocessed using various algorithms and in-situ contemporaneous measurements, to provide update retrievals of Sea Surface Temperature (SST) and assess their accuracy. This dataset contains version 1.0 of the Level 3 sea surface temperature data product produced by the ARC project team. The main ARC objective was to reduce regional biases in retrieved sea surface temperature (SST) to less than 0.1 K for all global oceans while creating a very homogeneous record with a stability (lack of drift in the observing system and analysis) of 0.05 K decade.
The Infrared Sea surface temperature Autonomous (ISAR) measured the skin sea surface temperature for the (A)ATSR Validation Campaign. The ISAR was on-board MV Pride of Bilbao measured the skin sea surface temperature between Portsmouth, UK and Bilbao, Spain from 2004 to 2010. As MV Pride of Bilbao went out of service on mid-late 2010, the instrument was moved to MV Cap Finistere which travelled between Portsmouth, UK and Bilbao, Spain or Santander, Spain. The instrument was on-board the new platform between 2010 and 2012.
Skin Sea Surface Temperature data from the (A)ATSR Validation Campaign by SISTeR (Scanning Infrared Sea surface Temperature Radiometer). To ensure the accuracy of the (A)ATSR, there have been joint efforts to validate the measurement data. One of these efforts is the (A)ATSR Validation Campaign which involves the deployment of the Scanning Infrared Sea surface Temperature Radiometer (SISTeR). This dataset contains the SST data of the North Sea measured by the SISTeR on-board MS Prinsesse Ragnhild during her voyages in 2008 .
Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR) mission was funded jointly by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change External Link (DECC) and the Australian Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research External Link (DIISR). This dataset contains the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer on ESA ERS-1 satellite (ATSR-1) L2P sea surface temperature product. These data are full resolution data with dual-view Sea Surface Temperature (SST) values. Version 3.0 of this dataset have been produced with the ARC L2P processor version 1.2, which replaces the ARC SST processor. The processor applies its own algorithm to generate SST data from the Level 1B Data. This method differs from that used to produce the Gridded Surface Temperature (GST) products. This product also includes the ATSR Saharan Dust index (ASDI) and the clear-sky probability estimated by the ARC cloud detection algorithm.
A netcdf-formatted file containing the original binned data (described in Shore et al ), in their state before they were subjected to EOF analysis. These have had additional processing applied to the SuperMAG data (publically available at http://supermag.jhuapl.edu/) in the form of sampling them to the centroid of the bins, thus they are worth providing here despite the large file size (approximately 12GB). To conserve file space, we have removed empty bins, thus the temporal and spatial basis for these data are provided for each filled bin element. Please note that the binned data had not had the temporal mean values (described in Shore et al , and available in the Supporting Information) removed when they were stored in this netcdf file. The file contains 144 (monthly) sets of 8 variables. These variables are named: 1: filled_bin_data_YYYYMM_r 2: filled_bin_data_YYYYMM_theta 3: filled_bin_data_YYYYMM_phi Variables 1 to 3 contain the nanoTesla vales of the binned data for each of the three magnetic field components in the Quasi-Dipole frame. 4: filled_bin_contrib_stations_YYYYMM The three-letter SuperMAG acronym of the station which contributed to each 5-minute mean data point. 5: filled_bin_colats_YYYYMM 6: filled_bin_longs_YYYYMM Variables 5 and 6 are the co-latitude and longitude coordinates of each filled bin element. 7: filled_bin_times_YYYYMM The 5-minute-mean epoch of each filled bin element, with columns in the order: year, month, day, hour, minute, second). 8: filled_bin_indices_YYYYMM A set of fiducial values describing how the sparse elements of the 1D vector of filled bin values relate to the fiducials of the (transposed!) EOF prediction a 2D matrix product of the spatial and temporal eigenvectors with values in every bin. An example of the usage of these data is given in the MATLAB program Shore-ms01.m, provided in the Supporting Information of Shore et al . ***** PLEASE BE ADVISED TO USE VERSION 2.0 DATA ***** The VERSION 2.0 data set (see ''Related Data Set Metadata'' link below) has been corrected for a bug which led to the bins which span the local midnight meridian having fewer samples than they should. The data density in these bins is now in-line with the rest of the polar coverage. Apart from that change, the original and updated data sets are the same.
Microwave radiometer data at Halley Station, Antarctica, 2013-present
Adelie and Chinstrap penguins were fitted with a combined GPS and time-depth recorder (TDR) tags for between two and fourteen days in order to log their three-dimensional foraging trips. Tags were deployed between December and February of 2008 with a total of 19 Adelie penguin tracks and 35 Chinstrap penguin tracks.
Version 2.0 This data set contains mesospheric carbon monoxide (CO) data acquired by the ground-based microwave radiometer of the British Antarctic Survey (BAS radiometer) stationed at Troll station in Antarctica (72 deg S, 2.5 deg E, 1270 amsl). The BAS radiometer has been designed in order to study the effects of energetic particle precipitation on the middle and upper atmosphere, using nitric oxide and ozone measurements. This data set contains the CO measurements carried out in order to study the dynamical context. The data set covers the period from February 2008 to January 2010, however, due to very low CO concentrations below approximately 80 km altitude in summer, profiles can only be retrieved during Antarctic winter. CO is measured for approximately 2 hours each day (80 percent of the profiles are within +-2 hours around local noon) and profiles are retrieved approximately every half hour. The retrieved profiles, cover two independent layers in the pressure range from 1 to 0.01 hPa (approximately 48 to 80 km, altitude resolution of approximately 16 km). In this version of the data; an additional column of "apriori vmr" has been included in the data files.
A digital elevation model of the bed of Rutford Ice Stream, Antarctica, derived from radio-echo sounding data. The data cover an 18 x 40 km area immediately upstream of the grounding line of the ice stream. This area is of particular interest because repeated seismic surveys have shown that rapid erosion and deposition of subglacial sediments has taken place. The bed topography shows a range of different subglacial landforms including mega-scale glacial lineations, drumlins and hummocks. This dataset will form a baseline survey which, when compared to future surveys, should reveal how active subglacial landscapes change over time. The dataset comprises observed ice thickness data, an interpolated bed elevation grid, observed surface elevation data and a surface elevation grid.
The data set contains values of basal slipperiness (C) and the rate factor (A) for the whole of the Antarctic Ice Sheet. The slipperiness was estimated through model inversion from measurements of surface velocities (1) and ice thickness (2) using the ice-flow model Ua (3). The ice was assumed to deform according to Glen''s flow law with a stress exponent n=3. Basal sliding was assumed to follow Weertman sliding law with m=3, with u_b = C tau^m, where u_b is the basal sliding velocity and tau the (tangential) basal traction.