The dataset contains information on the crystallographic orientation and on the grain size of minerals in the brittle-viscous shear zones. The methodology used to generate it is polarized light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD)
Data has been recorded during triaxial rock deformation experiments where Lanhelin granite samples were subjected to dynamic and half-controlled shear failure. The data consists of mechanical data (load, displacement, confining pressure, strain gauge data), ultrasonic data (AE source locations and arrival times, sensor locations, arrival times of active acoustic surveys), and scanning electron microscope images of the samples after shear failure. Dataset contains all data necessary to evaluate the results presented in the paper entitled: 'Off-fault damage characterisation during and after experimental quasi-static and dynamic rupture in crystal rock from laboratory P-wave tomography and microstructures' by Aben, Brantut, and Mitchell, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth.
EngD thesis describing experiments carried out using a variety of sandstones. This thesis investigates the microbial response to 10 ppm oxygen and 100ppm oxygen in experiments representing deep saline aquifer conditions. All experiments were conducted using sandstone, artificial groundwater and a microbial community designed to represent conditions found within deep saline aquifers. A microbial community, containing sulphate reducing bacteria, was isolated and identified from sandstone samples and then used in the experiments. The experiments were batch microcosms, a high pressure bioreactor and column flow experiments. Analyses of these experiments were conducted through gas analysis, water chemistry and DNA analysis from microbial communities.
As an integral part of the investigations carried out at Sellafield, and to a lesser extent for the Dounreay boreholes, the cores from the boreholes were systematically examined by geologists and samples selected for detailed petrographic analysis. Thin sections were prepared from many of these samples. Some of the samples were then prepared for analysis using X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction or scanning electron microscopy. Samples containing fluid inclusions were prepared as doubly polished fluid inclusion wafers. Thin sections were prepared from soil materials obtained from the investigations of the Quaternary deposits. Particular attention was given to samples of the mineralisation that was identified in the formations at Sellafield. In addition to the samples from the boreholes, there are also some samples obtained from surface exposures that were examined during the regional surveys. The samples and sections have been catalogued and incorporated into the national collection by the British Geological Survey. The ownership of NIREX (Nuclear Industry Radioactive Waste Executive) was transferred from the nuclear industry to the UK Government departments DEFRA and DTI in April 2005, and then to the UK's Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) in November 2006.