During 2005-2006 season, water samples were collected from Ryder Bay at the Rothera Time Series (RaTS) site. A biogeochemical profile of water samples was conducted at 5 depths: 0m (surface), 5m, 10m, 15m and 25m In addition to this, primary productivity measurements using 14C-sodium bicarbonate in conjunction with water-cooled light gradient (photosynthetron) and also nutrient uptake measurements using 15N labelled stable isotopes, were performed on the water samples.
Conductivity-Temperature-Depth casts were conducted at Ryder Bay and Marguerite Bay from the James Clark Ross (cruise numbers: JR112/113, JR136/137, JR155 and JR174). The CTD casts at each site were made at a range of depths from the bottom to the surface waters with samples collected for macronutrients, particulate biogenic silica,carbon and nitrogen for later analysis.
This dataset is referring to 2-year time series of particle flux, as measured by two deep moored sediment traps (P2, P3) located in the Southern Ocean (northern Scotia Sea sector), a globally important region of atmospheric CO2 drawdown containing both naturally iron-fertilised (P3) and iron-limited (P2) regimes. The dataset includes the main biogeochemical flux parameters (such as Bsi, POC and PIC) as well as the specific contribution of each part of the plankton calcifying community (pteropods, foraminifera, coccolithphores and ostracods) to the PIC within a period from April 2009 to February 2011. The dataset allows the estimation of the Carbonate Counter Pump (CCP), which causes an increase in surface ocean CO2 through the calcification and precipitation of carbonate.
Box core samples were analysed for carbon and nitrogen isotopes, barium, aluminium and uranium and other lithogenic dust. Core dating was calculated and population analyses were used to determine species composition. The box cores were collected on the James Clark Ross (cruise numbers: JR112/113, JR136/137 and JR155) in January 2005 and December 2006. Swath bathymetry was also taken to identify optimum coring sites.
Sediment traps were deployed and recovered and CTD/rosette casts were taken at two sites, one in Ryder Bay and one in Marguerite Bay. Biogeochemical proxy signals of nutrients and organic matter were assessed in sea ice compared to the open water column. The flux of this material in time series sediment traps located to two depths below the sampling site was also followed. Past changes in these proxy signals in Ryder Bay were also investigated from box core material taken from the study site.