During 2005-2006 season, water samples were collected from Ryder Bay at the Rothera Time Series (RaTS) site. A biogeochemical profile of water samples was conducted at 5 depths: 0m (surface), 5m, 10m, 15m and 25m In addition to this, primary productivity measurements using 14C-sodium bicarbonate in conjunction with water-cooled light gradient (photosynthetron) and also nutrient uptake measurements using 15N labelled stable isotopes, were performed on the water samples.
Dissolved oxygen concentrations were measured in discrete samples drawn from Niskin bottles in order to calibrate the oxygen sensor on the CTD. This work was carried out on James Clark Ross cruise JR158, Southern Ocean, 2007
This dataset comprises neodymium (Nd) isotopic compositions measured on 145 samples of aragonitic deep-sea corals from the Drake Passage of the Southern Ocean. Most of the samples were previously collected on expeditions NBP0805 and NBP1103 on the RV Nathaniel B. Palmer. The samples include glacial, deglacial and Holocene aged specimens and most are from 0-40 ka BP (thousand years before present) based on uranium-thorium dating. Neodymium isotope analyses were conducted by either thermal ionisation mass spectrometry (TIMS) or multi-collector inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) in the MAGIC laboratories at Imperial College London by David Wilson, Torben Struve and Tina van de Flierdt. In the modern ocean, dissolved Nd isotopes are a quasi-conservative water mass tracer, while past compositions of seawater are recorded in deep-sea corals. This dataset therefore provides evidence on the proportions of Atlantic versus Pacific waters admixed in the Southern Ocean through time, which places crucial constraints on global deep water chemistry and circulation dynamics during past climate events. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/N001141/1. Related datasets are associated with grant NE/N003861/1. Both grants funded the project "Bridging the Timing Gap: Connecting Late Pleistocene Southern Ocean and Antarctic Climate Records".
Two moorings were deployed and recovered using the James Clark Ross (cruise numbers: JR112/113, JR155). One was deployed in Ryder Bay at the Rothera Oceanographic and Biological Time Series (RaTS) oceanographic station midway between Rothera Point and Leonie Islands. The other was deployed in deep water in northern Marguerite Bay. The moorings were used to monitor particle flux, currents, salinity and temperature. Two sediment traps on each mooring were used to measure biogenic flux from surface waters to the seafloor and quantify changes down the water column.
Water samples were collected from Ryder Bay at the Rothera Time-Series (RaTS) site, using a small boat. A biogeochemical profile was performed at the following 5 depths: 0m (surface), 5m, 10m, 15m and 25m, for four RaTS events on: 7 January, 13 January, 19 January and 1 February 2005. Samples were taken for: phytoplankton nitrate, ammonium and urea uptake measurements, using stable isotope incubations and also primary production PvE curves were produced using 14C radioisotope incubations; Dissolved macronutrients (nitrate, silicate, phosphate, and urea); Surface dissolved iron. A scaled-down sampling RaTS event was performed by the Rothera Marine Assistants involving sampling for all above measurements once every 3 weeks at the 5m depth only at the RaTS site.