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  • This dataset contains particle number size distribution (PNSD) measurements made at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics land station, Beijing (IAP-Beijing) site during the summer APHH-Beijing campaign for the Atmospheric Pollution & Human Health in a Chinese Megacity (APHH) programme. A University of Birmingham Particle Size Magnifier (PSM) and 2 Scanning Mobility Particle Size Spectrometer (SMPS) systems were deployed to measure PNSD from 1.5 to 615 nm. This dataset contains two files. The number file shows the concentration of particles in each size bin, whilst the dN/dlogDp file shows the data as a lognormal function of diameter.

  • This dataset contains wind speed and direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, nitric oxide, nitric dioxide, nitric oxides, sulphur dioxide, carbon dioxide, ozone and pm2.5 based on a newly built-up rural site at Xibaidian, Pinggu district, Beijing in winter 2016 and summer 2017. The data were taken for the APHH-Beijing campaign for the Effects of air pollutions on cardiopulmonary disease in urban and peri-urban residents in Beijing (AIRLESS) project as part of the Atmospheric Pollution & Human Health in a Chinese Megacity (APHH) programme. Instruments were deployed on the roof of a one-story building in the far north end of a village, where most of the subjects resided nearby. Northern winds tend to bring relatively clean background air. In contrast, winds from the south are often contaminated by emissions from traffic and industries. The following instruments were used: 1. Meteorological parameter: TH16A meteorological station 2. NOx: TEI 42 trace level chemiluminescence NOx Analyzer; 3. SO2: Ecotech EC9850 Sulfur Dioxide Analyzer 4. CO: Ecotech EC9830 Carbon Monoxide Analyzer 5. O3: Ecotech EC9810 Ozone Analyzer 6. PM2.5: Met One BAM 1020 The dataset was collected in Xibaidian, Pinggu district, Beijing for the Effects of air pollutions on cardiopulmonary disease in urban and peri-urban residents in Beijing (AIRLESS) project can provide ambient level of air pollutant in rural Beijing, enabling better understanding of the exposure level for local residents and potential examination for the related health effects.

  • This dataset contains chemical composition measurements of PM2.5 particles made at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics land station (IAP), Beijing site during the winter APHH-Beijing campaign for the Atmospheric Pollution & Human Health in a Chinese Megacity (APHH) programme. Daily fine particles were collected on the PTFE (Polytetrafluoroethylene) filters using the Partisol samplers. The filters were then analysed for metals using X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS), and for ion species using Ion Chromatography. Quartz filters were collected by Tisch high vol, samplers and then were analysed for organic and elemental carbons using the DRI Model 2015 Multiwavelength Thermal/Optical Carbon Analyser, and organic tracers using Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS).

  • This dataset contains atmospheric nitrous acid (HONO) measurements made at the IAP-Beijing site during the summer and winter APHH-Beijing campaign for the Atmospheric Pollution & Human Health in a Chinese Megacity (APHH) programme. HONO data was obtained using a commercial (QUMA) Long Path Absorption Photometer (LOPAP) instrument and calibrated using liquid nitrite standards. Data are averaged over 5 mins, the time stamp represents the start time of each averaging period. Missing data are either due to baseline measurements, calibrations or instrument malfunction. They are not retrievable.

  • This dataset contains Laser induced fluorescence (LIF) OH reactivity measurements made at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics land station (IAP), Beijing site during the winter and summer APHH-Beijing campaigns for the Atmospheric Pollution & Human Health in a Chinese Megacity (APHH) programme. The Leeds OH reactivity instrument measures OH reactivity by photolysing ozone at 266 nm to produce OH, decay of OH with ambient air is measured with LIF (laser induced fluorescence) at 308 nm. The results generate a bi-exponential curve and a line of best fit can be used to calculate OH lifetime. The instrument is calibrated by flowing air zero through the instrument. The units for OH reactivity is in s-1. The data has been filtered for instrument instabilities such as pressure, laser power, high background (laser scatter) and laser alignment

  • This dataset contains direct measurement of solar actinic UV flux from which photolysis frequencies are calculated made at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics land station (IAP), Beijing site during the summer and winter APHH-Beijing campaigns for the Atmospheric Pollution & Human Health in a Chinese Megacity (APHH) programme. Photolysis rates were derived from the product of absorption cross-section of the precursor molecule, the quantum yield of the photo-product and the actinic flux density (cm-2s-1nm-1). The actinic flux is measured between 280 - 650 nm (<1 nm resolution) using a spectral radiometer attached to a quartz receiver optic. Absorption cross sections and quantum yields are taken from the latest IUPAC recommendations. The instrument was calibrated between 250 - 750 nm using a spectral Irradiance of Standard Tungsten-Halogen lamp before and after the campaign.

  • This dataset contains ozone, NO, NO2, NOX, SO2 and PM2.5 air quality and meteorological measurements from two campaigns undertaken in Guangzhou, China in 2019. NO, NO2 and NOX were measured by Chemiluminescence with a Thermo scientific 42i-TL. Ozone were measured via UV with a Thermo scientific 49i. PM2.5 were measured by a continuous particulate monitor (BAM-1020, Met One instruments Inc). SO2 were measured via Pulsed fluorescence with a Thermo scientific 43i-TLE. This data were collected as part of the NERC project Investigating the large source of particulate mass from nitrophenols observed in Beijing during winter haze events (NITRO-PM).

  • This dataset contains atmospheric nitrous acid (HONO) combined measurements made at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics land station (IAP-Beijing) site, during the summer and winter APHH-Beijing campaign for the Atmospheric Pollution & Human Health in a Chinese Megacity (APHH) programme. This combined dataset consists of a single mean time series of HONO mixing ratio (ppb), and associated min/max values determined from the datasets of 4 instruments that measured HONO at IAP at ground level. The data are averaged over 1 hour, the time stamp represents the start time of each averaging period. The instruments included in the combined dataset are the University of Birmingham commercial wet-chemical LOPAP instrument (Heland et al. 2001), Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences custom built wet-chemical instrument (Tong et al. 2016), and two custom built Broadband Cavity Enhanced Spectrophotmeters (BBCEAS) from the University of Cambridge (Kennedy et al. 2011) and Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (Duan et al. 2018).

  • This dataset contains Fluorescence Assay Gas Expansion measurements of OH, HO2 and RO2 made at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics land station (IAP), Beijing site during the winter and summer APHH-Beijing campaigns for the Atmospheric Pollution & Human Health in a Chinese Megacity (APHH) programme. The measurements were taken using the FAGE (Fluorescence Assay by Gas Expansion) technique which is a LIF (laser induced fluorescence) that measures on-resonance fluorescence at 308 nm. HO2 and RO2 are converted to OH via reaction with NO and NO + CO respectively. The instrument is calibrated by photolysis of known concentration of water vapour at 185 nm to generate know concentrations of OH and HO2, same method used for HO2 but NO is injected into the flow to convert HO2 to OH. RO2 is calibrated by photolysing water vapur at 185 nm to generate OH but CH4 is added to convert OH to CH3O2, then CH3O2 is converted to OH using CO and NO. The calibration was preform every three days on campaign, and from this we can convert counts measured into concentration. The units for OH, HO2 and RO2 and there associated errors is molecules cm-3. The data has been filtered for instabilities in data collection including unstable pressure, unstable online, low laser power and not going online correctly. The data has been flagged for when the values were below limit of detection.