nonCciKeyword

EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Snow/Ice > Snow/Ice Chemistry

14 record(s)

 

Type of resources

Keywords

Topics

INSPIRE themes

Contact for the resource

Provided by

Update frequencies

Regions

GEMET keywords

From 1 - 10 / 14
  • Seventy-nine Antarctic ice core snow accumulation records were gathered as part of a community led project coordinated by the PAGES Antarctica 2k working group. Individual ice core records (kg m2 yr-1) were normalised relative to a reference period (1960-1990). The normalised records were separated into seven geographical regions and averaged together to form the regional composites. The seven geographical regions are: East Antarctica; Wilkes Land Coast; Weddell Sea Coast; Antarctic Peninsula; West Antarctic Ice Sheet; Victoria Land; and Dronning Maud Land. Full data description and methods can be found in Thomas et al., 2017. This record also includes the original data, from which the composite records were produced. This dataset represents an updated version of another published dataset. The update was necessary due to erroneous data contained in the files. Please use this corrected dataset in preference to the other one.

  • Dissolved inorganic and organic nutrient concentrations, dissolved organic carbon concentrations and glacier algal cell abundance are quantified for supraglacial environments in the Dark Zone of the Greenland Ice Sheet during July and August 2016. Samples include surface ice with varying degrees of visible impurities, cryoconite hole water and supraglacial stream water. Surface ice samples are comprised of the top 2 cm of a 1x1 m ice surface area. Dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN), dissolved organic nitrogen (DON), dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP), dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) were quantified for all ice surface, supraglacial stream and cryoconite hole water samples collected. Glacier algae abundance was quantified for ice surface samples. Field blank corrections were conducted for all DIN, DON, DIP, DOP and DOC data. Any values resulting below the instrument limit of detection were considered to be 0. Funding was provided by the NERC ''Black and Bloom'' grant NE/M021025/1 and the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No 675546.

  • This dataset provides a 308 year (1703-2010) annual snow accumulation record from the Ferrigno 2010 (F10) ice core. The 136 m core was drilled on the Bryan Coast in Ellsworth Land, West Antarctica, during the austral summer 2010/11. The record was measured using the summer peak in nonsea-salt (nss) SO4, in approximately January to December. Snow accumulation is converted to meters of water equivalent (weq - m) based on measured density profile and correcting for thinning using the Nye model, assuming vertical strain rate. Samples were measured at 5 cm resolution, corresponding to approximately eight samples per year. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/J020710/1.

  • This dataset provides a 298 year (1712-2010) annual snow accumulation record from the Bryan Coast (BC11) ice core. The 140 m core was drilled on the Bryan Coast in Ellsworth Land, West Antarctica, during the austral summer 2010/11. The record was measured using the summer peak in non sea salt (nss) SO4, in approximately January to December. Snow accumulation is converted to meters of water equivalent (weq - m) based on measured density profile and correcting for thinning using the Nye model, assuming vertical strain rate. Samples were measured at 5 cm resolution, corresponding to approximately eight samples per year. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/J020710/1.

  • This dataset provides a 308 year (1702-2009) deuterium isotope record from the Ferrigno 2010 (F10) ice core. The core was drilled on the Bryan Coast in Ellsworth Land, West Antarctica, during the austral summer 2010/11. The record was measured using a Los Gatos Liquid Water Isotope Analyser at 5cm resolution, corresponding to ~14 samples per year, with annual averages calculated for January-December. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/J020710/1

  • Between December 2012 and March 2013, snow measurements were conducted at both Gourlay Snowfield and Tuva Glacier, Signy Island. Sites are denoted ''TX'' and ''GY'', where ''X'' and ''Y'' are numbers representing one of nine snowpits in a grid at Tuva and Gourlay respectively. Measurements include snow water equivalent and chemical properties. Snow thickness was measured during the surveys (and opportunistically following fresh snowfall events) at all 18 snow pits using an avalanche probe (average of 3 readings per sampling site). Snow density was also assessed at each site using a 1L pvc. snow tube. The thickness of the superimposed ice was measured at the beginning and at the end of the season after excavation using an ice axe. In order to calculate the proportion of the total winter accumulation that was transformed into superimposed ice by refreezing, its density was assumed to be 0.9 kg L-1. Three surveys at each of the 18 sites were conducted for biogeochemical conditions: ''top'' refers to the upper 20cm; ''mid'' refers to the rest of the snow; and ''ice'' is the basal ice (refrozen snowmelt on top of last summer''s surface). Key chemical properties determined include pH, dissolved organic carbon, total dissolved inorganic carbon, ammonium, chlorophyll and major ions. Funding was provided by the NERC grants NE/H014446/1 and NE/H014802/1.

  • Seventy-nine Antarctic ice core snow accumulation records were gathered as part of a community led project coordinated by the PAGES Antarctica 2k working group. Individual ice core records (kg m2 yr-1) were normalised relative to a reference period (1960-1990). The normalised records were separated into seven geographical regions and averaged together to form the regional composites. The seven geographical regions are: East Antarctica; Wilkes Land Coast; Weddell Sea Coast; Antarctic Peninsula; West Antarctic Ice Sheet; Victoria Land; and Dronning Maud Land. Full data description and methods can be found in Thomas et al., 2017. This record also includes the original data, from which the composite records were produced. Due to erroneous data contained in the files, this dataset has been superseded by a corrected version. Please use that corrected dataset in preference to this one to avoid the problem. The DOI for the updated data is: 10.5285/cc1d42de-dfe6-40aa-a1a6-d45cb2fc8293

  • This dataset provides an annual snow accumulation record from the Gomez (GZ07) ice core, dating back to the 1850s. The 136 m core was drilled on the South-western Antarctic Peninsula, during January 2007. The annual accumulation record was derived using two methods: a winter-winter value determined from the winter trough in H2O2 and nonsea-salt (nns) SO4 and a summer-summer value based on the summer peak in H2O2 and nssSO4. Snow accumulation is converted to meters of water equivalent (weq - m) based on measured density profile and correcting for thinning using the Nye model, assuming a linear vertical strain rate through the total depth of the core. The samples were analysed at very high resolution (approximately 10 mm, average 90 samples per year) using the Continuous Flow Analysis with Trace Elements-Dual (CFA-TED) method. The temporal length of the core is 152 years, encompassing 1855-2006 and the estimated uncertainty in the dating is plus/minus 1 year from 1855 to 1875 and less than 1 year from 1875 to 2006.

  • Measurements of the concentrations of major ions in snow samples, Halley Station, 2004-2005. Snow was collected using surface sampling and snow pits and analysed using ion chromatography. This work was carried out at Halley Station, as part of the Chemistry of the Antarctic Boundary Layer and the Interface with Snow (CHABLIS) project (2001-2006).

  • Snow and ice samples were taken from Moutonnee, Ablation and Citadel Bastion lakes on Alexander Island. Isotopic analyses of Oxygen, Carbon and Deuterium were conducted on the samples.