nonCciKeyword

Animal behaviour

33 record(s)

 

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  • The dataset records the annual number of occupied Marsh Tit breeding territories in 74 individual woods and woodland patches in 14 English counties for variable periods between 2002 and 2020. Different woods were surveyed from between one spring period and for up to 17 annual springs. Territory counts were derived from a standard highly-repeatable survey methodology or from more intensive population studies that produced high quality results. Marsh Tits are a small (10 g) songbird that are specialists of mature deciduous and mixed woodlands and have undergone a substantial population decline in Britain over recent decades. Because of their large territories, Marsh Tits are difficult to monitor by passive surveys, and so these specific and more accurate methodologies were used. This data can be used to compare with other woods using the same or a comparable methodology, investigate population trends or population-habitat relationships, or to monitor population change in future repeat surveys of the same woods. The data is georeferenced and each of the 237 individual records provides the Great Britain Ordnance Survey (OSGB) National Grid x and y coordinates of the surveyed wood, and also the woodland area surveyed, name and location (county name) of the wood, year of survey, woodland type and survey method. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/8d1b93d7-b8cf-4df1-9a5d-352dc16c5195

  • This dataset describes the seed dispersal process of both invaded (presence of Linepithema humile) and non-invaded (absence of L. humile) ant communities. Data were collected from Jonkershoek Nature Reserve (33°55'51"S, 18°51'16"E) in South Africa, during the summer months of 2014 (November-December), 2015 (January-February), and 2017 (January-February). - Experiment 1: Ant community structure of both invaded and non-invaded ant communities was determined using a series of pitfall and baiting traps. - Experiment 2: Ant communities were presented with seeds (from twelve plant species) via a cafeteria setup and the rate of removal was measured over three hours. - Experiment 3: Seeds were presented to nests of both the invasive L. humile and six native ant species, after 24 hours nests were cast with dental plaster and excavated. The seeds were retrieved, and their burial depths were recorded. Data were collected from all three experiments to test hypothesis about the dispersal ability of the dominant seed dispersing ant species in both invaded and non-invaded ant communities. Funding was received from a NERC-Case studentship (NE/K007076/1) and Varley-Gradwell Travelling Fellowship. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/ecd04881-fd86-45e2-99e1-f0ec61324329

  • This dataset contains data on the movement of the seabird tick, Ixodes uriae, in an artificial arena. 24 adult female and 24 nymphal I. uriae were collected on the Isle of May, Scotland on the 25th-27th March 2014 and 18th July 2013 respectively. Nymphal ticks were taken from boiler suits worn by field workers, and adult female ticks were taken from cracks in the rock face. They were then transported to a laboratory where they were individually placed in an artificial arena, composed of a single A1 piece of paper and 30 cm high walls. Straight line distances moved were then measured at fixed time intervals. This work was part of a NERC-funded PhD project looking at interactions between avian colonial social structure and tick-borne pathogen dynamics. Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/aec8b5b2-642b-41ae-8c30-36a4388411cb

  • This dataset contains home range size, habitat availability and selection ratio data, calculated from GPS data fixes collected from individual European nightjars, in four concurrent years (2015-2018). Home ranges are 95% areas of use, presented in hectares. Habitat availability data are presented as the percentage (%) of each habitat category (n = 6, pooled from 14 original habitat types) available to each individual within their 95% home range. Selection ratios are Manly Selection Ratios for 14 habitat types and express the extent to which each habitat type is used by each individual bird, compared to how much of it is available. Selection Ratios >1 express positive selection – i.e. used more than expected, given availability. Selection Ratios <1 express avoidance – i.e. used less than expected, given availability. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/d5cc1b92-6862-4475-8aa1-5936786d12ab

  • [This dataset is embargoed until July 1, 2021]. This data set contains nematode community data for soil samples collected from two different land uses (farmland and forest) in the Peri urban area of Ningbo China. Samples were collected seasonally between April 2017 and January 2018. Nematodes were removed from soil using density centrifugation, DNA extractions were then carried out on these extracted nematodes and directed TRFLP was used to obtain a measure of nematode community structure. Data are relative fluorescence for each TRFLP peak and have been Hellinger transformed. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/8ae9c761-3cf9-4709-8632-c4051a244825

  • This dataset derives from cross-over experiments using ant worker rescue behaviour towards caterpillars of the socially parasitic butterfly from two host-ecotypes. The data comprise datasets collected from four 4 experiments 3 hours after testing and from 4 experiments 7 days later. They all include nest numbers, the order of retrieval ranked by the attention of nurse ants to the ant pupae, large larvae and small larvae and the adult Maculinea rebeli. The data give the rank order of test items as they were rescued in order to explain social status achieved in natural and unnatural host colonies. This dataset is part of the study of mimetic host shifts in an endangered social parasite of ants, which is a joint study of the NERC's Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (UK), the University of Oxford (UK), University of Bialystok (Poland), Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland) and UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (Germany). Detailed research method can be found in Thomas et al. (2012) Mimetic host shifts in an endangered social parasite of ants. Proc. R. Soc. B vol. 280 no.1751. (http://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.2336) Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/d6a8bc3d-b6fb-47bc-a693-612e2454cf50

  • This dataset contains GPS data fixes (WGS84 format) from 32 European nightjars (Caprimulgus europaeus) . The data contains additional information on identity of the bird, date, time of fix acquisition, and the associated site and night number (between 6 and 17 nights of data, varying between individuals). These data were collected on the Humberhead peatlands NNR, South Yorkshire, from 2015 until 2018. Birds were caught in mist nets and tail-mounted miniaturised GPS tags (Pathtrack, Otley, UK; <3% bird bodyweight) were fitted by BTO-licensed researchers. Data were collected as part of a NERC ACCE-funded PhD. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/aa20f8c4-bbdb-4dfa-82b4-b9b3fd8f34eb

  • The data are the habitat association (phi coefficient of association) of ground beetles (Carabidae) in Great Britain. The analysis used all 100 m carabid records from the NBN Atlas website for the analysis. The habitats are those from the CEH Land Cover Map 2015 (LCM2015) and for each beetle species each habitat has a score between 1 and -1 representing association through to disassociation and a p-value giving significance of the association score. The recommended output shows habitat weighted analysis using an absence threshold of fourteen other species. Five other versions are also provided, with thresholds of seven and 28 and the unweighted versions of the analysis, to allow the user to ascertain for themselves confidence in the association of a habitat to a species. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/ce0a6690-9277-4880-a20a-b30477bf8646

  • Data comprise monitoring records of a population of Gryllus campestris, a flightless, univoltine field cricket that lives in and around burrows excavated among the grass in a meadow in Asturias (North Spain). The area has an altitude range from around 60 to 270 metres above sea level. The data include birth and death days, age at capture, air temperature and calling activity. Data were collected from 2006 to 2016. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/5c8c8f74-5287-4251-87f7-2b965b400624

  • The data consist of eight datasets on stickleback fish personality data. Data are on catch order, mean time spent out of cover, proportion of time fish spent out of cover, sex differences for the catch order, sex differences for the catch order on two occasions and sex differences in the proportion of time spent out of cover. A laboratory population of three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) were filmed and timed using a high definition camera. The work was carried out between March 2012 and February 2013 at The Structure and Motion Laboratory, Royal Veterinary College.The work was funded by a BBSRC studentship and NERC (grant NE/H016600/2 Does diversity deliver? How variation in individual knowledge and behavioural traits impact on the performance of animal groups) All animal care and experimental procedures described here were approved as non-regulatory procedures by the Ethics and Welfare Committee of the Royal Veterinary College, London (URN 2011 1084). Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/9c7fe956-0ae6-46b6-bca2-2be5778e46bd