Type of resources
Contact for the resource
This dataset was collected during two Antarctic field seasons (2013-14, 2014-15) using the DEep LOoking Radio-Echo Sounder (DELORES), a ground-based ice-penetrating radar system that was designed and built by the British Antarctic Survey. It is an updated version of the radar used by Hindmarsh and others (2011). The system emits 2500 radio-wave pulses per second with a centre frequency of 4 MHz and samples the return at 250 MHz. Vertical resolution is approximately 30 cm. The radar is towed across the ice-sheet surface behind a skidoo at approximately 15 km h -1 and 512 complete traces are staked for each stored record, resulting in stacked traces approximately every 85 cm.
Radio-echo sounding data was collected using 150 MHz ice-penetrating radars with bandwidths of 15-20 MHz. This data was collected as part of the seven nation Antarctica''s Gamburtsev Province (AGAP) expedition during the International Polar Year 2007-2009, and used to acquire a detailed image of the ice sheet bed deep in the interior of East Antarctica. Airborne geophysical methods were used to understand the fundamental structure shrouded beneath Dome A. Two twin Otter aircraft - one BAS, one United States Antarctic Program (USAP) - equipped with ice-sounding radars, laser ranging systems, gravity meters and magnetomemeters, operated from camps located on either side of Dome A.
This dataset includes ~3,000 line km of radio-echo sounding data along the English Coast of western Palmer Land in the Antarctic Peninsula. Data was acquired by the British Antarctic Survey Polarimetric-radar Airborne Science Instrument (PASIN2) ice sounding radar system in the austral summer of 2016/2017. Radar lines collected at ~3-5 km line spacing transect a number of outlet glacier flows, close to the grounding line, where continental ice begins to float. Data were funded by a BAS National Capability grant.
This database provides access to internal layers digitised from airborne radio-echo sounding (RES) surveys conducted across the Antarctic Ice Sheet by a consortium of the UK Scott Polar Research Institute, US National Science Foundation and the Technical University of Denmark between 1974 and 1979. The internal layers at the time of surveying were only recorded onto film. In 2004 the original film records were scanned into a digital database, and from 2004-2006 ''digitised'' internal layers were retrieved from the new electronic records. The database contains digitised internal layers from the original analogue records, as well as 3-dimensional visualisations of the internal layers overlaid over Antarctic subglacial topography (BEDMAP). The RES surveys conducted by this SPRI-NSF-TUD consortium took in approximately 400,000 km of flight track across both the West and East Antarctic Ice Sheets. Covering ~70% of the ice sheet overall. The surveys were driven principally by a desire to measure ice thickness, but also captured numerous internal layers existing through most of the depth profile across large swathes of the ice sheet. Compilation of the database was sponsored by the NERC Centre for Polar Observation and Modelling, and the data is hosted by NERC/British Antarctic Survey.