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  • Wessex Archaeology (WA) was commissioned by Cadw to acquire, process and interpret marine geophysical data over a number of known and suspected wreck site locations off the coast of Wales. This survey was conducted under the Protection of Wrecks Act (1973) contract and the data is Crown Copyright©. The data were acquired and processed by Wessex Archaeology. The marine geophysical surveys targeted a total of nine suspected wreck locations in Milford Haven area, off the coast of South Wales, seven of which represent the locations for the remains of 19th century Welsh vessels associated with the coal mining industry. Additional survey data were acquired over two 20th century sites within the Milford Haven, the Thor and the Sunderland. The acquisition of these data aimed to assist RCAHMW maritime team and the Sunderland Trust with on-going archaeological research and fund-raising. The marine geophysical surveys also targeted a total of ten suspected and known wreck site locations off the coast of Lleyn peninsula in North Wales. These included eight unconfirmed positions of 19th century Welsh vessels associated with the slate mining industry, two designated sites the Diamond and the Tal-Y-Bont, and the marine hazard of St Patrick’s Causeway with the aim of discovering new wreck sites. The project aimed to acquire marine geophysical data consisting of high resolution sidescan sonar and magnetic gradiometer data over a total of total of 21 known and suspected wreck positions and along the known marine hazard of St. Patrick’s Causeway. Since the sites were located in two different areas, they were surveyed during two separate surveys from the Pembroke based vessel Blue Shark. The first session surveyed sites mostly off Milford Haven in south Wales between 17th and 18th April 2010. The second session surveyed sites off the coast of Lleyn peninsula and along St. Patrick’s Causeway in north Wales between 23rd April 2010 and 2nd May 2010 with a day of mobilisation and a day of demobilisation at the start and end of the survey session. The geology and geophysics component of the data are archived at British Geological Survey (BGS) MEDIN Data Archive Centre (DAC) for Geology and Geophysics. Data were also provided to other archive centres as appropriate.

  • This geophysical survey has been carried out by British Geological Survey (BGS) for BGS, the survey took place in July 1989 off the coast of East Anglia on board the MV Shorething. The purpose was to collect data as part of the UK mapping programme for 1:50k special sheets. Sea floor data were collected using echosounder. Sub-bottom profiling data were collected using surface tow boomer and sidescan sonar. These data are archived by BGS. No BGS survey report currently available.

  • The Institute of Geological Sciences now British Geological Survey (BGS) were invited by French institutes BRGM and CNEXO to participate in a magnetic and shallow seismic survey in the English channel between Cherbourg and Falmouth on the first operational cruise of the new French oceanographic ship Noroit in August 1971.

  • Wessex Archaeology was commissioned by English Heritage to undertake a project entitled ‘Wrecks on the Seabed: Assessment, Evaluation and Recording’. The project was supported by that part of the Aggregate Levy Sustainability Fund (ALSF) distributed by English Heritage. The specific aim of this project was to provide industry, regulators and contractors with guidance on the archaeological assessment, evaluation and recording of wreck sites. ‘Assessment, evaluation and recording’ are taken to include various methods of archaeological investigation that are intended to improve the understanding, preservation and appreciation of the historic environment. The term ‘wreck site’ is taken to include the remains on the seabed of both watercraft and aircraft. As part of a variation of this project Wessex Archaeology was commissioned by English Heritage to undertake a geophysical survey of four designated historic wrecks (A1 submarine, Hazardous, Invincible and Mary Rose) which focussed on the development and testing of methodology for rapid in situ recording using geophysical techniques. The geophysical survey included the use of multibeam echosounder, magnetometer and sub bottom profiler. The survey was undertaken from the 12.5 m Aquastar survey vessel Emu Surveyor belonging to Emu Ltd between 11th and 26th June 2003. The geology and geophysics component of the data are archived at British Geological Survey (BGS) MEDIN Data Archive Centre (DAC) for Geology and Geophysics. Data were also provided to other archive centres as appropriate.

  • Wessex Archaeology (WA) was commissioned by English Heritage (EH) to undertake geophysical surveys as part of the project entitled ‘Wrecks on the Seabed: Assessing, Evaluating and Recording’, supported by Round 2 of the Aggregate Levy Sustainability Fund (ALSF). The specific aim of this project was to provide industry, regulators and contractors with guidance on the archaeological assessment, evaluation and recording of wreck sites. ‘Assessment, evaluation and recording’ are taken to include various methods of archaeological investigation that are intended to improve the understanding, preservation and appreciation of the historic environment. Geophysical surveys were conducted over five wreck site areas. This archive relates to the geophysical survey over the Liberator, an unknown wreck, and the submarine U86. Sidescan sonar and magnetometer data were acquired from the vessel Wessex Explorer on the 9th and 12th August 2005 and the multibeam echosounder data were acquired on the 15th and 19th August 2005. The geology and geophysics component of the data are archived at British Geological Survey (BGS) MEDIN Data Archive Centre (DAC) for Geology and Geophysics. Data were also provided to other archive centres as appropriate.

  • This geophysical magnetic survey has been carried out by, Institute of Geological Sciences (IGS) now British Geological Survey (BGS) in cooperation with Hydrogrphic Department of the Navy for BGS, the survey took place from spring/summer 1972 in the western English Channel on board the MV Researcher. The purpose was to collect data as part of a regional geophysical survey programme. Details of the survey are contained in IGS Annual Report 1972.

  • This British Geological Survey (BGS) regional marine geophysical and sampling survey took place from August to September 1975 in North Sea on board the MV Whitethorn. The purpose was to gather data which could be used to map the regional geology of the area. Seabed samples and cores were collected using Shipek grab, sediment dredge, Gravity corer and Vibrocorer. Sea floor data were collected using a echo-sounder. Subsurface data were gathered using seismic equipment (Pinger and Sparker). These data are archived by BGS. Technical details of the survey are contained in BGS Internal Report 75/14.

  • Report: Armstrong, EJ. 1979. Cruise Report for Project 79/14, West Shetland and Project 79/15, Bosies Bank. (IGS Report No 101). Project 79/14 was designed to provide regional geophysical coverage of the Foula sheet, of the IGS 1:250000 map series, on a N-S, E-W grid of lines at approximately 15km by 9 km spacing. A number of gravity lines were also to be run over the Orkney sheet to complete gravity coverage in that area. In addition, some regional geophysical lines were to be surveyed on the Halibut Bank sheet after a study of the FLAGS pipeline route with the Huntec deep tow boomer. The watergun provided superior records to those of the airgun giving resolution comparable to the sparker in fair weather, down to 800ms of sediments. Up to 400ms penetration was achieved by the sparker, while the boomer provided good resolution in the shallow section. In depths less than 300m the transit sonar was used.

  • Report: Armstrong, EJ. 1979. Cruise Report for Project 79/14, West Shetland and Project 79/15, Bosies Bank. (IGS Report No 101). The aim of Project 79/15 was completion of regional geophysical coverage of the Bosies Bank sheet, of the IGS 1:250000 map series, on a grid ot NS-EW lines at approximately 10km by 10km spacing. Early in leg 1 the deep tow boomer failed and was out of operation for two days. The sparker results obtained were of good quality, as were those from the deep tow boomer when it was redeployed. The deep tow boomer, 1kJ sparker, transit sonar and watergun were run on all lines in leg 2, until maintenance on the watergun necessitated replacing it with a 40 cu.in. airgun. Both the airgun and watergun achieved up to 0.7s penetration. Pinger results were generally inferior to the boomer except in good weather and so were not used on all lines.